Kakrapar Atomic Power Station

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Kakrapar Atomic Power Station
Kakrapar Atomic Power Station is located in India
Kakrapar Atomic Power Station
Location of Kakrapar Atomic Power Station in India
Country India
Coordinates 21°14′19″N 73°21′00″E / 21.23861°N 73.35000°E / 21.23861; 73.35000Coordinates: 21°14′19″N 73°21′00″E / 21.23861°N 73.35000°E / 21.23861; 73.35000
Construction began 1984
Commission date 6 May 1993
Operator(s) Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited
Power generation
Units operational 2 × 220 MW
Units under const. 2 × 700 MW
Average generation 3.72 Billion Unit (10.2 Million units per day)
Website
Nuclear Power Corporation of India

Kakrapar Atomic Power Station is a nuclear power station in India, which lies in the proximity of the city of Vyara in the state of Gujarat. It consists of two 220 MW pressurised water reactor with heavy water as moderator (PHWR). KAPS-1 went critical on 3 September 1992 and began commercial electricity production a few months later on 6 May 1993. KAPS-2 went critical on 8 January 1995 and began commercial production on 1 September 1995. In January 2003, CANDU Owners Group (COG) declared KAPS as the best performing pressurised heavy water reactor.[1]

The construction costs originally were estimated to be ₹ 382.52 crore, the plant was finally finished at a price of ₹ 1,335 crore. Construction of units 3 & 4 started in November 2010.[2]

Incidents[edit]

  • 1998 KAPS-1 was switched off because of a leakage in the cooling loop for 66 days.
  • 10 March 2004 the (at the time of) supply for the control rods were irreparably damaged during maintenance work. In response, poisons were added to the system and the reactor was shut off.
  • On 22 August 2006 it was reported by village inhabitants the area around the power station had been penetrated. A search by the police did not result in any findings.
  • On 11 March 2016, one unit was shut down due to reported leak of coolant water.[3] Former AERB head Dr A Gopalakrishnan said that it is not a small leak but a moderately large leak.[4]

Units[edit]

Unit Type Gross MW Construction start Operation start Notes
Phase I
Kakrapar 1 PHWR 220 1 December 1984 6 May 1993 [5]
Kakrapar 2 PHWR 220 1 April 1985 1 September 1995 [6]
Phase II
Kakrapar 3 PHWR 700 22 November 2010 2016 [2]
Kakrapar 4 PHWR 700 22 November 2010 2016 [2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kurian, Vinson (26 March 2003). "Indian N-reactors set new global benchmark". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "First concrete for Kakrapar 3 and 4". World Nuclear News (World Nuclear Association (WNA)). 22 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-22. 
  3. ^ http://www.aerb.gov.in/AERBPortal/pages/English/prsrel/p11032016.pdf
  4. ^ "More than 100 hours later, Kakrapar nuclear leak not fixed". 16 March 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2016 – via Rediff.com. 
  5. ^ "Nuclear Power Reactor Details - KAKRAPAR-1". Power Reactor Information System. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). 23 Nov 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-23. 
  6. ^ "Nuclear Power Reactor Details - KAKRAPAR-2". PRIS. (IAEA). 23 Nov 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-23. 

External links[edit]