Kalimeris indica

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Kalimeris indica
Kalimeris-indica-by-Taraxacumseeds-01.jpg
Inflorescence of Kalimeris indica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Kalimeris
Species: K. indica
Binomial name
Kalimeris indica
(L.) Sch.Bip.
Synonyms[1]
  • Aster cantonensis (Lour.) Courtois
  • Aster indicus L.
  • Aster javanicus Garcin ex Burm.f.
  • Aster ursinus H.Lév. nom. illeg.
  • Aster yangtzensis Migo
  • Asteromoea cantoniensis (Lour.) Matsum.
  • Asteromoea indica (L.) Blume
  • Boltonia indica (L.) Benth.
  • Callistemma indicum (L.) G.Don
  • Callistephus indicus (L.) DC.
  • Chrysanthemum cuneatum Roxb.
  • Hisutsua cantonensis (Lour.) DC.
  • Hisutua cantoniensis (Lour.) DC.
  • Hisutua serrata Hook. & Arn.
  • Martinia polymorpha Vaniot
  • Matricaria cantoniensis Lour.

Kalimeris indica, also known as Indian aster or Indian Kalimeris, is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). Kalimeris indica, like other species in the genus of Kalimeris, occurs mainly in eastern Asian countries of China, Korea and Japan,[2] but has been introduced to California[3] and Hawaii.[4]

Description[edit]

Leaves, stems and inflorescence of Kalimeris indica

Kalimeris indica commonly occurs on abandoned farm land, slopes of hills and ridges between rice fields. It is also often found along roads and trails in hardwood forests. It can reproduce sexually through production of seeds and asexually through stolons.

Indian aster can grow to a height of 30–70 cm. Leaves are alternate and stems are typically upright. Blooming starts in late spring and will continue into October depending on the location and growth conditions for the plant, particularly nutrient level in the soil. Disk florets are light yellow and ray florets are either light purple or white. Fruits of Indian aster are small and dark.

Uses[edit]

A patch of Kalimeris indica along a rural road
Dried Kalimeris indica inflorescence in winter time
Boiled Kalimeris indica leaves served with salted peanuts

Indian aster has wide culinary uses in East Asia. Young leaves and stems are collected in early spring time and cooked with other food items such as dried tofu (bean curd). It is considered a delicacy because of its special flavor. It is particularly popular south of Yangtze River in China.

Roots and the whole plant of Indian aster is used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat a wide range of ailments.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of all Plant Species". 
  2. ^ Hong-ya Gu and Peter C. Hoch (1997). "Systematics of Kalimeris (Asteraceae: Astereae)". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. 84 (4): 762–814. JSTOR 2992027. doi:10.2307/2992027. 
  3. ^ Corlette, Jan. "Global Biodiversity Information Facility". Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "PLANTS Profile for Kalimeris indica | USDA PLANTS". Plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 2012-11-23.