Kajang Move

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The "Kajang Move" (Malay: Langkah Kajang, also known as Selangor's political crisis, Selangor's MB crisis or Khalid Move) was a political manoeuvre attempted in Malaysia in 2014. The manoeuvre sought to topple the 14th Menteri Besar of Selangor, Tan Sri Abdul Khalid Ibrahim, and install the national opposition leader Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim as his replacement. The move was initiated by Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) Strategy Director, then Vice President cum Secretary General, Rafizi Ramli. The attempt resulted in a nine-month political crisis within the state of Selangor and the Pakatan Rakyat coalition, that also involved the palace of Selangor. The crisis concluded with the appointment of PKR's Deputy President, Azmin Ali, as the 15th Menteri Besar of Selangor.

Introduction[edit]

Khalid Ibrahim had been the Menteri Besar of Selangor, Malaysia's wealthiest and most populous state, since the Pakatan Rakyat coalition of PKR, the Democratic Action Party (DAP) and the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) won a majority in the Selangor State Assembly in the 2008 election. Pakatan Rakyat, led by PKR's Anwar Ibrahim were in opposition at a federal level; the Barisan Nasional coalition had governed Malaysia since its independence.

Rafizi Ramli, in a blog post to justify the "Kajang Move", stated that the manoeuvre would be the "game changer" in the quest of the Pakatan Rakyat to win government nationally.[1] It was triggered by the signing of a water deal between the Selangor state government, headed by Khalid, and the federal government. Anwar and his allies within PKR disapproved of the deal; many of the party's leaders had not been informed of it in advance.[2]

Timeline[edit]

Kajang by-election[edit]

The first stage of the "Kajang Move" was a by-election held for the Selangor State Assembly seat of Kajang on 23 March 2014.[3][4] The seat was vacated after the incumbent PKR assemblyman, Lee Chin Cheh resigned on 27 January 2014.[5] Lee had won the seat by a majority of 6,824 votes, against five other candidates, in the 2013 election.[6]

Federal parliamentary opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim was quickly confirmed to stand as the Pakatan Rakyat candidate in the by-election. Anwar's election would have enabled him to take a seat in the State Assembly of Selangor, and possibly challenge Khalid Ibrahim, a fellow PKR member, for the position of Menteri Besar.[7] However, due to the swift conviction by the Court of Appeal in his sodomy case, his wife Wan Azizah Wan Ismail replaced him as the Pakatan Rakyat candidate.[8][9] Barisan Nasional, which formed the opposition in the Selangor Assembly, named MCA vice president and former Petaling Jaya Utara MP Chew Mei Fun as their candidate.[10]

During the by-election campaign, Anwar stated that Khalid was the best leader in Selangor’s history: “We are proud of Selangor’s performance under Khalid’s administration. He is frugal. He is stingy because he is dealing with state coffers, the rakyat’s money. That is not a weakness"[11]

Wan Azizah won the by-election with a majority of 5,379 votes.[12] The turnout was 16% than in the 2013 general election.[13][14]

Khalid Ibrahim sacking[edit]

On 22 July, PKR president Datuk Seri Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail has received the official endorsement from party leaders to become the next Selangor menteri besar, said Anwar Ibrahim. On August 4, Party secretary-general Datuk Saifuddin Nasution Ismail released a 40-pages document highlighted some court cases which questioned Khalid’s integrity of the mentri besar. According to Saifuddin, the court cases involved an out of court settlement with Bank Islam over the RM66.67mil Kumpulan Guthrie Bhd shares when Khalid was the group’s chief executive officer.[15] Khalid however, hits back by forwarding this issue to Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission.[16][17] On Aug 9, 2014, Abdul Khalid was sacked from PKR, as announced by the party’s disciplinary board during a press conference at the party’s headquarters. Abdul Khalid then said despite the sacking being “flawed and illegal”, he accepted it.[18]

Wan Azizah commencing as "major support from ADUN of Selangor"[edit]

In a special media conference made by Abdul Khalid on August 11, 2014, he announced that the Sultan had given his consent for him to continue as the Mentri Besar of Selangor and claimed that he still maintained the majority support. PKR and DAP later ask Khalid to prove his claim.[19] The Mentri Besar also suggested that Excos (state executive councillors) who did not support his leadership should step down. He also said that he would meet the Excos individually to know their stand on his leadership. Four Excos from PAS state that they would continue to serve under the administration of Abdul Khalid as directed by their party leadership while Six Excos from DAP and PKR were discharged by Khalid.[20] Three days later, Wan Azizah claimed that she is the one that have the majority support of the assemblymen and Khalid's claims were invalid.[21][22]

Names proposed by Pakatan Rakyat to the palace of Selangor[edit]

Abdul Khalid Ibrahim offered his resignation on 26 August 2014[23] and this have allows the parties in Pakatan Rakyat to offers at least three new names to the Palace as the new Menteri Besar. PKR and DAP have jointly nominated Datuk Seri Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail as their sole candidate for the Selangor Menteri Besar post.[24] This later on have upset ted the Sultan and alleged them as "have committed treachery".[25][26][27][28][29][30] Both parties then apologizes to the Sultan.[31][32] Their apologies, however were criticized as rude due to the fact that the apology use the word "..if the sending of one name upset the Sultan." and were made through the media and not directly to Sultan.[33][34][35] This have prompted the eleventh Menteri Besar of Selangor, Tan Sri Muhammad Muhammad Taib to call on Pakatan Rakyat parties to submit more names to the palace with regard to the MB post.

PAS, on the other hand, sent three names which compiled to Sultan's order.[36][37][38] A document about Kajang Move were exposed on the web on 20 August and detailed about PKR's attack on Malaysian economy to topple the sitting government using foreign fund. Rafizi Ramli, however denied the document were genuine and claimed it were fake.[39][40]

Appointment of Azmin Ali as the next Menteri Besar[edit]

Azmin Ali were among the three reported assemblymen (the other two were PAS assemblymen) commenced to be interviewed by the Sultan.[41] He however, was never supported by his party as the next Menteri Besar.[42] He was eventually sworn in as the 15th Menteri Besar of Selangor at 23 September 2014 at Istana Shah Alam.[43] Datuk Seri Datuk Wan Azizah Wan Ismail said she accepts and endorse the Selangor Sultan's decision to appoint PKR deputy president Azmin Ali 'with an open heart' and pulled out of the race for the sake of the people.[44][45] A palace official said that the delay in appointment of the new Menteri Besar occur due to PKR and DAP refused to obey the sultan’s decree to nominate more candidates.[46]

Reactions[edit]

After Azmin appointments, Selangor DAP chairman, Tony Pua said that he can be the best Selangor MB.[47] Selangor PAS commissioner, Iskandar Abd Samad, respected his appointment and urged the others to also do the same.[48][49] Prime Minister, Datuk Seri Najib Razak, on the other hand, accused Pakatan Rakyat of openly practising nepotism in Selangor, pointing to the push to make Opposition Leader Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim’s wife (Datuk Seri Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail) the next mentri besar.[50] Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohammed, Malaysia's former Prime Minister said that Azmin will still be Anwar Ibrahim's puppet if he do not try to administer the state's government by himself.[51][52]

Rafizi Ramli's action of leading this failed coup were also being condemned by PKR grass roots and PAS Youth.[53] It even drew flaked responses from netizens and the Selangor's residents.[54][55][56] An open letter was published by The Malaysian Insider containing 12 expectation that Azmin need to consider as the new MB Selangor.[57]

Three months after the crisis ended, Sultan of Selangor stripped away Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim Datukship due to his questioning the integrity and capability of the palace of Selangor in handling the crisis.[58] However, he still be able to use this title as he have received Datukship awards from nearly all states in Peninsular Malaysia.[59]

Aftermath[edit]

Many analysts view the Kajang Move as a deep failure. Wan Saiful Wan Jan, head of the think tank Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs (Ideas) deemed the move a "failure" as its target to install the A-candidate, Anwar Ibrahim as next Menteri Besar, followed by the B-candidate, Wan Azizah Wan Ismail failed. Awang Selamat, the pseudonym for Utusan Malaysia's editors also echo the same sentiment.[60] Dr Oh Ei Su, of Singapore’s S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, rated the Kajang Move a paltry success rate of 33%, saying it only succeeded in removing Khalid, and that too after a long impasse. The head of the International Relations and Politics department in Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Dr Arnold Puyok, said the Kajang Move had taken a toll on both Pakatan Rakyat and the Selangor people. Independent analyst Khoo Kay Peng, on the other hand, said the architect of the Kajang Move, PKR vice-president Rafizi Ramli, would still insist the strategy's success in removing Khalid.[61][62] Bridget Welsh,Associate Professor of Political Science at Singapore Management University described the move as "childish in-fighting".[63] Monash University political scientist Prof James Chin said the Kajang Move to remove Khalid failed as bickering among the PR leaders continued.Prof Wong Chin Huat, a fellow at Penang Institute, labelled the Move as a "flop".Universiti Sains Malaysia political analyst Dr Sivamurugan Pandian, said that Azmin Ali needed to prove he can lead on his own.[64] Dr. Ahmad Atory Hussain, from the same university, said that Azmin must be prepared to face the disapproval of the ruling coalition in Selangor.[65] Datuk A. Kadir Jasin, a veteran newsman, said that PKR’s reaction to Azmin as MB would determine Pakatan’s future.[66]

An analysis by The Malay Mail columnist, Zainal Epi, stated that a new problem had emerged as the relationship shared by PAS, DAP and PKR is no longer cordial and had become tense.[67] Zefry Dahalan, columnist for Free Malaysia Today said that the political rift in Pakatan Rakyat cause by the Kajang Move will remain until the next general election.[68] Joceline Tan, columnist with The Star concluded that the toughest challenge for the new Menteri Besar would be to match the clean record set by his predecessor.[69][70] She also said the move was made to help Anwar Ibrahim in his appeal on the second sodomy trial.[71] Zulkefli Hamzah of Utusan Malaysia urged Azmin to prove his own capabilities and to differ from Anwar's style of leadership.[60]

Rafizi Ramli, the architect of the Kajang Move said that PKR had achieved two out of three objectives, insisting it was not a failure although it led to eight months of political upheaval, a by-election costing RM1.6 million in taxpayers’ money and PKR ending up without the Menteri Besar it wanted.[72]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Kajang Move: Game Changer in Putrajaya Quest". Rafizi Ramli. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  2. ^ "The Kajang Move explained". Malaysia Today. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  3. ^ "Kajang polls fixed for March 23". Free Malaysia Today. 5 February 2014.
  4. ^ "Kajang by-election to be held on March 23, nominations on March 11, says polls body". The Malaysian Insider. 5 February 2014. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  5. ^ "Kajang rep quits for by-election, Anwar or Rafizi slated to stand". The Malaysian Insider. 27 January 2014. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  6. ^ "Kajang by-election set for March 23". Channel News Asia. 5 February 2014. Archived from the original on 9 April 2014.
  7. ^ "PKR confirms Anwar to stand in Kajang". The Malaysian Insider. 28 January 2014. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Wan Azizah for Kajang". Free Malaysia Today. 9 March 2014.
  9. ^ "Wan Azizah to contest Kajang seat, replaces Anwar". The Malaysian Insider. 9 March 2014. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  10. ^ "MCA's Chew Mei Fun to contest Kajang by-election". The Malaysian Insider. 21 February 2014. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Kajang Move: Anwar fails to tell all". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  12. ^ "PKR retains Kajang with reduced majority". Malaysiakini. 23 March 2014.
  13. ^ "PKR retains Kajang with lower majority". Free Malaysia Today. 23 March 2014.
  14. ^ "PKR retains Kajang in low-key by-election". The Malaysian Insider. 23 March 2014. Archived from the original on 8 October 2014.
  15. ^ "PKR to 'expose' Khalid's hanky-panky - The Malaysian Times". Themalaysiantimes.com.my. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  16. ^ "Khalid hits back". Thesunday.my. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  17. ^ "Wan Azizah next Selangor MB?". NST Online. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  18. ^ "Timeline: From 'Kajang Move' to 'Khalid Move' - The Rakyat Post". The Rakyat Post. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  19. ^ "Khalid perlu buktikan dapat sokongan majoriti daripada DUN, gesa PKR dan DAP". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  20. ^ "From Kajang Move to Selangor MB crisis: Chronology of events". Kwiknews.my. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  21. ^ "S'gor MB crisis: Wan Azizah claims 30 assemblymen support her inc. two PAS reps ABN News - Eng". ABN News - Eng. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  22. ^ "PKR reiterates Wan Azizah has majority support and should be MB". Malaysia Today. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  23. ^ [1]
  24. ^ "PKR and DAP name Wan Azizah as Selangor MB candidate". The Rakyat Post. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  25. ^ "Sultan Selangor amat dukacita terhadap PKR, DAP". BorneoPost Online. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  26. ^ "Sultan Selangor murka PKR dan DAP hantar satu nama". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  27. ^ "Sultan Selangor Dukacita Terhadap Tindakan PKR Dan DAP Kemuka Satu Nama - Persatuan Alumni UiTM Malaysia". Alumniuitm.org.my. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  28. ^ "PKR dan DAP Ingkar Titah, Sultan Mungkin Pilih Nama Di Luar Senarai Dihantar". MYKMU.NET. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  29. ^ "Istana Selangor anggap PKR, DAP biadap". Mykmu.net. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  30. ^ "Kajang Move: From Act 1 to denouement". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  31. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20141022154002/http://www.mstar.com.my/berita/berita-semasa/2014/09/18/anwar-minta-maaf/. Archived from the original on October 22, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  32. ^ "DAP mohon maaf kepada Sultan Selangor". Harakahdaily.net. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  33. ^ "PKR and DAP insincere in apology to Sultan of Selangor". The Rakyat Post. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  34. ^ "Anwar Ibrahim Pohon Ampun Kepada Sultan Cara Biadap, Penuh Penipuan". MYKMU.NET. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  35. ^ "PKR, DAP are rude to Sultan, says Gerakan". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  36. ^ "PAS gave 3 names for Selangor MB, sec-gen now admits". Themalaymailonline.com. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  37. ^ "Istana Selangor sahkan PAS hantar tiga nama calon MB". Astroawani.com. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  38. ^ "PAS nominated 3 candidates for Selangor MB". NST Online. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  39. ^ "Dokumen Langkah Kajang yang tersebar adalah palsu - PKR". Astroawani.com. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  40. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20140822181702/http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2014/08/20/PKR-denounces-false-document-on-Kajang-move/. Archived from the original on August 22, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  41. ^ "Three Pakatan men interviewed for Selangor MB post, decision on Monday, report says". Themalaymailonline.com. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  42. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20140923235853/http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2014/09/21/PKR-will-not-support-Azmin-if-he-becomes-Selangor-MB/. Archived from the original on September 23, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  43. ^ Teh Wei Soon. "UPDATED: Azmin Ali Sworn In As New Selangor MB At Istana Alam Shah". Malaysian Digest. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  44. ^ "'I pulled out of MB race for sake of people' - The Rakyat Post". The Rakyat Post. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  45. ^ "Dr Wan Azizah endorses Selangor Sultan's decision to pick Azmin as MB". Themalaymailonline.com. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  46. ^ "After much drama, why Azmin Ali as MB? Selangor palace official explains". Themalaymailonline.com. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  47. ^ "Azmin can be 'best Selangor MB'". The Rakyat Post. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  48. ^ "PAS Selangor hopes Azmin will continue Khalid's legacy - The Rakyat Post". The Rakyat Post. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  49. ^ "23 September 2014 - Sultan's decision must be respected: PAS - News - Selangor MB crisis - FACTIVA - My Sinchew". Mysinchew.com. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  50. ^ "Najib cites Pakatan for nepotism, points to Dr Wan Azizah's MB nomination". Themalaymailonline.com. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  51. ^ "New Selangor MB still Anwar's puppet, says Dr Mahathir". Themalaysianinsider.com. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  52. ^ "Cuba lakukan sendiri, kata Tun M kepada Azmin Ali". Astroawani.com. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  53. ^ http://www2.nst.com.my/nation/general/rafizi-gets-flak-from-pas-youth-over-kajang-remarks-1.475918
  54. ^ http://bm.therakyatpost.com/berita/2014/08/08/tindakan-rafizi-dikritik/
  55. ^ http://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/Politik/20140707/po_03/Langkah-Kajang-jauh-tersasar
  56. ^ http://www.therakyatpost.com/news/2014/01/29/kajang-move-might-not-be-accepted-by-voters-says-merdeka-centre/
  57. ^ "An open letter to Azmin Ali, Menteri Besar of Selangor". Themalaysianinsider.com. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  58. ^ "Selangor Sultan strips Anwar of 'Datuk Seri' title over MB crisis". Themalaysianinsider.com. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  59. ^ "Anwar ada berapa banyak 'Datuk Seri'?". Malaysiakini.com. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  60. ^ a b "ANALISIS MINGGUAN: BISIK-BISIK AWANG SELAMAT". Utusan.com.my. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  61. ^ "With Azmin as MB, the failure of PKR's Kajang Move, say analysts". Themalaysianinsider.com. Archived from the original on 25 September 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  62. ^ "No clear winner in Selangor MB crisis". Themalaysianinsider.com. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  63. ^ "The Economist: Anwar no longer crucial". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  64. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20141006132350/http://manage.mmail.com.my/story/%E2%80%98kajang-move%E2%80%99-soured-relations-say-analysts-88859. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  65. ^ Carolina Cheah. "If New Selangor MB Is 'Not A Woman', Be Prepared To Face the Same Fate As Khalid". Malaysian Digest. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  66. ^ "PKR's reaction to Azmin as MB will determine Pakatan's future, said the veteran. newsman". Themalaysianinsider.com. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  67. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20141006122740/http://manage.mmail.com.my/story/azmin-tipped-be-named-mb-tuesday-88372. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  68. ^ "Crisis will prolong whoever the MB is". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  69. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20131228232841/http://www.thestar.com.my/Opinion/Columnists/Analysis/?c=%7B51CF0A9C-923E-4D42-B2C0-185DA376DC7A%7D. Archived from the original on December 28, 2013. Retrieved November 8, 2014. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  70. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20140928205329/http://www.thestar.com.my/Opinion/Columnists/Analysis/Profile/Articles/2014/09/27/Uphill-task-for-new-MB/. Archived from the original on September 28, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  71. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20141020031740/http://www.thestar.com.my/Opinion/Columnists/Analysis/Profile/Articles/2014/10/17/Kak-Wan-eyeing-Azmins-power-base/. Archived from the original on October 20, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  72. ^ "2 out of 3 Kajang Move aims met with the last on the way, says PKR's Rafizi". Themalaysianinsider.com. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2014.