Kalaeloa Airport is part of a centralized state structure governing all of the airports and seaports of Hawaiʻi. The official authority of Kalaeloa Airport is the Governor of Hawaiʻi. He or she appoints the Director of the Hawaiʻi State Department of Transportation who has jurisdiction over the Hawaiʻi Airports Administrator.
The Hawaiʻi Airports Administrator oversees six governing bodies: Airports Operations Office, Airports Planning Office, Engineering Branch, Information Technology Office, Staff Services Office, Visitor Information Program Office. Collectively, the six bodies have authority over the four airport districts in Hawaiʻi: Hawaiʻi District, Kauaʻi District, Maui District and the principal Oʻahu District. Kalaeloa Airport is a subordinate of the Oʻahu District officials.