Kalemie

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Ville de Kalemie
Kalemie-Centre
Kalemie-Centre
Motto: Build our Nation, Spirit of Patriotism
Ville de Kalemie is located in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Ville de Kalemie
Ville de Kalemie
Location in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Coordinates: 5°56′S 29°12′E / 5.933°S 29.200°E / -5.933; 29.200Coordinates: 5°56′S 29°12′E / 5.933°S 29.200°E / -5.933; 29.200
Country  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Province Tanganyika
Government
 • District Commissioner Moise Katumbi
Population (2012)
 • Total 146,974
Time zone Central Africa Time (UTC+2)
National language Swahili
Climate Aw

Kalemie, formerly Albertville or Albertstad, is a town on the western shore of Lake Tanganyika in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The town is next to the outflow of the Lukuga River from Lake Tanganyika to the Lualaba River. Kalemie's twin town is Steinheim in Germany.

History[edit]

From 1886 to 1891, the Society of Missionaries of Africa had founded catholic missions at the north and south ends of Lake Tanganyika. Léopold Louis Joubert, a French soldier and armed auxiliary, was dispatched by Archbishop Charles Lavigerie's Society of Missionaries of Africa to protect the missionaries. The missionaries abandoned three of the new stations due to attacks by Tippu Tip and Rumaliza.[1] By 1891 the Arab slavers had control of the entire western shore of the lake, apart from the region defended by Joubert around Mpala and St Louis de Mrumbi.[2] The anti-slavery expedition under Captain Alphonse Jacques—financed by the Belgian Anti-Slavery Society—came to the relief of Joubert on 30 Oktober 1891.[3][full citation needed] When the Jacques expedition arrived Joubert's garrison was down to about two hundred men, poorly armed with "a most miscellaneous assortment of chassepots, Remingtons and muzzle-loaders, without suitable cartridges." He also had hardly any medicine left.[4][5][6] Captain Jacques asked Joubert to remain on the defensive while his expedition moved north.[7]

Founding of Albertville[edit]

On 30 December 1891 Captain Alphonse Jacques' anti-slavery expedition founded the military post of Albertville on the shores of Lake Tanganyika, and tried to put an end to the Arab slave trade in the region. Albertville was located 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) south of the Lukuga River. Sergeant Alexis Vrithoff was killed on 5 April 1892 when defending Albertville against an attack by Arab slavers. Rumaliza's troops based at Kataki surrounded Albertville on the 5th of April and besieged the outpost for several months, from 16 August 1892 until 1 January 1893. Eventually Rumaliza's forces had to retreat because of the arrival of the Long-Duvivier-Demol Anti-Slavery expedition, a relief column sent from Brussels at captain Alphonse Jacques's aide. After the Arabs left the territory, the original Albertville was gradually abandoned, and the name became attached to the military post of M'Toa to the north of the Lukuga, the site of present-day Kalemie.[8]

World War I and the East African campaign[edit]

In 1914 Albertville was the base for the Belgo-Congolese forces in the East African campaign. The railway reached Albertville in 1915, and in 1916 the port was constructed and the coalworks at Greinerville opened. At the end of 1940 a South African military base was established at Albertville, later British, to manage troops in Kenya and Abyssinia.[8]

Post-independence and name change to Kalemie[edit]

Albertville was attacked by mercenaries under Major Mike Hoare during operations against the Simba Rebellion in August 1964.[9]

In the late 1960s and early 1970s under the regime of Mobutu Sese Seko the Zairianization policy was implemented, this included numerous changes to the state and to private life, including the renaming of the Congo and its cities, as well as an eventual mandate that Zairians were to abandon their Christian names for more "authentic" ones. In addition, Western style attire was banned and replaced with the Mao-style tunic labeled the "abacost" and its female equivalent. The policy began to wane in the late 1970s and had mostly been abandoned by 1990. In 1971, as a result of the Zairianization, Albertville changed its name to Kalemie. The Town of Kalemie also hosts the major University of Kalemie, which maintains the largest library in the region.

Climate[edit]

Kalemie has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen: Aw).

Climate data for Kalemie
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
24.3
(75.7)
24.3
(75.7)
24.2
(75.6)
23.6
(74.5)
21.8
(71.2)
21.2
(70.2)
22.7
(72.9)
24.1
(75.4)
25.1
(77.2)
24.2
(75.6)
23.7
(74.7)
23.6
(74.49)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 122
(4.8)
96
(3.78)
139
(5.47)
206
(8.11)
82
(3.23)
7
(0.28)
1
(0.04)
7
(0.28)
31
(1.22)
58
(2.28)
163
(6.42)
174
(6.85)
1,086
(42.76)
Source: Climate-Data.org[10]

Economy[edit]

Kalemie serves as an important Town in the Katanga province, Manufactures include Cement, food products, textiles.

Airport[edit]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Compagnie Africaine d'Aviation[11] Beni, Bunia, Bukavu, Goma, Kinshasa-N'djili, Kongolo, Lubumbashi, Mbuji-Mayi

Mining[edit]

The Town consequently serves as a distribution centre for such minerals as copper, cobalt, zinc, tin, and coal.

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Kalemie lies at the centre of railway lines to Nyunzu, Kindu, Kabalo and Lubumbashi. The construction of a railway Kalemie to Bukavu through the town of Baraka to open up the Kivu region was proposed.

Water[edit]

Kalemie lies at the centre of water lines to Kigoma, Tanzania, Mpulungu, Zambia, Uvira, DRC and Bujumbura, Burundi.

Language(s)[edit]

Although French is the official language, the main in Kalemie is a dialect of Kiswahili found in Tanzania. This dialect is spoken along the east side of Congo (including the provinces of North Kivu, South Kivu, Maniema, Katanga and Oriental, Western Kasai and Eastern Kasai) and almost all the way across to the Katangan border with Angola is called Kingwana.[12]

Sports[edit]

Lubumbashi is home to football clubs Tanganyika, FC Etoile Jaune (Yellow Stars) and many more.

Kalemie Port[edit]

The port at Kalemie was built to connect the Great Lakes rail line (from the Kabalo junction on the Lualaba River) to the Tanzanian lake port and railhead at Kigoma, from where the Tanzanian Central Railway Line runs to the seaport of Dar es Salaam. The port was built with a 130 m wharf and 3 mobile cranes, giving it a capacity of 500 tonnes per day with two shifts. Currently, the cranes are not functional, and vessels cannot reach the wharf due to silting up of the lake next to it. The buildings of the port also require rehabilitation.[13] Moreover, the railway line for 100 km west of Kalemie is 'very degraded' and not fully operational.

Kalemie Port is also used by boat services to the northern Lake Tanganyika ports of Kalundu-Uvira and Bujumbura in Burundi, and southwards to Moba and Mpulungu in Zambia.

Kalemie Port is operated by the railway company SNCC which also operates the railways in DR Congo (except for the Matadi-Kinshasa line) as well as boat services on the eastern waterways in the country.

Town partnerships[edit]

Kalemie maintains partnership links with the following places:

2005 earthquake[edit]

The Lake Tanganyika earthquake struck on December 5, 2005. The epicentre was approximately 10 km (6.2 mi) below the surface of Lake Tanganyika, some 55 km south-east of Kalemie. At least dozens of houses were destroyed.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Il y a 80 ans, le 27 Mai 1927, Mourait le Captiaine Joubert" (in French). Lavigerie. Retrieved 2013-04-09.
  2. ^ Shorter, Aylward (2003). "Joubert, Leopold Louis". Dictionary of African Christian Biography. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
  3. ^ Ergo 2005, p. 43.
  4. ^ Moloney, Joseph Augustus (30 July 2007). With Captain Stairs to Katanga: Slavery and Subjugation in the Congo 1891–1892. Jeppestown Press.p.56. ISBN 978-0-9553936-5-5.
  5. ^ Swann, Alfred J. (6 December 2012). Fighting the Slave Hunters in Central Africa: A Record of Twenty-Six Years of Travel and Adventure Round the Great Lakes. Routledge.p.34. ISBN 978-1-136-25681-3.
  6. ^ Cheza, Maurice (2005). "L'accompagnement arme- des missionaires dans l'Afrique des Grand Lacs: Les cas de Joubert et Vrithoff". Les conditions matérielles de la mission: contraintes, dépassements et imaginaires, XVIIe-XXe siècles : Actes du colloque conjoint du CREDIC, de l'AFOM et du Centre Vincent Lebbe : Belley (Ain) du 31 août au 3 septembre 2004 (in French). KARTHALA Editions. p. 96. ISBN 978-2-84586-682-9.
  7. ^ Swann, p. 34.
  8. ^ a b Auzias & Labourdette 2006, p. 211.
  9. ^ S.J.G. Clarke, 'The Congo Mercenary: A History and Analysis,' South African Institute of International Affairs, Johannesburg, 1968, p.43-45
  10. ^ "Climate:Kalemie". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Compagnie Africaine d'Aviation timetable (August 2013)" (PDF). 
  12. ^ "Kingwana". facultystaff.richmond.edu. 
  13. ^ "UNJLC". 
  14. ^ GmbH, Advantic Systemhaus. "Stadt Steinheim / Kalemie". www.steinheim.de. 
  15. ^ "Powerful quake rocks East Africa". 6 December 2005 – via news.bbc.co.uk. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]