Kaja Kallas' cabinet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kaja Kallas' cabinet
Flag of Estonia.svg
51st Cabinet of Estonia
Incumbent
Kaja Kallase valitsus.jpg
Date formed26 January 2021
People and organisations
Head of stateKersti Kaljulaid
Alar Karis
Head of governmentKaja Kallas
No. of ministers15
Total no. of members17
Member partiesReform Party
Centre Party (until 3 June 2022)
Status in legislatureMinority cabinet
34 / 101 (34%)
Opposition partiesCentre Party (from 3 June 2022)
Conservative People's Party
Isamaa
Social Democrats
History
Election(s)2019 election
PredecessorJüri Ratas' second cabinet

The cabinet of Kaja Kallas is the incumbent cabinet of Estonia, in office since 26 January 2021.[1] It was a grand coalition cabinet of the Reform Party and the Centre Party until 3 June 2022 when Kallas dismissed Centre Party ministers from government after several weeks of disputes between the two parties.[2]

Background[edit]

The cabinet was formed after the previous cabinet led by the Centre Party resigned on 14 January 2021 following the resignation of the prime minister Jüri Ratas in the wake of a corruption scandal.[3]

From the very beginning, pundits stated several possible coalitions, among them were Reform Party–Centre Party, Reform Party–Isamaa–SDE, Centre Party–EKRE–Isamaa, Reform Party–EKRE.[4] On 14 January 2021, negotiations started between the Reform Party and the Centre Party. Although it was seen as a surprise to many, the leaders of Isamaa and EKRE (Helir-Valdor Seeder and Martin Helme, respectively) stated that the Centre Party members were probing a possible coalition with the Reform Party since the end of 2020.[5][6]

The cabinet received its mandate on 25 January 2021.

This cabinet was the first coalition government between the Reform Party and the Centre Party since 2003. Also, it became the most gender-equal cabinet in Estonia's history.[7]

The cabinet led Estonia in the times of health crisis of COVID-19 pandemic and energy and security crisis caused by 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. Estonia became one of the largest donors of weapons for Ukraine per capita[8] and received over 40,000 Ukrainian refugees.[9]

Ministers[edit]

The coalition agreed on 14 ministers in addition to the prime minister with seven each for Reform and Center.[10]

In November 2021, Centre's Anneli Ott announced her resignation after criticism related to her not allowing herself to be vaccinated against COVID-19, citing disagreements with the Reform Party on restrictions. Her resignation revealed deeper disagreements between the two coalition parties regarding COVID-19 restrictions and vaccination.[11]

On 2 June 2022, Kallas dismissed the seven ministers of the Centre Party after several weeks of deadlock, during which her coalition partner voted with the far-right EKRE opposition against an education bill.[2][12] Continuing with a minority cabinet, the Reform Party has called up the more rightist Isamaa conservatives and the Social Democrats for talks on a possible new coalition.[13][12]

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Government's Office
Prime Minister26 January 2021Incumbent Reform
Ministry of Finance
Minister of Finance26 January 2021Incumbent Reform
Minister of Public Administration26 January 20213 June 2022 Centre
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Foreign Affairs26 January 20213 June 2022 Centre
Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications
Minister of Economic Affairs and Infrastructure29 April 20193 June 2022 Centre
Minister of Entrepreneurship and Information Technology26 January 2021Incumbent Reform
Ministry of Justice
Minister of Justice26 January 2021Incumbent Reform
Ministry of Defence
Minister of Defence26 January 2021Incumbent Reform
Ministry of Culture
Minister of Culture26 January 20213 November 2021 Centre
8 November 20213 June 2022 Centre
Ministry of the Interior
Minister of the Interior26 January 20213 June 2022 Centre
Ministry of Education and Research
Minister of Education and Research26 January 2021Incumbent Reform
Ministry of the Environment
Minister of the Environment26 January 202118 November 2021 Centre
18 November 20213 June 2022 Centre
Ministry of Social Affairs
Minister of Health and Labour26 January 20213 June 2022 Centre
Minister of Social Protection26 January 2021Incumbent Reform
Ministry of Rural Affairs
Minister of Rural Affairs26 January 2021Incumbent Reform

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gallery: Kaja Kallas wins mandate to form government". ERR. 25 January 2021. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  2. ^ a b Wright, Helen (3 June 2022). "Estonian prime minister dismisses junior coalition partner from government". ERR. Retrieved 3 June 2022.
  3. ^ "Jüri Ratas resigns as prime minister following loan scandal". ERR. 13 January 2021. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  4. ^ "Political mathematics: Four new possible coalitions". ERR. Jan 13, 2021. Retrieved Feb 25, 2021.
  5. ^ "Seeder: Corruption scandal brought collapse of coalition forward". ERR. Jan 14, 2021. Retrieved Feb 25, 2021.
  6. ^ "Helme: Ratas always looked for excuses to say it was difficult with us". ERR. Jan 15, 2021. Retrieved Feb 25, 2021.
  7. ^ "Feature: Women in the Estonian government 1992-2021". ERR. Jan 27, 2021. Retrieved Feb 25, 2021.
  8. ^ Hankewitz, Sten (19 April 2022). "Per GDP, Estonia has donated far more to Ukraine than any other nation". Estonian World. Retrieved 3 June 2022.
  9. ^ Vahtla, Aili (26 May 2022). "PPA: Estonia has received more than 40,000 refugees from Ukraine". ERR. Retrieved 3 June 2022.
  10. ^ "Reform, Center announce incoming ministers". ERR. 24 January 2021. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  11. ^ Whyte, Andrew (2 November 2021). "Anneli Ott resigns as culture minister". ERR. Retrieved 3 June 2022.
  12. ^ a b "Estonian government in crisis as coalition crumbles". France 24. 2022-06-03. Retrieved 2022-06-04.
  13. ^ Whyte, Andrew (3 June 2022). "Prime minister approaches SDE, Isamaa leaders on potential coalition talks". ERR. Retrieved 3 June 2022.

External links[edit]

Preceded by Government of Estonia
2021–
Succeeded by
Incumbent