Panorama view of the Kalepolepo Fishpond seen from the Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary facility.
|Location||S. Kihei Rd., S of jct. with HI 31, Kalepolepo County Park, Kihei, Hawaii|
|NRHP Reference #||96001503|
|Added to NRHP||December 30, 1996|
Kalepolepo Fishpond, known by its older name Koʻieʻi.e. Loko Iʻa, is an ancient Hawaiian fishpond estimated to have been built between 1400–1500 AD. The fishpond is located in Kalepolepo Park in Kīhei on the island of Maui. In 1996, the ʻAoʻao O Na Loka Iʻa O Maui (Association of the Fishponds of Maui) began renovating Koʻieʻi.e., working closely with the Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary.
Koʻieʻie ("rapid current") is classified as a loko kuapa (walled pond), a type of fishpond that uses lava rock and coral walls (kuapa) to keep water circulating while a wooden sluice gate (makaha) allows small fish to enter the pond to feed, but prevents them from leaving after they grow too large to slip between the gate's gaps. Species of fish once farmed by ancient Hawaiians include the awa (milkfish, Chanos chanos), amaʻama (flathead mullet, Mugil cephalus), and the aholehole (Hawaiian Flagtail, Kuhlia xenura).
- Clark, John R. K. (1989). The Beaches of Maui County. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 47–48. ISBN 0-8248-1246-8. OCLC 19393830.
- James, Van (2001). Ancient Sites of Maui, Molokai'i and Lana'i. Honolulu, HI: Mutual Publishing. pp. 73–76. ISBN 1-56647-529-5. OCLC 61295380.
- Kamakau, Samuel M. (1992). The Works of the People of Old. Honolulu, HI: Bishop Museum Press. ISBN 0-910240-18-3. OCLC 2345803.
- San Nicolas, Claudine (2005-09-27). "Restoring 'history'". The Maui News. Archived from the original on 2006-04-14.
- Tom, Allen; Kapulehua, Kimokeo (2007). "Ko'ie'ie Fishpond Renovation: An Example of Local, State and Federal Partnership" (PDF). Portland, Oregon: NOAA Coastal Services Center: 1–6.
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