The station opened on December 23, 1888 when the Sanyō Railway extended from Akashi to Himeji. On April 1, 1913, Banshū Railway (now Kakogawa Line) opened its terminal named Kakogawachō, which was merged into Kakogawa Station later (the railway company's application was posted on the Official Gazette (Kanpō) on May 14, 1915, but the actual date of the merger is unknown). The Banshū Railway also opened the line later named the Takasago Line originating from Kakogawachō on December 1, 1913. The Takasago Line closed on December 1, 1984.
^West Japan Rawilway Company. "加古川駅 構内図". Retrieved January 20, 2013.
^Ishino, Tetsu et al. (eds.) (1998). 停車場変遷大事典 国鉄・JR編 [Station Transition Directory - JNR/JR] (in Japanese). II. Tokyo: JTB Corporation. pp. 218, 239, 242. ISBN4533029809.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)