Kalifornsky, Alaska

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Kalifornsky, Alaska

Unhghenesditnu
Location of Kalifornsky, Alaska
Location of Kalifornsky, Alaska
Coordinates: 60°28′24″N 151°12′5″W / 60.47333°N 151.20139°W / 60.47333; -151.20139Coordinates: 60°28′24″N 151°12′5″W / 60.47333°N 151.20139°W / 60.47333; -151.20139
CountryUnited States
StateAlaska
BoroughKenai Peninsula
Government
 • Borough mayorMike Navarre[1]
 • State senatorsPeter Micciche (R)
Gary Stevens (R)
 • State reps.Gary Knopp (R)
Paul Seaton (R)
Area
 • Total69.8 sq mi (180.7 km2)
 • Land68.9 sq mi (178.4 km2)
 • Water0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)
Elevation
23 ft (7 m)
Population
 • Total7,850 (Ranked 11th)
 • Density114/sq mi (44.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC-9 (Alaska (AKST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-8 (AKDT)
ZIP Codes
99610 (Kasilof)
99611 (Kenai)
99669 (Soldotna)
Area code(s)907
FIPS code02-37250
GNIS feature ID1413260

Kalifornsky (Dena'ina: Unhghenesditnu) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, United States. The population was 7,850 at the 2010 census,[2] up from 5,846 in 2000.

Location[edit]

Kalifornsky is located at 60°28′24″N 151°12′5″W / 60.47333°N 151.20139°W / 60.47333; -151.20139 (60.473421, -151.201427).[3] It is bordered to the north by the city of Kenai and to the east by the city of Soldotna, the borough seat. The Kenai River forms part of the northeast border of the CDP, across which is the CDP of Ridgeway. It is bordered to the south by the CDPs of Cohoe and Kasilof.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 69.8 square miles (180.7 km2), of which 68.9 square miles (178.4 km2) are land and 0.89 square miles (2.3 km2), or 1.27%, are water.[2]

Kalifornsky is on the eastern shore of Cook Inlet on the Kenai Peninsula. It lies off the Sterling Highway along Kalifornsky Beach Road, 4 to 17 miles (6 to 27 km) south of the center of Kenai[4] and 4 to 16 miles (6 to 26 km) west of the center of Soldotna.

Climate[edit]

Kalifornsky CDP has relatively mild winter temperatures, ranging from 14 to 27 °F (−10 to −3 °C). Summer temperatures are relatively cool, ranging from 45 to 65 °F (7 to 18 °C). Average annual precipitation is 24 inches (610 mm).[4]

History and culture[edit]

The place name "Kalifonsky" (omitting the letter "r") was noted in 1916 by the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, with its etymology attributed to an Indian word kali meaning "fishermen".[4]

However, this place name appears to have been due to a mistaken transcription[5] of the village name "Kalifornsky", which took its name from the surname of the village's founder, a Dena'ina Indian named Qadanalchen (meaning "acts quickly" in the Outer Inlet dialect of the Dena'ina language). Qadanalchen had worked at the Russian American colony of Fort Ross in California from about 1812 to about 1821. On his return to Alaska, Qadanalchen took the name "Kalifornsky",[6] the Russian equivalent of "Californian".[7]

Qadanalchen's great-great-grandson, the self-taught Dena'ina writer and ethnographer Peter Kalifornsky (1911–1993), was born in Kalifornsky village,[8] which lay about 10 miles (16 km) south of Kenai and 4 miles (6 km) north of the mouth of the Kasilof River.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
198092
1990285209.8%
20005,8461,951.2%
20107,85034.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

Kalifornsky first appeared on the 1980 U.S. Census as "Kalifonsky", a census-designated place (CDP). The name was corrected to "Kalifornsky" with the 2000 U.S. Census.

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 5,846 people, 2,117 households, and 1,596 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 84.5 people per square mile (32.6/km²). There were 2,479 housing units at an average density of 35.8/sq mi (13.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 89.75% White, 0.24% Black or African American, 4.60% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, and 4.05% from two or more races. 1.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,117 households out of which 42.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 31.3% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 5.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.1 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $54,864, and the median income for a family was $58,750. Males had a median income of $50,583 versus $30,493 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $23,898. About 6.6% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Economy and transportation[edit]

The area's economy is diverse. Industries and services providing employment include oil and gas processing, timber, commercial and sport fishing, government, retail businesses, and tourism.[4]

Kalifornsky Beach Road is frequently trafficked by Kenai River sports fishermen. The nearby Sterling Highway (Alaska Route 1) provides access to the state road system. The nearby city of Kenai has an airport and boating facilities.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2015 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League. 2015. p. 9.
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Kalifornsky CDP, Alaska". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ a b c d e Community Information Summaries: "Kalifornsky." Archived 2007-04-02 at the Wayback Machine Alaska Community Database Online, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development. Retrieved on 2007-02-24.
  5. ^ Kizzia, Tom (1991-12-19), "The Invisible People: In Kalifornsky Village Dena'ina Find a Measure of Past and Peace", Anchorage Daily News, pp. A1
  6. ^ Kizzia, Tom (1991-12-16), "The Invisible People The Good Land: Competing Myths Shroud Arrival of Russian Traders", Anchorage Daily News, pp. A1
  7. ^ Little, Jon (2002-06-28), "Diggin' history — Kenaitze youths help archaeology students", Anchorage Daily News, pp. A1
  8. ^ Kalifornsky, Peter (1991), James Kari; Alan Boraas, eds., A Dena’ina Legacy — K'tl'egh'i Sukdu: The Collected Writings of Peter Kalifornsky, Fairbanks, AK: Alaska Native Language Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, p. 357, ISBN 1-55500-043-6
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links[edit]