Kakhovka Reservoir

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Kakhovka Reservoir
LocationKherson, Zaporizhia, and the Dnipropetrovsk Oblasts
Coordinates47°28′N 34°10′E / 47.467°N 34.167°E / 47.467; 34.167Coordinates: 47°28′N 34°10′E / 47.467°N 34.167°E / 47.467; 34.167
TypeHydroelectric reservoir
Primary inflowsDnieper River
Primary outflowsDnieper River
Basin countriesBelarus, Ukraine
Max. length240 km (150 mi)
Max. width23 km (14 mi)
Surface area2,155 km2 (832 sq mi)
Average depth8.4 m (28 ft)
Max. depth26 m (85 ft)
Water volume18.2 km3 (14,800,000 acre⋅ft)
Surface elevation44 m (144 ft)

The Kakhovka Reservoir (Ukrainian: Каховське водосховище, Kakhovs’ke vodoskhovyshche) is a water reservoir located on the Dnieper River.

The reservoir was created in 1956 when the Kakhovka Hydroelectric Power Plant was built.


It covers a total surface area of 2,155 square kilometres in the territories of the Kherson, Zaporizhia, and the Dnipropetrovsk Oblasts of Ukraine.

Map of the Kakhivka Reservoir

The reservoir is 240 km long, up to 23 km wide, and has an average depth of 8.4 meters (with depth varying from 3 to 26 m). The total water volume is 18.2 km³. It is mainly used to supply hydroelectric stations, the Krasnoznamianka Irrigation System and the Kakhovka Irrigation System, industrial plants, freshwater fish farms, the North Crimean Canal and the Dnieper–Kryvyi Rih Canal. With its creation, it has created a deep-water route, allowing deep-sea ships to sail up the Dnieper.

See also[edit]