Parts of Kalinga Park (foreground), Shaw Park and Mercer Park (background) looking west from Clayfield
|Operated by||Brisbane City Council|
|Location||100 Bertha Street, Wooloowin, City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia|
|Official name: Kalinga Park, Anzac Memorial Park|
|Type||state heritage (built)|
|Designated||3 July 2007|
Kalinga Park is a heritage-listed park at 100 Bertha Street, Wooloowin, City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. It is community park land associated with the locality of Kalinga, in the suburbs of Clayfield and Wooloowin. It is also known as Anzac Memorial Park. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 3 July 2007.
Kalinga Park occupies a portion of the early German Mission Station established at Zion Hill in 1838, forming the first free European settlement in Queensland. The missionaries named Kedron Brook, but the mission closed in 1850 and the area was surveyed in 1851 prior to other settlers moving into the area. By the 1880s, this area was industrial and in 1884 much of the land now comprising the park was declared a water reserve. Kalinga is derived from Ngalin-nga, a phrase in the Turrbal dialect said to mean "belonging to us".
The area was administered as part of the Shire of Toombul. Of 3 September 1910, Andrew Lang Petrie, Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly for Toombul officially opened the reserve as a park though several sports clubs were already using it. It had received improvements including levelling and clearing, the erection of a pavilion and the laying down of a cricket pitch.
In 1909 and 1911 land to the south of Kalinga Park between the Eagle Junction railway station and the reserve was subdivided and sold as residential blocks. This was an important stage in the subsequent development of the area, as was connection to Brisbane by tram in 1929.
Following the First World War, the local Ladies Patriotic Club and the Kalinga Progress Association, together with the Toombul Shire Council, erected the Soldiers Honour Gates at the Park Avenue entrance. Brigadier-General Lachlan Chisholm Wilson dedicated them on 23 October 1920. The event was well attended with a guard of honour formed by Boy Scouts and Cubs from the Albion, Clayfield, Nundah and Kalinga districts and music provided by the Brisbane Citizen's Band. The President of the Ladies Patriotic Club declared at the ceremony that the Honour Gates were erected as a witness and everlasting memory of the patriotic services of the men who enlisted from the Kalinga district and fought for their country in the Great War. Funds were later raised to embellish the posts of the main gate with inscribed marble slabs. For a time, the park was known as Anzac Memorial Park.
After the war, the Commonwealth Department of Repatriation placed returning soldiers in jobs, but it was a slow process and many found themselves in financial difficulties. Citizens' committees were formed to raise money and to assist in such ways as founding clothing depots. Local committees were also formed to help with finding relief work. In 1922 the Kalinga Unemployed and Distressed Soldiers' Committee was formed. It arranged with the Kalinga Improvement Committee for 83 unemployed returned soldiers to be given work in road formation and drainage in Kalinga Park.
As an initiative of the Kalinga Unemployed and Distressed Soldiers Committee this work included the construction and planting of a roadway through the park as a memorial to those who died in the war. It ran from the gates in Park Avenue to Sandgate Road and was intended for motor traffic. The returned soldiers cleared and levelled 60 chains (1200 metres) of roadway following the curve of Kedron Brook. It was gravelled and lined with trees and was informally known as the "Diggers' Drive". The Governor of Queensland, Sir Matthew Nathan, opened the drive on 31 May 1924. He said that he hoped that the scheme for identifying the trees with metal plaques carrying the names of deceased soldiers would be successfully carried out. However, there was difficultly at the time in obtaining some names and the project was not completed.
A large army staging camp was located at the site between 1943 and 1945 during World War II. As part of this development, the bandstand was sold for removal and many buildings, including a post office for soldiers at the camp, were erected. After the war, these were removed with the exception of the post office building, which was relocated to the western edge of the park, and is used by the Scouts, who have considerably altered and extended it over the years. Thiess Brothers were engaged to restore the park to its pre-war condition, though the bandstand was not replaced. In 1952 Harry Oakman, then Manager of Brisbane parks, planted tallowwoods along the memorial drive to replace trees that had died or been removed.
A block of land in Bertha Street was acquired on 21 July 1952 to extend the park. During the late 1960s considerable work was untaken in the park including filling and topsoiling of the football and cricket fields. In 1965 the Scots Presbyterian Church Fellowship Association gained a seven-year lease of the two tennis courts. The Queensland Miniature Race Car Club constructed a circular fenced track at the eastern end of the park.
During the 1990s the Kalinga Karnival based on the park was run for several years, but was discontinued in 1998.
Land at 924 Sandgate Road, Clayfield was acquired in 1991, bringing the park area to 20.4285 hectares (50.480 acres).
An interpretive sign for the Diggers' Drive was installed and unveiled on 30 April 1993 and the name was formally gazetted in 2003. The drive is now surfaced with bitumen, though the Council has no record of the date that this was done.
In 1996, the Access Arts organisation from Nundah undertook a project in the park utilising both professional artists and community members. They created sandstone carvings and hand decorated paving.
The park also contains a popular children's playground and picnic area.
Kalinga Park has undergone development with the introduction of the Airport Link.
Kalinga Park is an irregularly shaped section of open parkland bounded by Bertha, Kalinga and Lewis Streets. A natural watercourse, Kedron Brook, forms its northern boundary.
A hut leased by the Kalinga Scouts is on the boundary of the park at the western end, though accessed from Bertha Street. It is a single storey timber building.
An avenue of mature eucalypts is planted along the edge of Kedron Brook and trees are scattered in clumps around the park. The railway and the airport monorail cross the western edge of the park.
Facilities and attractions
The park contains several club facilities including a pétanque playing area, a tennis court, ovals and open fields for cricket and football. A natural watercourse, Kedron Brook runs across its northern extent. Bicycle and walking tracks traverse the park. The park also includes electric barbecue areas, children's playgrounds, kid-size bike roadway and dog off-leash areas. Although suburban, the park is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including ducks, cockatoos, rainbow lorikeets, possums, eastern water dragons, and the occasional koala. There is also a fenced circuit for the Queensland Miniature Race Car Club.
The gates are at the entrance on Park Avenue. The posts are made of brown Helidon sandstone carved and topped with stone spheres. The central pair is inset with marble panels that read "Erected by the residents of Kalinga and officially opened 23 October 1920" and "Erected in commemoration of those of the district who served in the Great War 1914-1919."
These posts support metal gates across the carriageway and are flanked by smaller pedestrian gates to either side. A matching wall topped by railings flanks each side of the gateway.
The drive runs from the gateway toward Kedron Brook and then along the line of the Brook to Sandgate Road. It is bitumened and kerbed and is lined by mature trees.
This area incorporates built and natural features including sculptures, shelters and picnic tables formed to resemble leaves.
The place is important in demonstrating the evolution or pattern of Queensland's history.
Kalinga Park is important in demonstrating the pattern of Queensland's history. It follows the line of Kedron Brook and incorporates sections of the land granted to some of Queensland's earliest free settlers. It was a water reserve in 1884, then a recreation reserve, being officially opened as a park in 1910, though it was already being used for sports. It bears witness to the participation of Australia in the First World War with memorial gates and the construction of the memorial Diggers' Drive by returned soldiers. These were constructed between 1920 and 1923 and are key aspects of the park, both historically and in establishing its layout. They demonstrate the process of grieving that was occurring in the district and across Australia at that time. During the Second World War Kalinga Park was the site of a large staging camp and it continues to be a popular recreational facility.
The place demonstrates rare, uncommon or endangered aspects of Queensland's cultural heritage.
The memorial avenue, known as "Diggers" Drive', is the only known example in Queensland of a memorial avenue constructed by returned soldiers as a relief work project.
The place is important because of its aesthetic significance.
Kalinga Park is significant for its aesthetic values. Contributing to this value is the presence of Kedron Brook along its northern perimeter, the tree lined memorial drive and the substantial memorial gates to Park Avenue. The arrangement of groups of mature trees interspersed with open playing fields areas provides pleasing vistas within the park and contrasts with sculptural groupings and the large children's play area.
The place has a strong or special association with a particular community or cultural group for social, cultural or spiritual reasons.
Given the role of the park as a memorial to the war dead of the district, its long history of use by sporting groups, and its presence as a place or resort and recreation, Kalinga Park has a strong and ongoing social value to local community.
- "Kalinga Park". RikWare Pty Ltd. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
-  Northgate Ward Accessed 22 July 2006.
- "Kalinga Park (entry 602584)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
- "MEMORIAL GATES OPENED.". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 25 October 1920. p. 9. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
-  Diggers Drive Accessed 22 July 2006.
-  Camp Kalinga Accessed 22 July 2006.
-  Brisbane City Plan 2000 Accessed 15 October 2008.
-  Kedron Brook Accessed 22 July 2006.
This Wikipedia article contains text from The Queensland Heritage Register published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence (accessed on 7 July 2014, archived on 8 October 2014). Geo-coordinates have been computed from the Queensland Heritage Register Boundaries published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence (accessed on 5 September 2014, archived on 15 October 2014).
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