Kalangadoo, South Australia

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South Australia
Kalangadoo Hotel 02.JPG
Kalangadoo Hotel
Kalangadoo is located in South Australia
Coordinates 37°33′S 140°42′E / 37.550°S 140.700°E / -37.550; 140.700Coordinates: 37°33′S 140°42′E / 37.550°S 140.700°E / -37.550; 140.700
Population 305 (2006 census)[1]
Established 1891[2]
Postcode(s) 5278[3]
Time zone ACST (UTC+9:30)
 • Summer (DST) ACDT (UTC+10:30)
LGA(s) Wattle Range Council
Region Limestone Coast[4]
County Grey[2]
State electorate(s) MacKillop[5]
Federal Division(s) Barker[6]
Localities around Kalangadoo:
Trihi Moerlong Krongart
Mount McIntyre Kalangadoo Nangwarry
Dismal Swamp
Footnotes Locations[3]

Kalangadoo (formerly Kalangadoo East) is a locality in the Australian state of South Australia located about 348 kilometres (216 mi) south-east of the state capital of Adelaide and about 31 kilometres (19 mi) north of the regional centre of Mount Gambier.[2][3]

It was originally proclaimed as Kalangadoo East in 1891, and the name changed to Kalangadoo in 1940. The aboriginal word means "Big trees in water."[7][2]

Today the small business district includes a general store, a farm supply store, a pub, and a timber mill. The disused railway station houses a small museum. At the 2006 census, Kalangadoo had a population of 305.[1]

Saint Andrews Presbyterian Church, Kalangadoo

Kalangadoo is the centre of a rich agricultural district that specialises in potatoes and timber, as well as apple orchards, beef cattle, sheep and dairy cattle. The village flourished after the narrow gauge railroad arrived in 1887 but closed to freight on 12 April 1995 then Limestone Coast Railway passenger tourists June 2006. It languished after World War II as farmers used their cars to shop in Penola and Mount Gambier.[8] The Anglican Church of St Alban the Martyr is active, as are the Catholic church (built 1904) and the Presbyterian church (opened 1914).[9] The Uniting Church opened in 1906 and closed in 2007, with its old buildings used for the weekly farmers' market.[10] The public school established in 1892 reached a peak enrolment of 150 pupils in 1966, falling to 74 by 1991.[11][12]

The historic Kalangadoo House, off the Kalangadoo-Nangwarry Road, is located on the South Australian Heritage Register.[13]

Kalangadoo is located within the federal division of Barker, the state electoral district of MacKillop and the local government area of the District Council of Grant.[6][5][2]

Citations and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Kalangadoo (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Search result for "KALANGADOO (LOCB)" (Record no SA0033524) with the following layers being selected - "Suburbs and Localities", "Local Government Areas", "Development Plan Layers", "Place names (gazetteer)", "Counties" and "Hundreds"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c "Postcode for Kalangadoo, South Australia". Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
  4. ^ "Limestone Coast SA Government region" (PDF). The Government of South Australia. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "District of MacKillop Background Profile". Electoral Commission SA. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "Federal electoral division of Barker" (PDF). Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  7. ^ Chuck, 1991, p 20
  8. ^ Chuck, 1991
  9. ^ Chuck, 1991, pp 186-87
  10. ^ Raymond E. Pocock, Kalangadoo, the Church of Saint Alban the Martyr: a brief history (1968)
  11. ^ Chuck, p 135
  12. ^ Nick Hunt, Kalangadoo Primary School (1992)
  13. ^ "Dwelling ('Kalangadoo House')". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  • Chuck, Reg; Hawke, Marion (1991), Big trees in water : Kalangadoo, the town and the people, 1850-1990, Marion Hawke, ISBN 978-0-646-04813-0