|Population||Approximately 8,000 (as of 2012)|
|City||Akaky Kaliti, a subcity within Addis Ababa, the capital|
Kaliti Prison (also spelt Kality Prison, Kilinto Prison or Qilinto Prison) in Addis Ababa is one of the several federal prisons of Ethiopia. Commonly referred to as a gulag, it serves as the main prison of the country. It is 11 km south of central Addis Ababa, in Akaky Kaliti, the southernmost subcity of the nation's capital.
The original prison compound is a makeshift structure that was built after 1991 when the Derg regime fell and was not intended as a prison. Most of the structures built by 2004 had been built by prisoners by their own means and with help from NGOs.
Part of the prison consists of sheet-metal shacks arranged in a dense maze.
Around 2012, the prison held approximately 8,000 inmates. A 2009 Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) report described overcrowding in the prison with hundreds of inmates being held in single, poorly ventilated cells. They reported that individuals were exposed to tuberculosis, fleas, lice, that there was a lack of sanitation, that water for drinking and washing was insufficient, that inmates had to sleep on cold, concrete floors, and that access to medical care was nearly absent. They also reported that "complaints against all these human rights violations being severely punishable". Personnel at the prison are known to have tortured inmates.
A fire broke out on 3 September 2016 and continued on until the next day. Prisoners attempted to escape during the chaos, and gunshots were heard. Two prisoners were claimed to have been killed trying to escape, while 21 other inmates were said to have perished from "stampede and suffocation". At least 23 people were killed in total. The fire comes during the deadly nationwide 2016 Ethiopian protests, and may be related.
- Lammi Begna, an Oromo human right activist and student leader, he was sentenced to 15 years of imprisonment. He was released in October 2013 after completing his terms of prison without parole.
- Aslii Oromo, an OLF army commander and the first female prisoner in history to receive death penalty. She was released from prison after 18 years of incarceration.
- Siye Abraha, a leader of the Tigrayan People's Liberation Front, spent six years at Kaliti and was released in 2007.
- Teddy Afro, aka Tewodros Kassahun, an Ethiopian singer
- Reeyot Alemu, Ethiopian journalist
- Andualem Aragie, Vice President and Press Secretary for the Unity for Democracy and Justice party
- Tesfahun Chemeda, Oromo rights advocate, died in Kaliti
- Temesgen Desalegn, Ethiopian journalist
- Serkalem Fasil, Ethiopian journalist
- Befeqadu Hailu, Ethiopian writer, activist, blogger, and member of the Zone 9 bloggers
- Birtukan Mideksa is an Ethiopian politician, former judge, founder and leader of Unity for Democracy and Justice, the opposition party. She was held in a cell measuring 2 x 3 metres that she shared with two others.
- Berhanu Nega, Economics professor and politician
- Eskinder Nega, Ethiopian journalist and blogger
- Martin Schibbye, a Swedish journalist who spent 438 days there with photographer Johan Persson
- Hailu Shawul, Ethiopian engineer and chairman of the Coalition for Unity and Democracy
- Woubshet Taye, Ethiopian journalist
- Asaminew Tsige, retired Brigadier-General in the Ethiopian Air Force
- Mesfin Woldemariam, Ethiopian academician and peace activist
- Merera Gudina, Oromo human right activist, released in January 2018
A: Main entrance
B: Administration, office
C: Administration, office, warden's office, meeting place for close relatives and the embassy
D: Monitored meeting rooms for lawyers and prisoners
E: Injera bakery
F: Workshop and vocational school
G: High school
H: Visiting area
I: Soccer field
1: Washing place for clothes
3: Table for carambole under a roof
4: Cement field
9: Orthodox church
11: Tailor's shop
13: Protestant church
14: Economic committee's office
16: Prisoner committee's administration
17: Disciplinary committee's officer and punishment room
18: Prisoner committee's room for speakers and music
19: Prisoner committee's office for counseling
20: Office for the zone police officers
21: Library and classroom
- "438 Days Imprisoned in Ethiopia: Journalist Recounts Facing Arrest, Mock Execution & Terror Charges". Democracy Now!.
- "Thousands of Muslims in Ethiopia visit their representatives in Kaliti". awrambatimes.com.
- Chirwa, Vera M. (15–29 March 2004). Report of the Mission of the Special Rapporteur on Prisons and Conditions of Detention in Africa to the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (PDF). African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. p. 12–13.
- Nancy Macdonald. "Beloved, and behind bars". Macleans.ca.
- Simona Foltyn (20 April 2015). "Ethiopian bloggers on trial in case seen as crackdown on free expression". Washington Post.
- [dead link]
- "438 Days Imprisoned in Ethiopia: Journalist Recounts Facing Arrest, Mock Execution & Terror Charges"., an interview with Martin Schibbye at Democracy Now!
- "Ethiopia fire kills 23 at prison 'holding Oromo protesters'". BBC. 5 September 2016. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
- Atsbeha, Michael (5 September 2016). "23 die in Ethiopia prison fire over weekend, government says". WTOP. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
- "Partial list of Political prisoners from Kaliti, Kilinito, Maikelawi and Zuway Prisons of Ethiopia". Satenaw-Latest Ethiopian News & Breaking News.
- "Tewodros Kassahun aka Teddy Afro sets for first major concert in Addis Ababa Stadium". ethiogrio.com.
- "Oromo rights activist dies in Kaliti jail". addisvoice.com.
- "Befeqadu Hailu - THE ETHIOPIA OBSERVATORY". ethiopiaobservatory.com.
- "Eskinder Nega's letter from Kaliti Prison". debirhan.com.
- "Swedish journalist Martin Schibbye's personal story of life in Addis Ababa's notorious Kaliti prison". ayyaantuu.com. Archived from the original on 2014-07-02.
- "Kaliti Prison: An eye-witness account". ethiomedia.com.
- "438 Days Imprisoned in Ethiopia: Journalist Recounts Facing Arrest, Mock Execution & Terror Charges". zehabesha.com.
- "Ethiopia: Jailed hero journalist Woubshet Taye off to Zeway death camp". Ethiopia News and Politics.
- "Ethiopia: Torturing and ethnic slur on Amhara prisoners". Ethiopia News and Politics.
- "2013 list of political prisoners held at Kaliti" (PDF). Oromoliberationfront.org. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- Images of Kaliti Prison:
- The Kality Foundation, formed to offer financial help to reporters and photographers who are held in prison
- List of political prisoners at Kaliti
- Another list of political prisoners at Kaliti
- Censorship in Ethiopia - IFEX
- 2012 Annual Report, by Amnesty International
- Freedom in the World 2012 Report, by Freedom House
- World Report 2012, by Human Rights Watch
- Ethiopia after Meles: Democracy and Human Rights: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, First Session, June 20, 2013