Kakegawa, Shizuoka

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Kakegawa

掛川市
Kakegawa Castle
Kakegawa Castle
Flag of Kakegawa
Flag
Official seal of Kakegawa
Seal
Location of Kakegawa in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Kakegawa in Shizuoka Prefecture
Kakegawa is located in Japan
Kakegawa
Kakegawa
 
Coordinates: 34°46′7.3″N 137°59′54.3″E / 34.768694°N 137.998417°E / 34.768694; 137.998417Coordinates: 34°46′7.3″N 137°59′54.3″E / 34.768694°N 137.998417°E / 34.768694; 137.998417
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
PrefectureShizuoka
Government
 •  – MayorSaburo Matsui (since April 2009)
Area
 • Total265.69 km2 (102.58 sq mi)
Population
 (August 2019)
 • Total117,978
 • Density440/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeSweet osmanthus
• FlowerChinese bellflower
• BirdJapanese bush-warbler
Phone number0537-21-1111
Address1-1-1, Nagaya, Kakegawa-shi, Shizuoka-ken 436-8650
WebsiteOfficial website
Kakegawa City Office

Kakegawa (掛川市, Kakegawa-shi) is a city in western Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 July 2019, the city had an estimated population of 36,865 in 45,441 households [1], and a population density of 440 persons per km². The total area of the city is 265.69 square kilometres (102.58 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Kakegawa is in the coastal plains of southwest Shizuoka Prefecture. It is bordered to the south by the Pacific Ocean, and extends for approximately 30 kilometers north-south by 16 kilometers east-west.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Like most of Japan, Kakegawa's population is almost exclusively Japanese. However, Kakegawa has a noticeable Nikkei (particularly, South American) population and it is more common to find signs written in Portuguese than in English.

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Kakegawa has been increasing over the past 50 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1940 —    
1950 38,938—    
1960 88,989+128.5%
1970 86,113−3.2%
1980 94,398+9.6%
1990 105,030+11.3%
2000 114,328+8.9%
2010 116,373+1.8%

Climate[edit]

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Kakegawa is 16.1 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2100 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around 5.8 °C.[3]

History[edit]

The Kakegawa area has been regional commercial center within Tōtōmi Province since at least the Kamakura period, but developed as a castle town under the Imagawa clan, whose headquarters was in neighboring Suruga Province. Kakegawa Castle was built by Asahina Yasuhiro, a retainer of Imagawa Yoshitada, in the Bunmei era (1469–1487). The castle later fell into the hands of the Tokugawa clan, but was then given to Toyotomi clan retainer Yamauchi Kazutoyo in 1580. After the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate, Kakegawa Domain was created, and ruled by numerous fudai daimyō. The area prospered during the Edo period, as the Tōkaidō highway connecting Edo with Kyoto passed through Kakegawa, whose post stations included Nissaka-shuku and Kakegawa-juku. Neighboring Yokosuka Domain, a smaller fudai holding, was also located within what are now the city limits of Kakegawa.

After the Meiji Restoration, Kakegawa was made part of the short-lived Hamamatsu Prefecture in 1871, which merged with Shizuoka Prefecture in 1876. Kakegawa Town was created in the cadastral reform of April, 1891, four years after the opening of Kakegawa Station on what later became the Tōkaidō Main Line railway. The town expanded steadily over the years, annexing neighboring villages and towns in Ogasa District, and was elevated in status of that of a city in 1954.

On April 1, 2005, the towns of Daitō and Ōsuka (both from Ogasa District) were merged into Kakegawa.

Government[edit]

Kakegawa has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 30 members

Economy[edit]

Kakegawa has a mixed economy. It serves as a regional commercial center for west-central Shizuoka Prefecture. In the agricultural sector, production and processing of green tea predominates. The city is surrounded by green tea fields and is known for its high quality tea. Other crops include cantelope, tomatoes, strawberries and roses. In terms of industrial production, Kakegawa has several light industry industrial complexes. Major products include telecommunications equipment and electronics, cosmetics, automotive components and musical instruments.

Education[edit]

  • Tokyo Women's Medical University - Kakegawa campus
  • Kakegawa has 23 public elementary schools, and nine public middle schools operated by the city government and four public high schools operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural Board of Education. The prefecture also operates two special education schools for the handicapped. The city formerly hosted a Brazilian school, a primary school called Centro Educacional Sorriso de Criança.[4]

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Sister city relations[edit]

Notable people from Kakegawa[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kakegawa City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Kakegawa population statistics
  3. ^ Kakegawa climate data
  4. ^ "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. February 7, 2008. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
  5. ^ a b "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  6. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External links[edit]