Kalasha Valleys

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Kalash
وادی کیلاش
The three remote valleys are home to the animist Kalash people
The three remote valleys are home to the animist Kalash people
Kalasha Valleys Pakistan.jpg
Kalash وادی کیلاش is located in Pakistan
Kalash وادی کیلاش
Kalash
وادی کیلاش
Kalash Valley
Coordinates: 35°42′2″N 71°41′29″E / 35.70056°N 71.69139°E / 35.70056; 71.69139Coordinates: 35°42′2″N 71°41′29″E / 35.70056°N 71.69139°E / 35.70056; 71.69139
CountryPakistan
ProvinceKhyber Pakhtunkhwa
DistrictChitral District
Area
 • Total456.58 km2 (176.29 sq mi)
Elevation
1,670 m (5,480 ft)
Population
 (2003)
 • Total9,000
 • Density20/km2 (51/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)

The Kalasha Valleys (Kalasha-mondr: کالؕاݰا دیݰ Kaĺaśa Desh; Urdu: وادی کیلاش) are valleys in Chitral District in northern Pakistan. The valleys are surrounded by the Hindu Kush mountain range. The inhabitants of the valley are the Kalash people, who have a unique culture, language and follow a form of religion that is associated with their surroundings like the mountains and rivers.[1][2][3][4] The largest and most populous valley is Bumburet (Mumuret), reached by a road from Ayun in the Kunar Valley. Rumbur is a side valley north of Bumburet. The third valley, Biriu (Birir), is a side valley of the Kunar Valley south of Bumburet.

Kalash people[edit]

The Kalasha Valleys

The Kalash people are a small religious and ethnic minority of Pakistan. The Kalash religion is polytheist faith similar to ancient forms of Hinduism and the people offer sacrifices for their gods. Their culture is interlinked with their religion and includes several unique festivals and celebrations. The people generally do not intermarry or cohabit regions with local Muslims but neither are they hostile towards them. The people are under legal and constitutional protection of the State of Pakistan as a scheduled tribe.[citation needed]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Minahan, James B. (10 February 2014). Ethnic Groups of North, East, and Central Asia: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 205. ISBN 9781610690188. Living in the high mountain valleys, the Nuristani retained their ancient culture and their religion, with many customs and rituals developed locally. The Kalasha Valleys are a source of attraction for Pakistanis as well as International tourists. There are three main valleys.
  2. ^ "The Kalasha Valleys". Kalasha Heritage Conservation. Archived from the original on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  3. ^ http://www.tourism.gov.pk/kalash_valley_nothern_areas.htm[dead link]
  4. ^ http://www.press.umich.edu/pdf/0472097830-02.pdf[bare URL PDF]

Chitral Kalash