Kalama River

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Kalama River
Kalama River at Kalama - Washington.JPG
Near the mouth at Kalama
Country United States
State Washington
County Cowlitz
Source Kalama Spring
 - location Mount St. Helens National Volcanic Monument
 - elevation 2,890 ft (881 m) [1]
 - coordinates 46°08′44″N 122°15′05″W / 46.14556°N 122.25139°W / 46.14556; -122.25139 [2]
Mouth Columbia River
 - location near Kalama
 - elevation 10 ft (3 m) [2]
 - coordinates 46°02′01″N 122°52′13″W / 46.03361°N 122.87028°W / 46.03361; -122.87028Coordinates: 46°02′01″N 122°52′13″W / 46.03361°N 122.87028°W / 46.03361; -122.87028 [2]
Length 45 mi (72 km) [3]
Basin 205 sq mi (531 km2) [4]
Discharge
 - average 1,219 cu ft/s (35 m3/s) [4]
Location of the mouth of Kalama River in Washington

The Kalama River is a 45-mile (72 km) tributary of the Columbia River, in the U.S. state of Washington.[3] It flows entirely within Cowlitz County, Washington.[3] Calama River is an old variant name.[2]

Gabriel Franchere in 1811 wrote of the Indian village at the mouth of the Kalama River, adding that it was called Thlakalamah.[5]

Course[edit]

The Kalama River originates in the Cascade Range just south of Mount St. Helens. It flows generally west, joining the Columbia River near Kalama, 73 miles (117 km) upstream of the larger river's mouth on the Pacific Ocean.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Source elevation derived from Google Earth search using GNIS source coordinates.
  2. ^ a b c d "Kalama River". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey. September 10, 1979. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d United States Geological Survey. "United States Topographic Map". TopoQuest. Retrieved January 27, 2013.  River miles are marked and numbered on the relevant map quadrangles.
  4. ^ a b Weinheimer, John; et al. (May 17, 2002). "Draft: Kalama River Subbasin Summary" (PDF). Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority. p. 4. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  5. ^ Virginia Urrutia, They Came to Six Rivers: The Story of Cowlitz County (Kelso, WA: Cowlitz County Historical Society, 1998), pg 93