Kalleshvara Temple, Bagali

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kalleshwara Temple
ಕಲ್ಲೇಶ್ವರ ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನ ಬಗಲಿ
Village
Kalleshvara temple (987 AD) at Bagali in Davangere district
Kalleshvara temple (987 AD) at Bagali in Davangere district
Kalleshwara Temple is located in Karnataka
Kalleshwara Temple
Kalleshwara Temple
Coordinates: 14°50′38″N 75°58′58″E / 14.84389°N 75.98278°E / 14.84389; 75.98278Coordinates: 14°50′38″N 75°58′58″E / 14.84389°N 75.98278°E / 14.84389; 75.98278
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Davanagere district
Taluk Harpanahalli
Lok Sabha Constituency Davanagere
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

The Kalleshvara temple (also spelt Kallesvara or Kalleshwara) (Kannada: ಕಲ್ಲೇಶ್ವರ ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನ, ಬಗಲಿ )is located in the town of Bagali (called Balgali in ancient inscriptions) in the Davangere district of Karnataka state, India.

Kalleshwara Temple[edit]

The construction of the temple spans the rule of two Kannada dynasties: the Rashtrakuta Dynasty during the mid-10th century, and the Western Chalukya Empire, during the reign of founding King Tailapa II (also called Ahava Malla) around 987 A.D. (the dynasty is also called Later or Kalyani Chalukya). The consecration of the temple was done by an individual called Duggimayya.[1][2] Art historian Adam Hardy classifies the architectural style of the temple as "Late Rashtrakuta vimana (shrine and tower) with erotic carvings, and a closed mantapa (hall), fronted by a Later Chalukya non-mainstream open mantapa, the building material for which is soapstone". The existing tower over the shrine may be a later day re-construction.[2] The temple, whose premises have yielded thirty-six old Kannada inscriptions (danashasana, lit, describing donations) from the 10th and 11th centuries, is protected as a monument of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India.[1][3]

Temple plan and decoration[edit]

A view of the ornate open hall facing the Nandi (bull) in the east in Kalleshvara temple at Bagali
View of mantapa facing a minor shrine in the Kalleshvara Temple at Bagali

The temple plan comprises a main shrine for the Hindu god Shiva with a sanctum (cella or garbhagriha) facing east, a vestibule (antechamber or antarala), a main closed hall (mahamantapa) with an entrance in the south and east. These structures are attributed to the 10th century Rashtrakuta rule. The closed hall is preceded by a large, open gathering hall (sabhamandapa) with fifty highly ornate lathe turned pillars that support a decorative ceiling. Also provided are a shrine for the Sun god Surya with a hall (mukhamandapa) facing the east-west orientation, and a small shrine for the deity Narasimha (a form of the Hindu god Vishnu) in the north of the gathering hall. These constructions are ascribed to the Western Chalukya rule.[1][2] In all, there are eight small shrines built around the main shrine. Of the fifty pillars, twenty four pillars are located over the platform (jagati) provided with a balcony seating (kakshasana). The door ways (doorjamb and lintel) of the eastern doorway that faces the Nandi (bull, a companion of the Hindu god Shiva), and the southern doorway that forms an entry into the close hall are intricately decorated. A few independent sculptures from the late Chalukyan period are found in the closed hall. These include Shiva, Umamahesvara (Shiva with his consort Parvati), Ganesha, Kartikeya, Surya, Anantasayana (the god Vishnu seated on a snake), Sarasvati and Mahishamardini (a form of the goddess Durga).[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Kallesvara Temple". Archaeological Survey of India, Bengaluru Circle. ASI Bengaluru Circle. Retrieved 15 July 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Hardy (1995), p 323
  3. ^ "Alphabetical List of Monuments - Karnataka -Bangalore, Bangalore Circle, Karnataka". Archaeological Survey of India, Government of India. Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts. Retrieved 15 July 2012. 

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]