Kale (mythology)

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Kale (Ancient Greek: Καλη, "Beauty") or Cale; Kalleis (Greek: Καλλεις, Calleis[1]), in ancient Greek religion, was one of the Charites (Graces). daughters of Zeus (Jupiter). Cale is the spouse of Hephaestus according to some authors (although most have Aphrodite play that role). Cale was also known as Charis and Aglaea.


The name Cale in this passage has led some Robert Graves thinks that Homer also mentions two Charites, Pasithea and Cale, which seems to be a forced separation of three words: Pasi thea cale, meaning ‘the goddess who is beautiful to all men’.[2][3][4]

Sostratus (Eustath. ad Hom. p. 1665) relates that Aphrodite and the three Charites, Pasithea, Cale and Euphrosyne, disputed about their beauty with one another, and when Teiresias awarded the prize to Cale he was changed by Aphrodite into an old woman, but Cale rewarded him with a beautiful head of hair and took him to Crete.[5]


  1. ^ The Anacreontea, Fragment 19 (trans. Campbell, Vol. Greek lyric II)
  2. ^ Adrian Room (2003), Who's Who in Classical Mythology, p. 80 ISBN 0-517-22256-6 [1]
  3. ^ William Smith (1849), Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology Vol.1, p. 686 [2]
  4. ^ Robert Graves (1992), The Greek myths, p. 55 - p. 373 ISBN 0-140-17199-1 [3]
  5. ^ David E. Falkner (2011). The Mythology of the Night Sky: An Amateur Astronomer's Guide to the Ancient Greek and Roman Legends. p. 183. ISBN 978-1-4614-0136-0 [4]