Kalahandi State

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Kalahandi State
Karond State
କଳାହାଣ୍ଡି ରାଜ୍ୟ
Princely State of British India
1005–1948
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Kalahandi
Kalahandi State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
Capital Bhawanipatna
History
 •  Established 1005
 •  Accession to the Union of India 1948
Area
 •  1892 9,700 km2 (3,745 sq mi)
Population
 •  1892 224,548 
Density 23.1 /km2  (60 /sq mi)
Today part of Odisha, India
Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
View of the royal palace of the Kalahandi Rajas in Bhawanipatna

Kalahandi State (Odia: କଳାହାଣ୍ଡି ରାଜ୍ୟ; Hindi: कालाहंडी रियासत), also known as Karond State, was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. It was recognized as a state in 1874[1] and had its capital in Bhawanipatna. Its last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 1 January 1948.

History[edit]

Kalahandi was the largest of the 26 Feudatory states of Odisha. According to local tradition the state originated with Raja Raghunath Sai of the Naga dynasty beginning to rule the Kalahandi area in 1005, therefore the state's coat of arms had two cobras facing each other.[2]

In August 1947 Kalahandi became part of the Eastern States Union, an entity that was formed in Rajpur and that gathered most of the princely states of Orissa and Chhattisgarh. The Eastern States Union was dissolved in 1948.[3] The formerly princely state's territory is now within Kalahandi District.

Rulers[edit]

The rulers of Kalahandi princely state belonged to the Nagavamshi Rajput Dynasty[4] and were granted a hereditary salute of 9 guns by the British.[5]

Rajas[edit]

  • 1005 - 1040 Raghunath Sai
  • .......... (20 rajas)
  • 1693 - 1721 Jugasai Deo III
  • 1721 - 1747 Khadag Rai Deo
  • 1747 - 1771 Raisingh Deo III
  • 1771 - 1796 Purusottam Deo
  • 1796 - 1831 Jugasai Deo IV
  • 1831 - 1853 Fateh Narayan Deo
  • 1853 - 7 Apr 1881 Udit Pratap Deo (b. 1839? - d. 1881)
  • 7 Apr 1881 – 20 Oct 1897 Raghu Kesari Deo (b. 1871 - d. 1897)
  • 20 Oct 1897 - 1926 Brij Mohan Deo (b. 1896 - d. 1939)

Maharajas[edit]

  • 1926 - 19 Sep 1939 Brij Mohan Deo (s.a.)
  • 19 Sep 1939 – 15 Aug 1947 Pratap Kishor Deo (b. 1919 - d. 2001)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Indian Princely States
  2. ^ Malleson, G. B. An historical sketch of the native states of India, London 1875, Reprint Delhi 1984
  3. ^ Sadhna Sharma ed. States Politics in India, 1995, p. 273
  4. ^ Rajput Provinces of India - Kalahandi (Princely State)
  5. ^ Kalahandi Princely State (9 gun salute)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 20°04′59″N 83°12′00″E / 20.083°N 83.2°E / 20.083; 83.2