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Kala Ghoda (IPA:Kāḷā Ghōḍā) literally Black Horse is a neighbourhood in South Mumbai area of Maharashtra state of India. The crescent-shaped precinct is the city's premier art district. It has a large number of the city's heritage buildings, and is full of museums, art galleries and educational institutions.like the Jehangir Art Gallery, the National Gallery of Modern Art, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya and The Arts Trust. Each year, the area hosts the Kala Ghoda Arts Festival. The area is sandwiched between Mumbai Port's docklands to the east, Regal Cinema to the south, Fountain to the north and Oval Maidan to the west. The Bombay Stock Exchange is to its north east.
The name Kala Ghoda means Black Horse, a reference to the presence of a black stone statue of King Edward VII (as the then Prince of Wales) mounted on a horse that was built by Jewish businessman and philanthropist Albert Abdullah David Sassoon, although this statue was removed from the precinct in 1965 and subsequently placed inside the Byculla Zoo.
The Esplanade Mansion, India's oldest surviving cast iron building, is in Kala Ghoda. Formerly known as Watson's Hotel, it was the site where films were introduced to India with a screening of the Lumiere Brothers Cinematograph in 1896. The offices of art publication, Marg, are on the third floor of the historic Army and Navy Building.
Prominent landmarks include:
- Esplanade Mansion, once Mumbai's premier and pioneering Watson's Hotel
- Bajaj Art Gallery
- Bombay Natural History Society
- Jehangir Art Gallery and the Pavement Gallery
- Prince of Wales Museum, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya; (छत्रपती शिवाजी महाराज वस्तुसंग्रहालय), the main museum in Mumbai
- National Gallery of Modern Art
- Elphinstone College
- Rhythm House
- Max Müeller Bhavan – Indo-German cultural centre
- Army & Navy Building, housing the Westside shopping store
- David Sassoon Library
- Ropewalk Street
- Knesseth Eliyahoo Synagogue
- St. Andrew and Columba's Church
- Lions Gate
- K. R. Cama Oriental Institute, Asia's oldest library and research archive exclusively devoted to Indo-Iranian and Zoroastrian studies
- Mumbai University
- Civil and Sessions Court
- The Great Western Building, formerly Admiralty House.
- Choudhury, Chitrangada (2005-06-24). "Now listed as 'endangered', Watson’s Hotel was once toast of Bombay". Indian Express (Express Group). Retrieved 2008-12-29.
- Marg website
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