Kalimantan

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This article is about the Indonesian part of Borneo. For the novel, see Kalimantaan.
Kalimantan
Region
Country  Indonesia
Provinces Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, West Kalimantan
Cities Balikpapan, Banjarbaru, Banjarmasin, Bontang, Palangkaraya, Pontianak, Samarinda, Singkawang, Tarakan, Nunukan
Highest point Bukit Raya
 - location Schwaner Mountains
 - elevation 2,278 m (7,474 ft)
 - coordinates 0°39′S 112°41′E / 0.650°S 112.683°E / -0.650; 112.683
Area 544,150 km2 (210,097 sq mi)
Population 14,944,742 (2014)
Density 27/km2 (70/sq mi)
Timezone Indonesia Central Time (UTC+8)
ISO 3166-2 ID-KA
License plate DA
KB
KH
KT
KU
Map of Kalimantan (light colour) and its component provinces.

Kalimantan is the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo.[1] It comprises 73% of the island's area. The non-Indonesian parts of Borneo are Brunei and East Malaysia.

In Indonesian, the term "Kalimantan" refers to the whole island of Borneo.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The name Kalimantan which is often spelled Klemantan was derived from Sanskrit word: Kalamanthana which means "burning weather island", or island with a very hot temperature to describe its hot and humid tropical climate. It consists of the two words kal[a] (time, season, period) and manthan[a] (boiling, churning, burning). The word Kalamanthana is spelled Kalmantan, and then the indigenous people fixed it into Klemantan.[2]

Area[edit]

The Indonesian territory makes up 73% of the island by area, and 69.5% (13,772,543 at the 2010 Census of Indonesia) by population. The non-Indonesian parts of Borneo are of Brunei (400,000) and East Malaysia (5,625,000), the latter comprising the states of Sabah, Sarawak and the federal territory of Labuan. The region within Indonesia is also known as Indonesian Borneo.

Kalimantan's total area is 544,150 square kilometres (210,097 sq mi).[3]

Administration[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1971 5,154,774 —    
1980 6,723,086 +30.4%
1990 9,099,874 +35.4%
1995 10,470,843 +15.1%
2000 11,331,558 +8.2%
2005 12,541,554 +10.7%
2010 14,297,069 +14.0%
2015 15,320,017 +7.2%
sources:BPS[4]

Kalimantan is divided into five provinces:

Provinces in Kalimantan
Province Area (km2) Population (2005C) Pop. (2010C) Pop. (2015C prelim) Pop. density/km2 Provincial capital Largest metro
West Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Barat)
147,307.00 4,042,817 4,393,239 4,783,209 32.5 Pontianak Pontianak
Central Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Tengah)
153,564.50 1,913,026 2,202,599 2,490,178 16.2 Palangkaraya Palangkaraya
South Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Selatan)
38,744.23 3,271,413 3,626,119 3,984,315 102.8 Banjarmasin Banjarmasin
East Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Timur)
129,067 2,840,874 3,550,586 3,422,676* 26.5 Samarinda Samarinda
North Kalimantan
(Kalimantan Utara)
71,176.72 473,424 524,526 639,639 8.5 Tanjung Selor Tarakan
Total 544,150.07 12,541,554 14,297,069 15,320,017 28 - Banjarmasin

1)North Kalimantan split off East Kalimantan with resulting population and area loss for 2015 census.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Kalimantan". Britannica. Retrieved 2008-02-26. 
  2. ^ "Central Kalimantan Province". archipelago fastfact. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "Indonesia General Info". Geohive.com. Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  4. ^ http://www.bps.go.id/tab_sub/view.php?kat=1&tabel=1&daftar=1&id_subyek=12&notab=1

External links[edit]