Kaliganj (community development block)
কালীগঞ্জ সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|Community development block|
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||317.18 km2 (122.46 sq mi)|
|Elevation||17 m (56 ft)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|• Total literates||193,975 (65.89%)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||WB-51, WB-52|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Krishnanagar|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Kaliganj, Nakashipara|
Kaliganj is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Krishnanagar Sadar subdivision of Nadia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Kaliganj police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Debagram. It is located 53 km from Krishnanagar, the district headquarters.
The Battle of Plassey was fought at Palashi in this block on 23 June 1757 between Siraj ud-Daulah, the last independent ruler of Bengal and the forces of the British East India Company under Lord Clive. The victory of the British forces in the battle marked the advent of British rule in Bengal, which over the next century expanded to cover most of India. There is a memorial stone, set up in 1883, that marks the victory of the British. 
Kaliganj is located at.
Kaliganj CD Block is bounded by Beldanga II CD Block, in Murshidabad district, in the north, Tehatta II and Nakashipara CD Blocks in the east, Katwa II CD Block, in Bardhaman district across the Bhagirathi, in the south and Katwa I CD Block, in Bardhaman district across the Bhagirathi, in the west.
Nadia district is mostly alluvial plains lying to the east of Hooghly River, locally known as Bhagirathi. The alluvial plains are cut across by such distributaries as Jalangi, Churni and Ichhamati. With these rivers getting silted up, floods are a recurring feature.
Gram panchayats of Kaliganj block/ panchayat samiti are: Barachandghar, Debagram, Faridpur, Gobra, Hatgachha, Juranpur, Kaliganj, Matiary, Mira I, Mira II, Palitbegia, Panighata, Plassey I, Plassey II and R Ghoraikhetra.
As per 2011 Census of India Kaliganj CD Block had a total population of 334,881, of which 306,197 were rural and 28,684 were urban. There were 171,912 (51%) males and 162,569 (49%) females. The population below 6 years was 47,473. Scheduled Castes numbered 50,979 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 1,642.
As per 2001 census, Kaliganj block had a total population of 290,845, out of which 149,750 were males and 141,095 were females. Kaliganj block registered a population growth of 21.82 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 19.51 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Census towns and large villages
Large villages in Kaliganj CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Palashi (19,984), Uttar Hajratpota (8,180), Erardanga (4,001), Bara Kulberia (6,662), Kaliganj (8,575), Gabindapur (6,756), Jamalpur (8,900), Sajapur (5,064), Radhakantapur (6,550), Panighata (4,951), Kamari (4,050), Juranpur (6,165), Gobra (4,221), Bashar Khola (4,419), Debagram (32,695), Rautara (5,642), Bara Atagi (4,571), Ballabhpara (4,997), Molamdi (8,397), Bara Chandghar (16,713) and Chhota Chandghar (8,761).
As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Kaliganj CD Block was 193,975 (65.89 % of the population over 6 years) out of which 104,124 (54%) were males and 85,951 (46%) were females.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
|Karimpur I – 67.70%|
|Karimpur II – 62.04%|
|Tehatta I – 70.72%|
|Tehatta II – 68.52%|
|Krishnanagar Sadar subdivision|
|Kaliganj – 65.89%|
|Nakashipara – 64.86%|
|Chapra – 68.25%|
|Krishnanagar I – 71.45%|
|Krishnanagar II – 68.52%|
|Nabadwip – 67.72%|
|Krishnaganj – 72.86%|
|Hanskhali – 80.11%|
|Santipur – 73.10%|
|Ranaghat I – 77.61%|
|Ranaghat II – 79.38%|
|Chakdaha – 64.17%|
|Haringhata – 82.15%|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
|This section does not cite any sources. (March 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Since time immemorial Kaliganj was most popular in respect of manufacturing shola hats which was being widely used by government officials, specially the police personnel. With the advent of other varieties of hats which also gained the approval for the use by the government officials the industry was closed.
NH 34 passes through this block.
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- "Kaliganj Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- "Nadia District". Map. Nadia district administration. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal , Table 4". Census of India 2001, Nadia district (10). Census Commissioner of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-03-25.
- Gangopadhyay, Basudev, Paschimbanga Parichay, 2001, (Bengali), p. 70, Sishu Sahitya Sansad
- "Nadia district". NREGA activities - Block Performance MIS vs MPR. Nadia district administration. Retrieved 2011-03-25.
- "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2012-04-12.
- "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- L.S.S.O’Malley. "Murshidabad District (1914)". IRFCA. Retrieved 24 February 2016.