Kallio Church

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kallio Church
Finnish: Kallion kirkko
Swedish: Berghälls kyrka
Kallio church, Helsinki 2004-06.jpg
Kallio Church.
LocationKallio, Helsinki
CountryFinland
DenominationLutheran
History
Statusactive
Architecture
Architect(s)Lars Sonck
Architectural typeNational Romanticism, Art Nouveau
GroundbreakingJuly 13, 1908
Completed1912 (1912)
Specifications
Capacity1100
Administration
ParishKallio
DioceseDiocese of Helsinki

Kallio Church (Finnish: Kallion kirkko, Swedish: Berghälls kyrka) is a Lutheran church in the Kallio district of Helsinki, Finland. It was designed by Lars Sonck and represents National Romanticism with Art Nouveau influences. The National Romantic style manifests itself in the use of traditional Finnish materials and in the massive body of the church, as well as in nature-inspired colours and decorative motifs. The grey granite church, completed in 1912, is one of Helsinki's most readily identifiable landmarks.[1]

Kallio church is a popular venue for concerts, especially organ music, thanks to its acoustics.

History[edit]

Kallio church was built between 1908 and 1912. The foundation stone was laid on July 13, 1908, and the church was inaugurated by Bishop Herman Råbergh on September 1, 1912.

In 1917, the very point at which Finland was gaining its independence, the Tolstoyan movement adopted the church as their base and preached their message of peace there. During the Second World War there was an air surveillance station in the church tower. Until the 1970s the tower served as a trig point for land surveying.

The interior of Kallio Church in Helsinki.

Description[edit]

The church has a height of 65 metres, and its cross is 94 metres above sea level. The Estonian coastline can be seen from the tower. The church is on a hill, and it forms the northern end point of a 2.5 km long street axis made up of three streets, Kopernikuksenkatu, Siltasaarenkatu, and Unioninkatu.[1]

Kallio church is a hall church with a transept. The load-bearing walls are built of red bricks and clad in Finnish granite. There is seating for 1.100 worshippers.

The interior of the church is decorated with Christian symbols such as roses, lilies, palm branches, laurel crowns and pearls to pass on the message of the Gospels. There are also Art Nouveau murals inside the church. The altarpiece is a wooden relief ‘Tulkaa minun tyköni’ (‘Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened’) by Hannes Autere, carved in 1956. In the vestibule of the church and in the organ galleries there are four plaster reliefs from Sigrid af Forselles’ five-part series Ihmissielun kehitys (‘Development of the human soul’). In the sacristy there’s a painting by Verner Thomé, depicting Jesus healing a blind man.

Paavo Tynell designed the massive brass lamps in 1932. The church textiles currently in use are designed by Raija Rastas.

There are seven German bronze bells in the granite tower of the church. Each day at noon and at 6 pm, the chorale (op.65b)[2] by Jean Sibelius, composed expressly for Kallio church, is played on four of the bells. The three largest bells ring to announce church services.

Pipe organs[edit]

Kallio church is the only church in Finland to have both a Baroque organ and a French organ from the Romantic period. The French organ by the Swedish organ maker Åkerman & Lund was made in 1995, and it serves as the main organ of the church. The smaller Baroque organ was built in Kangasala, Finland in 1987.

Columbarium[edit]

A columbarium under the church was completed in 1991. There is room for around 2500 urns at a time, and the urns can be kept in the columbarium for a fixed period. After that, they can be concealed in a sepulchre, also situated under the church. The columbarium can only be visited when an urn is taken there.

Visitors can bring flowers or light candles by the memorial for the departed, which can be found on the back wall of the church, beside the main entrance.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "index.html". www.unioninakseli.fi. Retrieved 2018-02-19.
  2. ^ "Kalliossa kajahtaa joka päivä Sibelius" (in Finnish). Retrieved 2018-02-19.

See also[edit]