Kalbajar

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Kəlbəcər (Kalbajar)
Քարվաճառ (Karvachar)
Skyline of Kəlbəcər (Kalbajar)
Coat of arms as per Azerbaijan Coat of arms as per Artsakh Republic
Coat of arms
Kalbajar is located in Republic of Artsakh
Kalbajar
Kalbajar
Coordinates: 40°06′24″N 46°02′18″E / 40.10667°N 46.03833°E / 40.10667; 46.03833Coordinates: 40°06′24″N 46°02′18″E / 40.10667°N 46.03833°E / 40.10667; 46.03833
Country De facto:  Republic of Artsakh
De jure:  Azerbaijan
Artsakh region
Azerbaijani district
Shahumyan Region
Kalbajar District
Government
 • Mayor Roland Aydinyan
Elevation 2,678 m (8,786 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Total 600[1]
Time zone UTC+4 (AZT)

Kalbajar (Azerbaijani: Kəlbəcər, Armenian: Քարվաճառ), also spelled as Kelbajar, Kälbäjär, Kelbadzhar, Kelbadshar, Kelbadjar, Kelbadžar; is a town and the provincial capital of Shahumyan Region of the de facto independent but unrecognized Republic of Artsakh (de jure Azerbaijan). It was captured by Armenian forces during the Battle of Kalbajar, near the end of the Nagorno-Karabakh War.[2]

Nagorno-Karabakh War[edit]

Armenian and Karabakh forces invaded and occupied Kalbajar the Nagorno-Karabakh War, due to its strategic location between the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast and Armenia.[3] Human Rights Watch findings concluded that during the Kelbajar offensive both sides violated rules of wars, including indiscriminate fire, and the taking of hostages."[4] The capture was condemned by the UN Security Council.[2]

Lakes, rivers, mountains and zones[edit]

There are 13 lakes in local plains and mountains.

Kalbajar’s longest river is the Tartarchay. Its tributaries are the Tutkhun, Lev, Zaylik, Alolar, Garaarkhaj (Sarkar) rivers.

There are also 20 well-known water springs.

70-80 per cent of the district is made up of mountains and each of them has a name. Since motor traffic in mountains is limited, local people have divided the district in different zones:

1. Upper zone – territories stretching from the center westwards
2. Ayrim zone – north-west
3. Gamishli-Lev zone – north-east
4. Tutgu zone – area around Zulfugarli- Baslibel
5. Sarsang SES zone – forests in the east
6. The Dalidagh-Sariyer-Keyti zone consists of bare mountains and plains

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Karvachar is twinned with

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://stat-nkr.am/files/publications/2015/LXH_tverov_2015.pdf
  2. ^ a b "Resolution 822 (1993) adopted by the United Nations' Security Council at its 3205th meeting". UNHCR Refworld. April 30, 1993. Retrieved 22 February 2011. Noting with alarm the escalation in armed hostilities and, in particular, the latest invasion of the Kelbadjar District of the Republic of Azerbaijan by local Armenian forces 
  3. ^ The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: A Legal Analysis. Heiko Krüger. Springer, 2010. ISBN 3642117872, 9783642117879. p. 102
  4. ^ Azerbaijan: Seven years of conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh By Human Rights Watch/Helsinki (Organization : U.S.) p.13
  5. ^ A RESOLUTION OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF PICO RIVERA, CALIFORNIA, RECOGNIZING THE TOWN OF KARVACHAR, REPUBLIC OF ARTSAKH AS ITS FIRST FRIENDSHIP CITY

External links[edit]