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Temporal range: 23.03–5.33 Ma
Kalimantsia bulgarica Iz1.JPG
Kalimantsia bulgarica , Asenovgrad Paleonthological Museum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Chalicotheriidae
Genus: Kalimantsia
Species: K. bulgarica
Binomial name
Kalimantsia bulgarica
Geraads, Spassov & Kovachev, 2001

Kalimantsia is an extinct chalicothere from the Miocene of Bulgaria, Europe. It contains one species, K. bulgarica.


Kalimantsia is named for the area in which it was discovered in 2001 by Geraads, Spassov, and Kovachev. The habitat would have been quite open and the remains of Kalimantsia are accompanied by those of horses, early deer, and various carnivorous mammals. Kalimantsia has a shorter muzzle than the horse-like shapes of the rest of the chalicotheres. It also has a domed head that would have resembled that of one of the boneheaded dinosaurs. It is believed that males often competed by butting their heads together. The teeth of Kalimantsia are long and low, and well adapted for eating leaves.[1]



See also[edit]

  • Tylocephalonyx - Another genus of chalicothere that also has a domed head.


  1. ^ a b c Dixon, Dougal (2008). World Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs & Prehistoric Creatures. New York: Lorenz Books. p. 453. ISBN 978-0-7548-1730-7.