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"Kalinka" (Russian: Калинка) is a Russian song written in 1860 by the composer and folklorist Ivan Larionov and first performed in Saratov as part of a theatrical entertainment that he had composed. Soon it was added to the repertory of a folk choral group.
The refrain of the song refers to the kalinka, which is the snowball tree (Viburnum opulus). It has a speedy tempo and light-hearted lyrics. The main refrain (Kalinka, Kalinka ...) increases in tempo each time it is sung. One of the best-known singers of this song was Evgeny Belyaev (1926–1994).
Калинка, калинка, калинка моя!
Ах, под сосною, под зеленою,
Kalinka, kalinka, kalinka moya!
Akh, pod sosnoyu, pod zelenoyu,
Little red berry, red berry, red berry of mine!
Ah, under the pine, the green one,
Recordings and cultural influence
It appeared in the 1953 film Tonight We Sing, performed by Italian-American operatic bass and actor Ezio Pinza. The film was a semi-biography of Russian bass Feodor Chaliapin who famously sang and, during the early days of recording, recorded the song for HMV/Victor. Pinza's recording was included on the 10-inch LP soundtrack album release of the same year, coincidentally from RCA Victor.
In 1962 it was sung in the Hollywood movie Taras Bulba, a movie based on Nikolai Gogol's novel, set in 16th century Ukraine, starring Yul Brynner and Tony Curtis, although the lyrics were completely altered to fit the scene.
In Atari's 1988 version of Tetris, Kalinka is featured as one of its theme songs; however, it is labelled "KARINKA" in the NES version. Since then, Kalinka has often been included in licensed Tetris games, alongside Korobeiniki and Troika, the former of which is now commonly known as "the Tetris theme".
In 2003, Roman Abramovich bought Chelsea FC. Since then, "Kalinka" is often played before or after important matches, including the Champions League clashes with FC Barcelona and the League Cup final.
The same balalaika version of "Kalinka" from Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2 can also be heard in the record shop, at the map "Terminal", in the game Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3, released by Activision in 2011.
In the 2013, Season 2 episode, "A Father's Love", of the American sitcom New Girl, Nick's con-man father involves Jess and Nick in a scheme with Russian horse sperm dealers. A nervous Nick begins to sweat profusely when he meets the intimidating dealers. To prove that he is not a cop wearing a wire, the men force Nick to remove his clothes and dance while they mockingly clap rhythmically and sing Kalinka.
In the video game Civilization VI, released in 2016, "Kalinka" is the theme of the Russian civilization, played when the civilization is present in a game. As the player progresses throughout the different civilization eras, additional complexity and layers are added.
"Kalinka" has been played during the closing ceremony of the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia by Russian soprano singer Aida Garifullina, featuring the famous former football player Ronaldinho.
The arrangement of Kalinka which is traditionally performed by the Alexandrov Ensemble turned the frivolous song into an operatic aria. The first ensemble soloist to perform this was Pyotr Tverdokhlebov, but the first to earn the title of Mr Kalinka was Victor Ivanovich Nikitin at the Berlin peace concert of August 1948, where he sang three encores of the song. The title is unofficial and awarded by the audience and journalists present at successful Ensemble concerts where Kalinka earns numerous encores. A definitive recording of Kalinka was made in 1963 at the Abbey Road Studios, London by the lyric tenor Evgeny Belyaev, with the Alexandrov Ensemble, under the direction of Boris Alexandrovich Alexandrov. Belyaev earned the Mr Kalinka title at the London concerts of 1956 and 1963. Since then there have been several Mr Kalinkas, including Vasily Ivanovich Shtefutsa and Vadim Petrovich Ananyev.
- "Печать неизмеримой самобытности".
- Note: "Cranberry" is not really a translation of the word "Kalinka"
- AllMusic, "Kalinka (Little Snowfall)"
- Listen2Russian, "Kalinka (Калинка)", archived from the original on 2011-04-10, retrieved 2015-07-31
- AudioSparx.com. "Hockey Organ Plays 02 by Vance Audiotronics".
- "Bharadwaj offers variety in 7 Khoon Maaf album". Sify. 29 January 2011. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
- "Vlad sings Kalinka for (almost) 10 minutes". 21 July 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2019 – via YouTube.
- Karmindooo (3 December 2015). "Tachanka - Kalinka". Retrieved 3 December 2018 – via YouTube.
- Civtv (20 October 2016). "Civ6 Russia Peter Theme music Full". Retrieved 3 December 2018 – via YouTube.
- "Пастораль над руинами. Германский тур Александров-ансамбля", Анатолий КОМПАНИЕЦ, The newspaper "Culture": Pastoral over the Ruins, by Anatoly Kompaniets, April 27, 2000 (in Russian)
- Recorded on the CD Kalinka
- Translated RUVR Voice of Russia: Alexandrov Ensemble Archived 2009-11-02 at the Wayback Machine
- Rg.ru webpage: interview with Ensemble director Leonid Maleev, by Yadviga Yuferova, 2007 In Russian
- Сергей Сергиевский. "Печать неизмеримой самобытности", Независимая газета, 26.11.1999
- Russian folk song and dance Kalinka, at Barynya
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