Kalepolepo Fishpond

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Kalepolepo Fishpond
Panorama Kalepolepo Fishpond.jpg
Panorama view of the Kalepolepo Fishpond seen from the Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary facility.
Kalepolepo Fishpond is located in Hawaii
Kalepolepo Fishpond
Location S. Kihei Rd., S of jct. with HI 31, Kalepolepo County Park, Kihei, Hawaii
Coordinates 20°46′0″N 156°27′45″W / 20.76667°N 156.46250°W / 20.76667; -156.46250Coordinates: 20°46′0″N 156°27′45″W / 20.76667°N 156.46250°W / 20.76667; -156.46250
NRHP Reference # 96001503[1]
Added to NRHP December 30, 1996

Kalepolepo Fishpond, known by its older name Koʻieʻi.e. Loko Iʻa, is an ancient Hawaiian fishpond estimated to have been built between 1400–1500 AD. The fishpond is located in Kalepolepo Park in Kīhei on the island of Maui. In 1996, the ʻAoʻao O Na Loka Iʻa O Maui (Association of the Fishponds of Maui) began renovating Koʻieʻi.e., working closely with the Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary.[2]

Koʻieʻie ("rapid current") is classified as a loko kuapa (walled pond), a type of fishpond that uses lava rock and coral walls (kuapa) to keep water circulating while a wooden sluice gate (makaha) allows small fish to enter the pond to feed, but prevents them from leaving after they grow too large to slip between the gate's gaps. Species of fish once farmed by ancient Hawaiians include the awa (milkfish, Chanos chanos), amaʻama (flathead mullet, Mugil cephalus), and the aholehole (Hawaiian Flagtail, Kuhlia xenura).

The fishpond was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996, as Kalepolepo Fishpond with alternate names Koʻieʻi.e. Fishpond and Kaʻonoʻulu Kai Fishpond.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Get to know your fishpond - Koʻieʻie". Kihei, HI, USA: ʻAoʻao O Na Loko Iʻa O Maui [Association of the Fishponds of Maui]. Retrieved November 26, 2012. 

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