Temporal range: 23.03–5.33 Ma Miocene
|Kalimantsia bulgarica , Asenovgrad Paleonthological Museum|
Geraads, Spassov & Kovachev, 2001
Kalimantsia is named for the area in which it was discovered in 2001 by Geraads, Spassov, and Kovachev. The habitat would have been quite open and the remains of Kalimantsia are accompanied by those of horses, early deer, and various carnivorous mammals. Kalimantsia has a shorter muzzle than the horse-like shapes of the rest of the chalicotheres. It also has a domed head that would have resembled that of one of the boneheaded dinosaurs. It is believed that males often competed by butting their heads together. The teeth of Kalimantsia are long and low, and well adapted for eating leaves.
- 3m (10') 
- Tylocephalonyx - Another genus of chalicothere that also has a domed head.
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