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Kallima inachus1.jpg
Kallima inachus, showing the leaf-like appearance of the closed wings, which is typical of the genus.
Indian Leaf butterfly (Kallima paralekta) 2.jpg
Kallima paralekta, male showing the brilliant colors of the upper surfaces of the wings.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Genus: Kallima
Doubleday, 1849
Type species
Paphia paralekta
Horsfield, [1829]

See text

Kallima, known as the oakleaf or oak leaf butterflies, is a genus of butterflies of the subfamily Nymphalinae in the family Nymphalidae. They are found in east, south and southeast Asia. Their common name is a reference to the rear surface of their wings, which is various shades of brown. When the wings are held closed, this results in a remarkable similarity to a dead leaf, further emphasized by their wing shape.


This genus has traditionally also included a number of African species, but they are now usually placed in Kallimoides, Junonia (alternatively in Kamilla) and Mallika. The following species are currently members of the genus Kallima:[1][2]



  1. ^ Kalima. funet.fi
  2. ^ Takashi Shirôzu & Akinori Nakanishi (1984). "A revision of the genus Kallima Doubleday (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae)". Tyô to Ga. 34 (3): 97–110. 
  3. ^ Valappil, B. and K. Saji. 2015. Kallima horsfieldii Kollar, 1844 – Blue Oakleaf. Kunte, K., P. Roy, S. Kalesh and U. Kodandaramaiah (eds.). Butterflies of India, v. 2.20. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.http://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/sp/553/Kallima-horsfieldii