Kalka, South Australia
|Population||114 (2006 census)|
|Elevation||598 m (1,962 ft)|
|Location||700 km (435 mi) by road southwest of Alice Springs|
|LGA(s)||Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara|
Kalka is an Aboriginal community in the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Lands in South Australia administered under the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Land Rights Act. At the 2006 census, Kalka had a population of 114.
Kalka is situated in the far northwest of South Australia, right alongside the Gunbarrel Highway. The Kalka community is just kilometres from the Surveyor-General's Corner (the intersection of the South Australia, Western Australia and Northern Territory borders). The community of Pipalyatjara is situated 15 kilometres away by road, on the south side of the mountain ridge of which Kalka sits on the north. Kalka is situated at the foot of the Tomkinson Ranges.
Based upon the climate records of the Giles Weather Station which is across the border and slightly to the northwest in Western Australia, Kalka experiences summer maximum temperatures of an average of 37.2 degrees Celsius in January and a winter maximum average temperature of 19.9 degrees Celsius in July. Overnight lows range from a mean minimum temperature of 23.5 degrees in January to 6.8 degrees in June.
Annual rainfall averages 284.2 millimetres.
According to local media, Kalka's population is approximately 150 people.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics' 2001 Census indicated a total population of 139, with 90.6% being Indigenous Australians. The residents are mainly Anangu people with a small non-Anangu population.
PY Media reports:
Kalka Community is the administrative and residential centre for Pitjantjatjara Homelands Council. PHC is an incorporated Aboriginal organisation that exists to further the social, economic, political and cultural interests of its members. PHC was born out of the Aboriginal homelands movement of the 1970s when Anangu left the missions and government settlements to the east and west and returned to their traditional country. Many Anangu had been brought into or were attracted into these settlements during the 1950s and 1960s when the Australian Government ran the Maralinga atomic bomb tests and Woomera rocket tests. Kalka was originally planned as a resource centre for surrounding homelands but by the early 1990s it had developed into a small Aboriginal community with the full range of housing, infrastructure and service needs.
Kalka Community has an unsealed airstrip. None of the roads within the community are sealed, though work to seal the roads was scheduled for completion by mid-2007.
A fortnightly truck brings fresh, frozen and dry groceries and other freight to the community.
There is no school or health clinic at Kalka, both services of which are supplied from nearby Pipalyatjara.
A Technical and Further Education (TAFE) facility provides education on running a store or office, computer and Internet use. The TAFE also assists students in getting their driver's licence.
The Kalka community also has a small community store (said to be the only Anangu-run store on the APY Lands), a craft facility, children's playground, basketball court, administrative office and mechanic garage.
The South Australian Department for Aboriginal Affairs and Reconciliation (DAARE) provide many essesntial services.
Essential services support comes via Pipalyatjara.
Kalka does not have a permanent police presence. South Australian police are based at Marla and run patrols in the area. Unlike other communities on the APY Lands, no community constable is based at Kalka.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Kalka (Indigenous Location)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
- Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology data
- PY Media's Waru page
- ABS 2001 Census Data (Excel spreadsheet)
- PYU Media Waru page;
- South Australian Department of Premier and Cabinet, APY Lands Progress Report, February 2007 (Adobe Acrobat PDF document)
- SA Police Association