|Key people||Biju Patnaik (Founder and Chief Pilot)|
Kalinga Airlines was a private airline based in Calcutta, India. It was founded in 1947 by aviator and politician Biju Patnaik, who was also the airline's chief pilot. The airline was nationalised and merged into Indian Airlines in 1953. It restarted operations as a non-scheduled charter operator in 1957 and flew passengers and cargo until 1972.
In 1947, Biju Patnaik, who used to be a Royal Indian Air Force World War II Spitfire and DC-3 pilot, carried soldiers into Kashmir, landing the first platoon of troops in Srinagar. Kalinga Airlines' DC-3s were also used to drop supplies at North Eastern India. In 1953, the airline, along with other seven independent domestic airlines including Deccan Airways, Airways India, Bharat Airways, Himalayan Aviation, Indian National Airways, Air India and Air Services of India was nationalised and merged into the Indian Airlines Corporation.
Kalinga Airways restarted operations in December 1957 by the merger of five airlines, Assam Airways, Indamer Airways, Jamair, Kalinga and Darbhanga Aviations with a fleet of 15 DC-3s. Since May 1960, Kalinga specialised in supply dropping operations in the north-east regions of the country. Non-scheduled operations from Bombay to Dubai were also operated but were suspended in October 1962 to focus on supply dropping. The air-drop operations were taken over by the Indian Air Force in June 1967 and the airline reverted to passenger and cargo charters until February 1972.
Incidents and accidents
- On 31 December 1951, the DC-3 carry three crew members struck trees on climb-out in limited visibility conditions.
- On September 15, 1952, a Kalinga Airlines Douglas Dakota cargo flight crashed in Wadi Halfa, Sudan killing three crew members aboard.
- On 10 April 1952, Douglas C-47A-25-DK carrying four crew members lost control when carrying out an emergency landing following an engine failure.
- On August 30, 1955, a Kalinga Airlines Douglas Dakota lifted off prematurely in Simra, Nepal in order to avoid hitting someone crossing the runway. Two of the three crew members aboard were killed.
- On 17 OCT 1965 Douglas C-47A-75-DL carry 8 people including 5 passengers crashed while dropping supplies in Mohanbari.
- John F. Burns (April 21, 1997). "Biju Patnaik, 81, Daring Pilot-Patriot of India". New York Times.
- "Biju Patnaik".
- "World Airline Directory, Flight, April 18, 1958".
- "World Airline Directory, Flight, April 2, 1964".
- "World Airline Survey, Flight, April 11, 1968".
- "World Airline Directory,". Flight. April 2, 1964.
- Aviation Safety Network > ASN Aviation Safety Database > Operator index > India > Kalinga Airlines. Aviation-safety.net (2012-03-04). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
- Did it come with a bang then? Nepal's early aviation history.