Kakon Bibi

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Kakon Bibi
Native name
কাঁকন বিবি
Kaket Hanchiata

1915 (unverified)[1]
Other sources give 1927/28[2] or 1931/32[3]
Died(2018-03-21)21 March 2018 (age uncertain)
AwardsBir Protik
Military career
AllegianceBangladesh Bangladesh
AllianceMukti Bahini
Service year1971
Battles/warsBangladesh liberation war

Noorjahan Kakon Bibi Bir Protik (Bengali: কাঁকন বিবি, Khasi; died 21 March 2018)[1][2] was an Indian Bangladeshi[4] freedom fighter and secret agent of the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971. She was arrested and brutally tortured by the Pakistan army. She is one of two female freedom fighters honored with the Bir Protik award in 1996, the fourth highest honor in Bangladesh due to her gallant contribution in the liberation war.[5][6][7]

Personal life[edit]

Noorjahan Kakon Bibi was born, as Kaket Hennyata (other sources state Kaket Hanchiata) in a Khasi family at Nayrai Khasia Palli, Meghalaya, India. Her sister was married to a member of the border guards, She got married to Shaheed Ali of Dirai village in 1970. After her marriage, her name was changed to Noorjahan Begum but she was mostly known as Kakon Bibi. She gave birth to a baby girl Sakhina on 16 March 1971. Because of discrimination against girls in India, her husband was displeased and they got separated. Later she was married to Abdul Majid Khan, and they had a son who died at birth Majid was living in EPR camp where he also worked.[5] After two months, she brought Sakhina from her previous home. But she couldn't find her husband, Abdul Majid Khan, after returning. Hearing that Majid had been transferred to a camp of Dowarabazar Upazila she went there.[8]

Liberation war[edit]

A war was happening in the Dowarabazar area when Kakon went to there to search for her husband. She went to Tengratilla camp. Their Pakistani Army captured her in a bunker and she faced inhuman physical and mental torture for many days. She left her hope for finding husband and joined Muktibahini (the gerrila resistance movement formed by the Bangladesh military, paramilitary and civilians during the War of Liberation). Freedom fighter Rahmat Ali introduced her to sector five commander, Mir Shawkat Ali. Shawkat called Kakon Bibi his sister of religion. With his influence, she started working as a secret agent under a disguise of a beggar.

In April 1971 Kakon Bibi was captured by the Razakars while spying in Bangla bazar in the region of Dowarabazar Upazila. They tortured her immensely including burning with a hot iron rod. Sexual torture was also intensified. Later they took her to the Pakistani camp in Tengratilla. There, she told the Pakistani commander that she is the wife of Pakistani soldier Abdul Majid Khan and she came in search of him. The Pakistani commander believed her. Rather, she was proposed to work for the Pakistanis. She agreed and began to help freedom fighters providing information in a more effective way. This was primarily achieved through receiving an identification card from the Pakistani commander. With that ID card she started going to the Pakistani camp more often and with greater ease and supplied the freedom fighters with important information.

Later Kakon took part in nearly 20 battlefronts.[6] In November, she was engaged in a front war in Tengratilla where she was deeply injured. The injury marks were visible on her knee till her death.[5]


Kakon Bibi was hospitalised in 2017 after a heart attack. She died of pneumonia at Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College and Hospital on 21 March 2018. At the time of her death, Kakon Bibi's age could not be verified. Reports range from 85[3] or 90[2] to an age of 103.[9]


  1. ^ a b "Bir Protik Kakon Bibi dies". Risingbd.com. 22 March 2018. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Kakon Bibi laid to rest". 23 March 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Tale of Legendary Freedom Fighter Kakon Bibi". 26 January 2017. Archived from the original on 22 October 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  4. ^ "Bangladesh War Liberation hero Bir Protik Kakon Bibi dies". 22 March 2018. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  5. ^ a b c গুপ্তচর কাকন বিবি [Spy Kakon Bibi]. Manab Zamin (in Bengali). 13 December 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Constitutional recognition of indigenous people demanded". The Daily Star. 29 June 2009. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  7. ^ কাকন বিবির গল্প [Story of Kakon Bibi]. Janakantha (in Bengali). 27 January 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  8. ^ বীরপ্রতীক উপাধির স্বীকৃতি চান কাকন বিবি [Kakon Bibi wants to recognize the title of Bir]. Jugantor (in Bengali). 16 December 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
  9. ^ বীর মুক্তিযোদ্ধা কাঁকন বিবি আর নেই [Bir Freedom Fighter Krabon BiBi is no longer]. Ekushey Television (in Bengali). 22 March 2018. Retrieved 22 March 2018.