Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya line

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
#8 Kalininskaya line Kalininskaya line
#8A Solntsevskaya line Solntsevskaya line
MM L8 - Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya.png
Overview
TypeRapid transit
SystemMoscow Metro
LocaleMoscow
TerminiEast section: TretyakovskayaNovokosino;
West section: Delovoy TsentrRasskazovka
StationsEast section: 8; West section: 12
Daily ridership452,000 (east section)
Operation
Opened30 December 1979
OwnerMoskovsky Metropoliten
Operator(s)Moskovsky Metropoliten
CharacterUnderground
Rolling stock81-760/761
81-765.2/766.2/767
Technical
Line lengthEast section: 16.3 km (10.1 mi);
West section: 24.8 km (15.4 mi)
Track gauge1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in)
ElectrificationThird rail
Route map

Novokosino (#8 Kalininskaya line terminus)
Reutovo railway station
Novogireyevo
Perovo
Shosse Entuziastov
Free out-of-station interchange for Central Circle with the same fare cardTransfer for #14 Moscow Central Circle at Shosse Entuziastov
Aviamotornaya
Novaya railway station
Ploshchad Ilyicha
Serp i Molot railway station Transfer for #10 Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya line at Rimskaya
Marksistskaya
Transfer for #5 Koltsevaya line at Taganskaya Transfer for #7 Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya line at Taganskaya
Tretyakovskaya (#8 Kalininskaya line terminus)
Transfer for #2 Zamoskvoretskaya line at Novokuznetskaya Transfer for #6 Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya line at Tretyakovskaya via cross-platform interchange
future central joining section
Volkhonka
Transfer for #1 Sokolnicheskaya line at Kropotkinskaya
Plyushchikha
Transfer for #3 Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line at Smolenskaya
Dorogomilovskaya
Delovoy Tsentr
Transfer for #4 Filyovskaya line at Vystavochnaya Transfer for #11 Bolshaya Koltsevaya line at Delovoy Tsentr
#11 Bolshaya Koltsevaya line continues to Sheremetyevskaya.
Savyolovskaya (#8A Solntsevskaya line#11 Bolshaya Koltsevaya line terminus)
Moscow Savyolovsky railway station Transfer for #9 Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya line at Savyolovskaya
Petrovsky Park
#11 Bolshaya Koltsevaya line
Free out-of-station interchange for Central Circle with the same fare cardTransfer for #2 Zamoskvoretskaya line at Dinamo
CSKA
#11 Bolshaya Koltsevaya line
Khoroshyovskaya
#11 Bolshaya Koltsevaya line
Transfer for #7 Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya line at Polezhayevskaya Free out-of-station interchange for Central Circle with the same fare cardTransfer for #14 Moscow Central Circle at Khoroshyovo
Shelepikha
#11 Bolshaya Koltsevaya line
Transfer for #14 Moscow Central Circle at Shelepikha
#8A Solntsevskaya line temporary reroute to Savyolovskaya
Park Pobedy
Transfer for #3 Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line at Park Pobedy via cross-platform interchange
Minskaya
Lomonosovsky Prospekt
Ramenki
Michurinsky Prospekt
Ozyornaya
Govorovo
Solntsevo
Solntsevo yard
Borovskoye Shosse
Novoperedelkino
Rasskazovka (#8A Solntsevskaya line terminus)
under construction
Pykhtino
Vnukovo (Vnukovo Airport)

The Kalininsko–Solntsevskaya line (Кали́нинско-Солнцевская ли́ния, IPA: [kəˈlʲinʲɪnskə ˈsontsəfskəjə ˈlʲinʲɪjə]) (Line 8) is a line of the Moscow Metro, currently consisting of two separate parts. It was opened as the eastwards Kalininskaya line in 1979, with the first stations of the western Solntsevsky radius opening in 2014. Presently there are 8 stations on the eastern section and 14 on the western section. The two parts are planned to be joined after 2023. To distinguish the 2 sections, the newer west section is identified as Line 8A.

History[edit]

The line's pilot stage, which would see it extending from Taganskaya through Lefortovo and into the eastern districts of Perovo, Novogireevo and Veshnyaki was opened for the 1980 Moscow Olympics. The line bears all traits of the late 1970s architecture and engineering. No longer pressed for economy designs and aesthetics, the architects were given full freedom to use advanced materials.

The engineers were able to introduce new designs, particularly for the Column stations of Marksistskaya and Aviamotornaya which were built without ventral crosspieces allowing a huge economy in time by abandoning the use of tubings. The shallow column station of Novogireevo further demonstrated its parting with previous centipede roots by increasing inter-column width from six to seven and a half metres.

What makes the line unique is its name, as it was originally named after partially passing the Kalinin District, which disappeared in the 1990s. Thus the line is the only in Moscow which carries the name of a figurehead, Mikhail Kalinin rather than the area it serves.

In 1986 the line's first extension opened, with the station Tretyakovskaya, the third cross-platform transfer in Moscow Metro was set up this way. It was planned for the line to continue and link up with the Arbatskaya station of the Arbatsko–Pokrovskaya line, allowing it to be split and the old route Aleksandrovsky SadPloshchad Revolyutsii route to be reused, whilst the Kalininskaya line, now operating to Kievskaya would extend southwestwards.

This was not to be realised, and the western extension plans stalled for more than two decades due to the financial instability of the 1990s and other priorities.

With the opening of the Bolshaya Koltsevaya line, the route changed to include the new stations and the temporary but indefinite closure of Delovoy Tsentr. On February 24, Delovoy Tsentr on the Kalininsko–Solntsevskaya line closed while on February 26, Delovoy Tsentr on the Bolshaya Koltsevaya line opened. Trains from Ramenki now continue north onto the Bolshaya Koltsevaya line at Shelepikha to Petrovsky Park.[1]

The original route of the line through Delovoy Tsentr reflected the fact that the Solntsevskaya branch does not have an active rail yard. Trains would shift from that station to the Arbatsko–Pokrovskaya line and onward to the Izmailovo yard. As the Bolshaya Koltsevaya line uses the Izmailovo yard, trains can operate along the new route to Petrovsky Park and onward to the yard.[2] In the meantime, there is no timeline for Delovoy Tsentr to reopen. However, it could be several years as completion of the central branch of the line to Tretyakovskaya has not yet begun.[1]

Timeline[edit]

Segment Date opened Length
MarksistskayaNovogireevo 30 December 1979 11.4 km
MarksistskayaTretyakovskaya 25 January 1986 1.7 km
NovogireyevoNovokosino 30 August 2012 3.2 km
Park PobedyDelovoy Tsentr[a] 31 January 2014 2.4 km
Park PobedyRamenki 16 March 2017 7.4 km
RamenkiRasskazovka 30 August 2018 15.0 km
Total:[b] 22 Stations 31.1 km
  1. ^ The section from Park Pobedy to Delovoy Tsentr is currently disused from passenger service until the eastern and western sections are connected.
  2. ^ Not accounting the shared tracks of western section with Bolshaya Koltsevaya line from Savyolovskaya to Shelepikha. This reroute is expected to be temporary.

Transfers[edit]

# Transfer to At
#8 Kalininskaya line Eastern section
#2 Zamoskvoretskaya line
#6 Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya line
Zamoskvoretskaya line
Kaluzhsko–Rizhskaya line (cross-platform)
Tretyakovskaya
#5 Koltsevaya line
#7 Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya line
Koltsevaya line
Tagansko–Krasnopresnenskaya line
Marksistskaya
#14 Moscow Central Circle Moscow Central Circle (out-of-station) Shosse Entuziastov
#10 Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya line
Rail
Rail
Lyublinsko–Dmitrovskaya line
Kurskoye direction
Gorkovskoye direction
Ploshchad Ilicha
Rail Kazanskoye direction Aviamotornaya
#8A Solntsevskaya line Western section
#9 Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya line Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya line Savyolovskaya
#2 Zamoskvoretskaya line Zamoskvoretskaya line (out-of-station) Petrovsky Park
#7 Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya line
#14 Moscow Central Circle
Tagansko–Krasnopresnenskaya line
Moscow Central Circle (out-of-station)
Khoroshyovskaya
#14 Moscow Central Circle Moscow Central Circle (out-of-station) Shelepikha
#11 Bolshaya Koltsevaya line Bolshaya Koltsevaya line Shared tracks and stations from
Shelepikha to Savyolovskaya
#3 Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line Arbatsko–Pokrovskaya line (cross-platform) Park Pobedy
#4 Filyovskaya line Filyovskaya line Delovoy Tsentr (disused temporarily)

Rolling stock[edit]

The line is served by the Novogireevo depot (№ 12). 36 eight-carriage trains of the newest 81-760/761 model are running on the line. It was also served by one new 81-717.6K/714.6K eight-carriage train in 2007–2011 and by two 81-717.5M/714.5M in 2009–2011, but the most trains till 2012 were old 81-717/714, built between 1979 and 1983. In 2012–2013 all 81-717/714 trains were replaced by new 81-760/761 (called "Oka") trains. The last 81-717/714 train emerged on the line in April 2013.

Recent developments and future plans[edit]

The line currently exists as a single radial, but for a long time an extension through the city centre and then on westwards has been planned.

Perovsky radial[edit]

Novokosino was completed in 2012. In the future a connection will be built that links the Aviamotornaya Kalininskaya line station to Aviamotornaya on the (yet to be built) Nekrasovskaya line.

Solntsevsky radial[edit]

The first part of the Solntsevsky radial, between Park Pobedy and Delovoy Tsentr (with a transfer to Vystavochnaya), opened in January 2014. It is not yet connected to the rest of Kalininskaya line. A further extension of this line further south from Park Pobedy to Ramenki was opened on 16 March 2017.[3] The terminus Rasskazovka, about 5 km from Vnukovo International Airport.

A future possible extension will take the line toward Vnukovo International Airport.[4] Any such an extension would come 2022.[5]

City center[edit]

The gap between Delovoy Tsentr and Tretyakovskaya is planned to be connected via the city center after 2023.[6]

The planned stations on this route are (from east to west):[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Московский метрополитен прощается с "Деловым центром" до… открытия нового "Делового центра"" (in Russian). Transport V Rossii. 2018-02-21.
  2. ^ "Большая кольцевая линия Московского метрополитена" (in Russian). TASS. 2018-02-26.
  3. ^ "В Москве открыли три новые станции метро" (in Russian). Interfax. 16 March 2017. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  4. ^ Желтая ветка метро в перспективе может дойти до Внуково
  5. ^ «Российская газета»: 2 миллиона москвичей ждут (В столице в 2017 году построят самую длинную ветку подземки)
  6. ^ a b "Перспективы развития." Moscow Metro. Retrieved 2 Oct 2017.

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata