|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2009)|
|Municipality of Kalibo|
Aerial View of Urban Kalibo
|Nickname(s): Ati-Atihan Town|
Map of Aklan showing the location of Kalibo
|Region||Western Visayas (Region VI)|
|• Mayor||William S. Lachica (Bigkis Pinoy)|
|• Vice Mayor||Madeline Regalado (Bigkis Pinoy)|
|• Total||50.75 km2 (19.59 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||1st class|
Kalibo is a first class Philippine municipality. The Kalibo Municipal Hall is located inside the Magsaysay Park, which also serves as the venue for cultural activities and events.
The term Kalibo comes from the Aklanon word "sangkâ líbo", ("one thousand"), reputedly the number of native Ati who attended the first Catholic Mass celebrated there. Kalibo was originally spelled as "Calivo".
The town of Kalibo was originally called Akean by the inhabitants, similar to the name of the river nearby. The word akean itself connotes the warbling of running waters, from the root word akae, meaning "to boil". Akae-akae means "to bubble" or "to boil" or "to make the sound of bubbling or boiling" in the Aklanon language.
The Spaniards interchanged the names Aklan and Calivo to refer to the town. Aside from these two, other names such as Calibo, Daclan, Adan, and Calibog have been used.
When Miguel Lopez de Legazpi arrived In 1569, he found the city had 2,000 so he recruited 500 to help conquer the rest of the Philippines. On November 3, 1571, it became an encomienda and on April 22, 1581 the city became a parish under the Augustinians. During the Spanish era, Kalibo was part of Capiz.
The town was affected by World War II. On November 8, 1956, the province of Aklan was officially inaugurated and Kalibo became the capital. During the early 21st century, Aklan congressman Florencio Miraflores filed a bill seeking to convert Kalibo into a city but this has yet to succeed.
The town was part of a decision by the Supreme Court of the Philippines on November 18, 2008, that granted a petition by the League of Cities of the Philippines (LCP) that the annulment of the cityhood status of the 16 towns whose cityhood bills were passed during the 11th Congress.
|Population census of Kalibo|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Tourism in Kalibo peaks during the Ati-Atihan Festival, celebrated on the second week of January culminating on the third Sunday. Several department stores and shopping centers are located in Kalibo, such as Gaisano and Royal Supermart.
The Ati-Atihan is a festival celebrated in Kalibo every second week of January and culminating on the 3rd Sunday of the month. Revelers smear themselves with soot or any blackening substance in order to look like an Ati.
Landmarks of the city include Aklan river, the main river that flows in the city and the origin of the name of the province. Within the town proper lies Freedom Shrine which commemorates World War II veterans and the Museo it Akean, a museum of history. Outside the city lies Bakhawan Eco-Park, a 220-hectare mangrove reforestation project that began in 1990 in barangay New Buswang.
Air travel to Kalibo from Manila is about 45 minutes under four airlines: the Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific, AirAsia Zest and PAL Express. These airlines increase their flights during the Kalibo Ati-Atihan Festival in January.
PAL Express also flies to Cebu and Angeles. AirAsia Philippines and SeaAir also have flights to Angeles. AirAsia has a flight to Kuala Lumpur. Meanwhile, Mandarin Airlines, TransAsia Airways, China Southern, China Airlines have weekly flights to and from Taipei; Philippine Airlines and Shanghai Airlines have chartered flights to and from Shanghai; Jin Air does flights to Incheon. Spirit of Manila has its chartered flight to Kalibo from its regional destinations. Zest Air have flights to Seoul, Busan, Shanghai, Taipei, Beijing, and Chengdu. Philippine Airlines has flights to Hong Kong and Seoul.
Kalibo have four ports near the city. The New Washington port is 20 minutes away from Kalibo, while the port of Dumaguit, also in New Washington, can be reached in an hour. Batan port is accessible via Dumaguit and Altavas while the Malay port is approximately two hours. Travel time from Manila to Aklan is 14 to 18 hours through sea travel.
The Caticlan Jetty Port is part of the Roll-on Roll-off (RORO) Strong Republic Nautical Highway that connects Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao, and it passes through Kalibo to Capiz or Romblon. There is a jetty port in barangay Pook of Kalibo.
Public transportation around the city is by tricycle, taxi, multicab and jeepneys.
Kalibo is 158 kilometers from Iloilo City, 86 kilometers from Roxas City, and 182 kilometers from San Jose, Antique. Land travel from Iloilo City to Kalibo takes approximately two and a half to three hours, one and a half hours from Roxas City, and three to five hours from San Jose, Antique. All are accessible by bus and minivans. Trips to Caticlan range from 50 minutes to 90 minutes depending on the mode of transportation.
The tricycle dominates the streets in Kalibo and is the main form of public transport. The town has its own version of the design of its tricycle that can accommodate up to 8 passengers. The design was also adopted in of the rest of Aklan and some parts of northern Antique. There are about 3,500 tricycles that are registered for public transportation and they are distributed in the following routes:
|Route No.||Color Code||Coverage||Terminal|
|1||Green||Osmena Avenue, Estancia, Tinigao, Tigayon, Linabuan Norte||Kalibo Public Market|
|2||Blue||Andagao, New Buswang, Old Buswang, Bakhaw Sur, Bakhawan Eco-Park||RC Supermart; Gaisano( to Andagao)|
|3||Orange||Cardinal Sin Avenue, Pook, Kalibo International Airport, Nalook, Mabilo, Briones||Allen's Mart|
|4||White & Purple||Poblacion, Capitol Site, BLISS Site, ASU, Roxas Ave.Extension||None|
Note: All the terminals are along Toting Reyes Street (Except that of Going to Andagao)
Kalibo is the home to the colleges and universities: Aklan Catholic College, Aklan Polytechnic College, Aklan State University, Garcia College of Technology, Northwestern Visayan Colleges, Panay Technological College, Saint Gabriel College, STI College of Kalibo.
Kalibo is also home to the Regional Science High School for Western Visayas.
AM Radio Stations: DYIN Bombo Radyo, Radio Mindanao Network DYKR, IBC Radyo Budyong DYRG
Cable Networks: Aklan Cable TV, Kalibo Cable Television Network
- "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- "Province: Aklan". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- "An Act Changing the Name of the Barrio Tinigao Bongoe, Municipality of Kalibo, Province of Capiz, to Mobo". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kalibo, Aklan.|
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Balancing Paradise and Pandemonium: Philippine Encounters with the rest of the World - History of Panay, Capiz, Aklan and Boracay
- Philippine Census Information