De facto: Republic of Artsakh|
De jure: Azerbaijan
|• Mayor||Roland Aydinyan|
|Elevation||2,678 m (8,786 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+4 (AZT)|
Kalbajar (Azerbaijani: Kəlbəcər, Armenian: Քարվաճառ), also spelled as Kelbajar, Kälbäjär, Kelbadzhar, Kelbadshar, Kelbadjar, Kelbadžar; is a town and the provincial capital of Shahumyan Region of the de facto independent but unrecognized Republic of Artsakh (de jure Azerbaijan). It was captured by Armenian forces during the Battle of Kalbajar, near the end of the Nagorno-Karabakh War.
Armenian and Karabakh forces invaded and occupied Kalbajar the Nagorno-Karabakh War, due to its strategic location between the former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast and Armenia. Human Rights Watch findings concluded that during the Kelbajar offensive both sides violated rules of wars, including indiscriminate fire, and the taking of hostages." The capture was condemned by the UN Security Council.
Lakes, rivers, mountains and zones
There are 13 lakes in local plains and mountains.
Kalbajar’s longest river is the Tartarchay. Its tributaries are the Tutkhun, Lev, Zaylik, Alolar, Garaarkhaj (Sarkar) rivers.
There are also 20 well-known water springs.
70-80 per cent of the district is made up of mountains and each of them has a name. Since motor traffic in mountains is limited, local people have divided the district in different zones:
- 1. Upper zone – territories stretching from the center westwards
- 2. Ayrim zone – north-west
- 3. Gamishli-Lev zone – north-east
- 4. Tutgu zone – area around Zulfugarli- Baslibel
- 5. Sarsang SES zone – forests in the east
- 6. The Dalidagh-Sariyer-Keyti zone consists of bare mountains and plains
Twin towns – sister cities
Karvachar is twinned with
Sign at northern site of the city with Armenian text: "Karvachar is an Armenian fortress"
Dadivank Armenian monastery (9th–13th centuries), located 22 km west of Kalbajar
- "Resolution 822 (1993) adopted by the United Nations' Security Council at its 3205th meeting". UNHCR Refworld. April 30, 1993. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
Noting with alarm the escalation in armed hostilities and, in particular, the latest invasion of the Kelbadjar District of the Republic of Azerbaijan by local Armenian forces
- The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: A Legal Analysis. Heiko Krüger. Springer, 2010. ISBN 3642117872, 9783642117879. p. 102
- Azerbaijan: Seven years of conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh By Human Rights Watch/Helsinki (Organization : U.S.) p.13
- A RESOLUTION OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF PICO RIVERA, CALIFORNIA, RECOGNIZING THE TOWN OF KARVACHAR, REPUBLIC OF ARTSAKH AS ITS FIRST FRIENDSHIP CITY
- Kalbajar at GEOnet Names Server
- World Gazetteer: Azerbaijan – World-Gazetteer.com
- Azerbaijan Development Gateway