Kaliningrad North railway station

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Kaliningrad North

Калининград-Северный
Elektrichka suburban rail major station
Kaliningrad 05-2017 img55 North station.jpg
Other namesKönigsberg-Nordbahnhof
LocationPobedy Square
 Kaliningrad
 Russia
Coordinates54°43′17″N 20°30′00″E / 54.7213°N 20.50007°E / 54.7213; 20.50007Coordinates: 54°43′17″N 20°30′00″E / 54.7213°N 20.50007°E / 54.7213; 20.50007
Owned byRussian Railways (Kaliningrad Railway)
Platforms7 (3 terminus island platforms & 1 through side platforms)
Tracks6 (two of the tracks have been removed & one is a freight track with no platform)
ConnectionsTrams in Kaliningrad
Construction
ParkingYes
Bicycle facilitiesYes
Disabled accessVertical transport around the station is using ramps
History
Opened1920
ClosedWWII
Rebuilt1964

Kaliningrad–Severny (Russian: Калининград-Северный; German: Königsberg Nordbahnhof) is a suburban rail station on Pobedy Square (Victory Square) in Kaliningrad.

History[edit]

The station was built in 1920 on the site of Steindammer Tor as part of a railway linking the networks north & south of the city.[1] It replaced the previous Crantzer Bahnhof & Samlandbahnhof. A 5-storey entrance building facing south onto Hansaplatz was designed by architect Martin Stallmann in the modernist style.

During World War II, on 24 June 1942, the first and largest group of Jewish deportees from East Prussia, comprising 465 Jewish men, women and children, were loaded onto trains by members of the SS at the freight depot of the city's northern station and sent to the Maly Trostenets extermination camp near Minsk. [2]

After the war, the station was closed and the main building, which had been damaged badly by incendiary bombs, was rebuilt as offices. In 1964, the station was reopened to serve trains running to the seaside. A new ticket office was built. In 1976 the station saw its first electric trains, beginning the Elektrichka network of suburban trains.

On 24 June 2011, a memorial plaque was dedicated at the station to Jewish deportees from Königsberg and the province of East Prussia. [2]

Layout[edit]

to Kaliningrad South

5: Attic with storage for offices
4-2: Offices
1: Shops. The central section once contained the ticket hall, but now has a bank & the entrance to the offices.
0: The new ticket office & terminus platforms. 2 of the platforms have had their tracks dismantled, & the space is occupied by a TЭ-class steam locomotive.
-1: External waiting area for the through platform.
-2: Through platform

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://digitool.is.cuni.cz:1801/webclient/DeliveryCopyrights.jsp
  2. ^ a b "Memorial Plaque to the Victims of the First Deportation from Königsberg". Information Portal to European Sites of Remembrance. Berlin, Germany: Stiftung Denkmal für die ermordeten Juden Europas. Retrieved 2019-07-18.