Kalalau Valley

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Coordinates: 22°10′48″N 159°39′13″W / 22.18000°N 159.65361°W / 22.18000; -159.65361

Kalalau Valley viewed from the Nā Pali Kona Forest Reserve Pihea Trail

The Kalalau Valley is located on the northwest side of the island of Kauaʻi in the state of Hawaiʻi. The valley is located in the Nā Pali Coast State Park and houses the Kalalau Beach. The Nā Pali Coast is rugged and is inaccessible to automobiles. The only legal ways to access the valley are by kayak or by hiking the Kalalau Trail.

The valley is surrounded by cliffs more than 2,000 feet (610 m) high. This valley's bottom is broad and relatively flat, with an accessible region about 2 miles (3.2 km) long and 0.5 miles (0.80 km) wide. The abundant sun and rain provides an ideal environment for flora and fauna. Many native Hawaiians lived in the valley into the 20th century, farming taro from a vast complex of terraced fields. Today, its designation as a state park forbids anyone from residing there.

Edited version of USGS topographical chart of Kalalau Valley below 3000 feet elevation. The Kalalau Trail is shown as a black line near the top of the image. The Pihea Trail is shown as a black line near the bottom of the image.

Access to Kalalau Valley[edit]

Since the Nā Pali Coast is too steep for any motorized vehicles, all access to the valley is by boat or foot, except for emergency helicopter landings. Kayaks are a popular way of visiting the valley, although sea conditions can make this dangerous during the winter. Hiking the Kalalau Trail is also popular, but the trail is about 11 miles (18 km) long, quite strenuous, and can be dangerous at parts.

Access to the Kalalau Valley is controlled . A limited number of permits are issued for camping in Kalalau Valley every year by the Hawai'i Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR). Anyone wishing to hike beyond Hanakāpīʻai valley must have a permit for staying in Kalalau Valley overnight. A total of sixty overnight permits are issued for each night. Permits must generally be sought as early as 6 months in advance of travel.

Ecology[edit]

The valley is home to many rare species, including the endangered plant Dubautia kalalauensis which was named for the valley and is found nowhere else in the world.[1] Other endemics include the endangered Schiedea attenuata.[2], and previously unknown plant species have been discovered there[1]

Life in Kalalau Valley[edit]

A panoramic view from inside the Kalalau valley. The center of the image points toward the ocean in the northwest.

The natural environment and relative isolation, despite the noise of constant helicopter traffic, are the major attractions of the valley. Legal campers stay outside the valley in the designated camping area within roughly 300 feet (91 m) of Kalalau beach. There is a small waterfall in this area that is used for bathing and washing dishes.

At one end of the beach is a stream that is also used for fresh water. All the streams are susceptible to contamination with leptospirosis, a bacterium that is transmitted from the urine of infected rodents.

The falls at the end of Hanakapi`ai Valley, on the Nā Pali Coast.

Squatters[edit]

In spite of the efforts of the state of Hawaii, some people illegally hike the Kalalau Trail and camp and even live in the valley.[3] Visitors who do not have a permit are occasionally issued citations that require a court appearance and a fine of up to $500 for a first offense.

On April 28, 2017, Cody Safadago, a man alleged to be living in Kalalau, was charged with stealing a truck and causing and accident that killed a Kauai woman April 27, while he was driving drunk [4]. This incident seems to have increased awareness of illegal activity in Kalalau Valley, and may have helped lead to a May 2017 crackdown on illegal campers in Kalalau by officers of the Department of Land and Natural resources (DLNR) [5]. Some Hawaii residents have posted online complaints about illegal campers in Kalalau, referencing videos posted online by some of those same campers. While some videos appear to have been removed, the anger among locals continues. Some feel contempt for what they call "hippies" and "squatters" who violate State law by camping without required permits - sometimes for months or longer - in the Na Pali Coast State Wilderness Park, where Kalalau Valley is located. Some Kauai residents decry the camping by people they consider to be disrespectful of the land, citing reports of accumulating trash in the camps, and disrespect of the citizenry of Kauai through various illegal conduct of the illegal campers.[6][7]

Destruction of terraced gardens[edit]

The terraced gardens in the Kalalau Valley are threatened by the introduced, invasive trees which create underground root networks invading the rock walls. The trees then fall and topple the rock walls causing permanent damage. The origin of the trees is disputed.

Management of Kalalau Valley[edit]

The valley is a part of the Nā Pali Coast State Park and the DLNR is responsible for its maintenance and preservation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ USFWS. Determination of endangered status for 48 species on Kauai and designation of critical habitat; Final rule. Federal Register April 13, 2010. pg 18965.
  2. ^ Schiedea attenuata. The Nature Conservancy
  3. ^ http://www.staradvertiser.com/2017/05/26/breaking-news/authorities-make-more-illegal-camping-arrests-on-kauai/ Honolulu Star Advertiser.
  4. ^ khon2.com, 4-28-17
  5. ^ Honolulu Star-Advertiser, 5-15-17
  6. ^ khon2.com, 4-28-17
  7. ^ Honolulu Star-Advertiser, 5-15-17

External links[edit]