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Read Family Tree of Kakazai Pashtun Tribe on Page 555 from "Frontier and Overseas Expeditions from India" - Published 1907 :: Courtesy: The British Library
Kakazai Pashtuns - Page 22 from "A Dictionary of the Pathan Tribes of the North West Frontier of India" - Published 1910 :: Courtesy: The British Library
Family Tree — From Qais Abdul Rashid to the Kakazai (Loi Mamund) Pashtuns
Daulat Khel, Maghdud Khel, Mahsud Khel and Mahmud Khel, Sub-divisions of Kakazai Pashtun Tribe :: Courtesy: The British Library

The Kakazai (Pashto: کاکازي / ککےزي / ککازي‎, Urdu, Persian: کاکازَئی / کَکےزَئی / کَکازَئی‎‎),[1][2][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14] also known as Loye or Loi Mamund, a division of the Mamund clan,[2][3][14][15][16][17][18] are part of the larger Tarkani (ترکاڼي) tribe[4][5][6][7][8][13][18][19][20][21] who are mainly settled in Bajaur Agency, Pakistan, but originally hailed from the Laghman province of Afghanistan. However, it has grown and scattered around to such an extent that it is recognized as tribe of its own.[1][2][3][12][13][14][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28]


The name "Kakazai" means "descendants/offspring/children of Kakae or Kaka" (in Pashto, Kaka or Kakae = a contemporary Afghan name for a male.[1][10][14][24] It is also used for Paternal Uncle.[29] Zai = descendants/offspring/children of, a root also used in other Pashtun tribes such as Yousafzai). Spelling variants include: Kakizi, Kakaezai, Kakezai, Kakaizai, Kakay Zai, Kakayzai, Kakeyzai, Kaka Zai and Kakkayzai.[9][11][30][31]


Early History[edit]

The Kakazai came to South Asia during invasions such as those of Mahmud of Ghazni, settling in various regions.[1][2][10]

British-Raj Era[edit]

A major Kakazai group from Gurdaspur, East Punjab, India settled in twelve villages, including Babal Chak, Faizullah Chak, Sut Kohiah (Satkoha), and Wazir Chak, near Dhariwal. At the independence in August 1947, having been initially told they (being Muslim) would be in Pakistan, they were caught up in the ensuing violence and the survivors displaced when their area became part of India.[30][31][32][33][34][35]

Modern Era[edit]

Today, the majority of the Kakazai reside in Pakistan and Afghanistan.

In Afghanistan, they reside in Marawara District, and the Barkanai and Shortan areas of Kunar[36] as well as some areas of Laghman.[24]

In Pakistan, they reside in all provinces, particularly in the areas of Dara Kakazai (Valley of Watelai, also known as Mamund Valley),[37] Bajaur Agency (Lagharai, Kalozai, Kaga, Mukha, Maina and Ghakhi areas of Tehsil Mamund), Lahore,[38][39] Abbottabad, Peshawar, Sialkot,[40] Dera Ghazi Khan, Quetta, Karachi, Kashmir, Jehlum, Bhalwal, Sargodha, Chakwal, Gujrat, Chak Karal, Isa Khel, Musa Khel, and Killi Kakazai (Pishin, Baluchistan).[24][31][41][42]

Consequently, the Kakazai Pashtuns not residing in Pashto-speaking areas, despite practicing Pashtunwali, do not exclusively speak Pashto but may speak other languages indigenous to Pakistan such as Urdu, Punjabi, Siraiki, Hindko and Balochi.[9][10][24]


  • Daulat Khel
  • Khulozai
  • Mahsud Khel
  • Maghdud Khel
  • Mahmud Khel
  • Umar Khel
  • Yusaf Khel

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "Tareekh-e-Kakazai Tarkani" (a.k.a."Hidayat Afghani-Tareekh-e-Kakazai Tarkani" - (Originally Published May 1933 in Urdu)
  2. ^ a b c d e "A Dictionary of the Pathan Tribes of the North West Frontier of India" (Part I. North of the Kabul River, including all Mohmands, and tribes west of the Indus), published by The General Staff Army Headquarter, Calcutta, India -(Originally Published 1910) :: The Kakazai Pashtuns are mentioned on Page 22 (under ‘K’ -Kakazai), Page 12 (under ‘D’ -Daulat Khel - A sub-division of Kakazai Pathans), Page 26 (under 'K' - Khulozai - A sub-division of Kakazai Pathans), Page 29 (under ‘M’ -Maghdud Khel, Mahsud Khel and Mahmud Khel - sub-divisions of Kakazai Pathans), Page 47 (under 'U' - Umar Khel - A sub-division of Kakazai Pathans) and Page 50 (under 'Y' -Yusaf Khel - A sub-division of Kakazai Pathans)
  3. ^ a b c "Frontier and Overseas Expeditions from India" Volume One published by Government Mono Type Press, Simla, India - (Originally Published 1907) :: Kakazai / Kakayzai Pathan Tribe is mentioned between Page 515- 555-You can read these volumes online, thanks to Internet Archives though their market value is around $11000 ::
  4. ^ a b قوم ککے زئی کی اصلیت، مُصنّف مولانا عبدالمجید، رسالہ افغان ککے زئی علی گڑھ ، بابتِ ماہِ نومبر ۱۹۲۸ء درج ازہدایتِ افغانی المعروف تاریخِ ککے زئی ترکانی از ہدایت اللہ سوہدری، فینسی اسٹیم پریس. وزیرآباد ۱۹۳۳ء صفحہ ۱۳۲ - ۱۴۳ (in Urdu)
  5. ^ a b حداد فرهاد, ارواښاد قدرت الله (2013-03-01). "دهند په مغولي امپراتورۍ کې". Sapi's Center for Pashto Research & Development (in Pashto). 
  6. ^ a b حیاتِ افغانی، طبع اوّل، صفحہ ۲۱۳ مؤلفہ محمد حیات خان ، درج از ہدایتِ افغانی المعروف تاریخِ ککے زئی ترکانی از ہدایت اللہ سوہدری، فینسی اسٹیم پریس. وزیرآباد ۱۹۳۳ء صفحہ ۱۳۲ (in Urdu)
  7. ^ a b تاریخ افاغنہ، حصہ اول، طبع دوم، صفحہ ۱۰۷ مؤلفہ شہاب الدین ثاقب، مطبوعہ حمیدیہ پریس، لاہور، درج ازہدایتِ افغانی المعروف تاریخِ ککے زئی ترکانی از ہدایت اللہ سوہدری، فینسی اسٹیم پریس. وزیرآباد ۱۹۳۳ء صفحہ ۱۳۲ (in Urdu)
  8. ^ a b ښاد جبارخېل, ډاکټر قاضي.ح . (2008-12-20). "خپلواکي پوهنـــــــه -دپښتنو هجرتونه دلوى افغانستان دجوړېدلو لامل دى - ٣". Sapi's Center for Pashto Research & Development (in Pashto). 
  9. ^ a b c Kakezai/Kakazai Afghan/Pathan Tribe, Tazkara by Khan Roshan khan online scans of Urdu text
  10. ^ a b c d "Tazkara" (also called"Tazkira-e-pathan"), Khan Roshan khan, pp 176-181 (in Urdu).
  11. ^ a b Aziz, Khursheed Kamal (2007). A Journey into the Past. Vanguard, Pakistan. p. 721. ISBN 978-9694024998. 
  12. ^ a b تذکره - د پښتنو اصليت او د هغوئ تاريخ - ليکـوال: روشن خان , نرګس سيماب - pp ۲۱۲-۲۱۶ (in Pashto)
  13. ^ a b c افغانستاند, ټول (2013-06-23). "پښتانه څوک دی ؟ لمړۍ برخه". ددي ويبپاڼي د مضامينو بيا نشرول چه مأخذ يی ټول افغانستان ياد شي مجاز دئ (in Pashto). 
  14. ^ a b c d Ancestor Database :: Spelled as Kaka Zai | کاکازي under the offsprings ofMashar Mamond | مشر ماموند ::
  15. ^ Churchill, Winston S. (1897). The Story of the Malakand Field Force: An Episode of the Frontier War. Kessinger Publishing, LLC. p. 91. ISBN 978-1419184109. 
  16. ^ Rasheed, Haroon (2002). History of the Pathans: The Sarabani Pathans, Vol 2. Haroon Rashid — Original from the University of Michigan. pp. 257–262. ASIN B00AJIRNNU. 
  17. ^ Noelle, Christine (1997). State and Tribe in Nineteenth-Century Afghanistan: The Reign of Amir Dost Muhammad Khan (1826-1863). Routledge. pp. 179–192. ISBN 978-0700706297. 
  18. ^ a b A. H. McMahon and, A. D. G. Ramsay (1901). Report on the tribes of Dir, Swat, and Bajour together with the Utman-khel and Sam Ranizai. Saeed Book Bank, Pakistan. p. 9. ASIN B0006EF1OA. 
  19. ^ a b "Tarkanri". Britannica 21. United Kingdom: Encyclopedia Britannica: A New Survey of Universal Knowledge. 1952. p. 816. ASIN B004HZTLWW. 
  20. ^ a b "Tarkanri — Tribes, Castes and Communities". Encyclopaedia of the World Muslims 3. Global Vision Publishing House. 2001. p. 1007. ISBN 9788187746072. 
  21. ^ a b Wylly, Harold Carmichael (1912). From the Black Mountain to Waziristan. Macmillan Company, United Kingdom. p. 155. ASIN B0014IYPC6. 
  22. ^ D. K. Behera (eds.), G. Pfeffer & (2002). The Pashtun Tribal System by Bernt Glatzer — Chapter 10 in: Concept of Tribal Society (Contemporary Society: Tribal Studies, Vol 5). Concept Publishers, New Delhi, India. pp. 265–282. ISBN 9788170229834. 
  23. ^ Family Tree of Qais Abdul Rashid :: Spelled as Kaka Zai under the offsprings of Kharashboon (Khair ud Din) ::
  24. ^ a b c d e پښتانه قبيلی وپېژنئ - ډاکټر لطيف ياد - خېبر وېب پاڼه- pp 86-89 & 261-262 & 310-312 (in Pashto)
  25. ^ Joshi, Rita (1985). The Afghan nobility and the Mughals: 1526-1707. Vikas Publ. House, New Delhi, India. p. 9. ISBN 978-0706927528. 
  26. ^ Centre, Pakistan Studies (1990). Grassroots (Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan: University of Sindh). 15-16: 74.  Missing or empty |title= (help);
  27. ^ Mehdi, Rubya (2002). Gender and Property Law in Pakistan: Resources and Discourses. Vanguard. p. 181. ISBN 9694023696. 
  28. ^ "Military operations on the north-west frontiers of India, Papers regarding the British relations with the neighboring tribes of the north-west frontier of India, 1897-98"-Originally Published by Great Britain. India Office - 1898 (Page Number: 129)
  29. ^ - English Large Dictionary
  30. ^ a b Davies, Captain Henry (1892). Customary law of the Gujrat district. Civil and Military Gazette Press, British India. p. 2. 
  31. ^ a b c "Report of the commissioners appointed by the Punjab sub-committee of the Indian national congress" - Indian National Congress. Punjab Subcommittee, K. Santanam, British India, 1920 (Page Number: 290, 291)
  32. ^ Muslims in the Indian subcontinent 617-1290 C.E. (PDF format)
  33. ^ The 1947 Partition: drawing the Indo-Pakistani boundary
  34. ^ Lieutenant Zarar Ahmad Account of 1947 events in Gurdaspur
  35. ^ Ahmad, Imtiaz (1973). Caste and Social Stratification among the Muslims. Manohor Book Service, India. pp. 137, 148. ASIN B0043KE1TE. 
  36. ^ خوږياڼى, قتيل (2009-08-26). "کونړ د تاريخ په اوږدو کښې". Sapi's Center for Pashto Research & Development (in Pashto). 
  37. ^ Dara Kakazai (Valley of Watelai or Mamund Valley), Federally Administered Tribal Area in NWFP province, Pakistan ::
  38. ^ Balfour, Edward (1885). The Cyclopædia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, Third Edition. Originally Published by Bernard Quaritch, 15 Piccadilly, London, United Kingdom. p. 655. ISBN 978-1130149104. 
  39. ^ معراج, محمد حسن (January 21, 2013). "گلی اور محلہ". ڈان اردو / ڈان میڈیا گروپ. 
  40. ^ معراج, محمد حسن (November 5, 2012). "پرسرور اور پرسو رام،". ڈان اردو / ڈان میڈیا گروپ. 
  41. ^ Shah, Mahmood Ali (1994). Sardari, jirga & local government systems in Balochistan. Edara-e-Tadrees, Pakistan. pp. 9, 148. ASIN B0000CP59E. 
  42. ^ "Biographical Encyclopedia of Pakistan" - Biographical Research Institute, Pakistan, 1961 (Page Number: 550, 906)