Kalibo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kalibo
Municipality
Municipality of Kalibo
Banwa it Kalibo
Bayan ng Kalibo
Aerial View of Urban Kalibo
Aerial View of Urban Kalibo
Official seal of Kalibo
Seal
Nickname(s): Ati-Atihan Town
Map of Aklan showing the location of Kalibo
Map of Aklan showing the location of Kalibo
Kalibo is located in Philippines
Kalibo
Kalibo
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°42′N 122°22′E / 11.700°N 122.367°E / 11.700; 122.367Coordinates: 11°42′N 122°22′E / 11.700°N 122.367°E / 11.700; 122.367
Country  Philippines
Region Western Visayas (Region VI)
Province Aklan
District Lone district
Founded 1949
Barangays 16
Government[1]
 • Mayor William S. Lachica (Bigkis Pinoy)
 • Vice Mayor Madeline Regalado (Bigkis Pinoy)
Area[2]
 • Total 50.75 km2 (19.59 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 74,619
 • Density 1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Demonym Kalibonhon
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 5600
Dialing code 36
Income class 1st class
Website www.kalibo.gov.ph

Kalibo is the capital of the Philippine province of Aklan, in the northwest of Panay, and, through the Kalibo International Airport, is the main transportation hub for the resort island of Boracay.

The city is known for the Ati-Atihan festival and for the semi-urban mangrove forest, the Bakhawan Eco-Park. In 2010, it had a population of around 75,000.

Etymology[edit]

The term Kalibo comes from the Aklanon word "sangkâ líbo", ("one thousand"), reputedly the number of native Ati who attended the first Catholic Mass celebrated there. Kalibo was originally spelled as "Calivo".

The town of Kalibo was originally called Akean by the inhabitants, similar to the name of the river nearby. The word akean itself connotes the warbling of running waters, from the root word akae, meaning "to boil". Akae-akae means "to bubble" or "to boil" or "to make the sound of bubbling or boiling" in the Aklanon language.

The Spaniards interchanged the names Aklan and Calivo to refer to the town. Aside from these two, other names such as Calibo, Daclan, Adan, and Calibog have been used.

History[edit]

Kalibo in 1949

When Miguel Lopez de Legazpi arrived In 1569, he found the city had 2,000 so he recruited 500 to help conquer the rest of the Philippines. On November 3, 1571, it became an encomienda and on April 22, 1581 the city became a parish under the Augustinians. During the Spanish era, Kalibo was part of Capiz.

On March 23, 1897 the Nineteen Martyrs of Aklan were executed by the Spanish colonial government for their role in the Philippine Revolution.

The town was affected by World War II. On November 8, 1956, the province of Aklan was officially inaugurated and Kalibo became the capital. During the early 21st century, Aklan congressman Florencio Miraflores filed a bill seeking to convert Kalibo into a city but this has yet to succeed.

The town was part of a decision by the Supreme Court of the Philippines on November 18, 2008, that granted a petition by the League of Cities of the Philippines (LCP) that the annulment of the cityhood status of the 16 towns whose cityhood bills were passed during the 11th Congress.

Politics[edit]

Kalibo is a first class Philippine municipality. The Kalibo Municipal Hall is located inside the Magsaysay Park, which also serves as the venue for cultural activities and events.

Kalibo is politically subdivided into 16 barangays. Mobo was formerly known as Tinigao Bongoe.[4]

Barangay Classification[5] Population[5]
Andagao Urban 12,607
Bachaw Norte Urban 2,031
Bachaw Sur Urban 2,688
Briones Urban 1,246
Buswang, New Urban 9,231
Buswang, Old Urban 2,420
Caano Urban 1,488
Estancia Urban 8,672
Linabuan Norte Urban 4,058
Mabilo Urban 2,298
Mobo Urban 1,939
Nalook Urban 2,879
Poblacion Urban 11,018
Pook Urban 5,010
Tigayon Urban 4,648
Tinigao Urban 2,386

Economy[edit]

Kalibo's main industry is agriculture based on rice, coconuts and the Piña cloth and Abaca cloths. Handbags made of buri leaves are also part of the exports.

Fabric from the town was used during the 1996 of APEC Summit in the Philippines, when world leaders donned a pineapple silk Barong Tagalog during the obligatory photo.

XIX Martyrs' Street.

Kalibo also has a meat-processing industry that produces chorizo, tocino and other meat products.

Tourism in Kalibo peaks during the Ati-Atihan Festival, celebrated on the second week of January culminating on the third Sunday. Several department stores and shopping centers are located in Kalibo, such as Gaisano and Royal Supermart.

Media[edit]

FM Radio Stations: DYRU-FM RGMA Barangay 92.9,[6] DYYM-FM (CBIS) Hot FM 98.5, DYSM-FM 100.1 MBC Love Radio, Bay Radio DYKY-99.3 FM, Radyo Todo 88.5FM, Energy FM,Brigada News FM Kalibo
AM Radio Stations: DYIN Bombo Radyo, Radio Mindanao Network DYKR, IBC Radyo Budyong DYRG
TV Stations: ABS-CBN TV-9 Kalibo, GMA TV-2 Kalibo, TV5-Ch.25 Kalibo, CNN Philippines-Ch. 11 Kalibo, ETC-TV 21 Kalibo, ABS-CBN Sports+Action 23 Kalibo, UNTV 37 Aklan, GMA News TV 27 Kalibo, MYX Channel 55 Kalibo
Cable Networks: Aklan Cable TV, Kalibo Cable Television Network

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Control Tower of Kalibo International Airport.
Terminal Building of Kalibo International Airport.

Air travel to Kalibo from Manila is about 45 minutes under four airlines: the Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific, AirAsia Zest and PAL Express. These airlines increase their flights during the Kalibo Ati-Atihan Festival in January.

PAL Express also flies to Cebu and Angeles. AirAsia Philippines and SeaAir also have flights to Angeles. AirAsia has a flight to Kuala Lumpur. Meanwhile, Mandarin Airlines, TransAsia Airways, China Southern, China Airlines have weekly flights to and from Taipei; Philippine Airlines and Shanghai Airlines have chartered flights to and from Shanghai; Jin Air does flights to Incheon. Spirit of Manila has its chartered flight to Kalibo from its regional destinations. Zest Air have flights to Seoul, Busan, Shanghai, Taipei, Beijing, and Chengdu. Philippine Airlines has flights to Hong Kong and Seoul.

Kalibo is the major hub for to Boracay. Kalibo International Airport is about ten minutes from the main plaza.

Sea[edit]

Kalibo have four ports near the city. The New Washington port is 20 minutes away from Kalibo, while the port of Dumaguit, also in New Washington, can be reached in an hour. Batan port is accessible via Dumaguit and Altavas while the Malay port is approximately two hours. Travel time from Manila to Aklan is 14 to 18 hours through sea travel.

The Caticlan Jetty Port is part of the Roll-on Roll-off (RORO) Strong Republic Nautical Highway that connects Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao, and it passes through Kalibo to Capiz or Romblon. There is a jetty port in barangay Pook of Kalibo.

Land[edit]

Tricycle with 7 passenger sidecar.

Public transportation around the city is by tricycle, taxi, multicab and jeepneys.

Kalibo is 158 kilometers from Iloilo City, 86 kilometers from Roxas City, and 182 kilometers from San Jose, Antique. Land travel from Iloilo City to Kalibo takes approximately two and a half to three hours, one and a half hours from Roxas City, and three to five hours from San Jose, Antique. All are accessible by bus and minivans. Trips to Caticlan range from 50 minutes to 90 minutes depending on the mode of transportation.

Public transport

The tricycle dominates the streets in Kalibo and is the main form of public transport. The town has its own version of the design of its tricycle that can accommodate up to 8 passengers. The design was also adopted in of the rest of Aklan and some parts of northern Antique. There are about 3,500 tricycles that are registered for public transportation and they are distributed in the following routes:

Route No. Color Code Coverage Terminal
1 Green Osmena Avenue, Estancia, Tinigao, Tigayon, Linabuan Norte Kalibo Public Market
2 Blue Andagao, New Buswang, Old Buswang, Bakhaw Sur, Bakhawan Eco-Park RC Supermart; Gaisano( to Andagao)
3 Orange Cardinal Sin Avenue, Pook, Kalibo International Airport, Nalook, Mabilo, Briones Allen's Mart
4 White & Purple Poblacion, Capitol Site, BLISS Site, ASU, Roxas Ave.Extension None

Note: All the terminals are along Toting Reyes Street (Except that of Going to Andagao)

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Kalibo
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 51,387 —    
1995 58,065 +2.32%
2000 62,438 +1.57%
2007 69,700 +1.53%
2010 74,619 +2.51%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Education[edit]

Kalibo is the home to the colleges and universities: Aklan Catholic College, Aklan Polytechnic College, Aklan State University, Garcia College of Technology, Northwestern Visayan Colleges, Panay Technological College, Saint Gabriel College, STI College of Kalibo.

Kalibo is also home to the Regional Science High School for Western Visayas.

Culture[edit]

Ati-Atihan festival[edit]

Main article: Ati-Atihan Festival
Ati-Atihan 2007

The Ati-Atihan is a festival celebrated in Kalibo every second week of January and culminating on the 3rd Sunday of the month. Revelers smear themselves with soot or any blackening substance in order to look like an Ati.

Ati-Atihan is believed to have started in the year 1212 when Borneans led by the ten Datus traversed in several baeangays and crossed the Sulu Sea to land in Panay.

Attractions[edit]

Museo It Akean, 1882

Landmarks of the city include Aklan river, the main river that flows in the city and the origin of the name of the province. Within the town proper lies Freedom Shrine which commemorates World War II veterans and the Museo it Akean, a museum of history. Outside the city lies Bakhawan Eco-Park, a 220-hectare mangrove reforestation project that began in 1990 in barangay New Buswang.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Aklan". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 7 May 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "An Act Changing the Name of the Barrio Tinigao Bongoe, Municipality of Kalibo, Province of Capiz, to Mobo". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  5. ^ a b http://www.nscb.gov.ph/activestats/psgc/municipality.asp?muncode=060407000&regcode=06&provcode=04
  6. ^ http://www.aklanon.net/online-radio

External links[edit]