Kallistos Ware

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Kallistos Ware
Metropolitan of Diokleia (in Phrygia)
Kallistos Ware, Oakland, CA, 2008.jpg
ChurchEastern Orthodox Church
ArchdioceseArchdiocese of Thyateira and Great Britain
MetropolisDiokleia in Phrygia (titular)
Ordination1966 (as priest and monk)
Consecration1982 (as bishop); 2007 (as metropolitan)
Personal details
Birth nameTimothy Richard Ware
Born (1934-09-11) 11 September 1934 (age 87)
Bath, Somerset, England
DenominationEastern Orthodox
EducationWestminster School
Magdalen College, Oxford

Kallistos Ware (born Timothy Richard Ware, 11 September 1934) is an English bishop and theologian of the Eastern Orthodox Church. Since 1982, he has held the titular bishopric of Diokleia in Phrygia (Greek: Διόκλεια Φρυγίας), later made a titular metropolitan bishopric in 2007, under the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. He is one of the best-known contemporary Eastern Orthodox hierarchs and theologians. From 1966 to 2001, he was Spalding Lecturer of Eastern Orthodox Studies at the University of Oxford.[1]

Early life and ordination[edit]

Born Timothy Richard Ware in 1934 to an Anglican family in Bath, Somerset, England, he was educated at Westminster School in London (to which he had won a King's Scholarship) and Magdalen College, Oxford, where he took a double first in classics as well as reading theology. On 14 April 1958, at the age of 24, he embraced the Orthodox Christian faith. He describes his first contacts with Orthodoxy and the growing attraction of the Orthodox Church in an autobiographical text entitled "My Journey to the Orthodox Church". While still a layman, he spent six months in Canada at a monastery of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad.[2] Thoroughly conversant in modern Greek, Ware became an Orthodox monk at the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian in Patmos, Greece. He also frequented other major centres of Orthodoxy such as Jerusalem and Mount Athos. In 1966 he was ordained to the priesthood within the Ecumenical Patriarchate and was tonsured as a monk, receiving the name "Kállistos".[3]

Professional and ecclesiastical life[edit]

In 1966, Ware became Spalding Lecturer at the University of Oxford in Eastern Orthodox studies, a position he held for 35 years until his retirement.[4] In 1970, he was appointed to a fellowship at Pembroke College, Oxford. In 1982 he was consecrated to the episcopate as an auxiliary bishop with the title Bishop of Diokleia (in Phrygia) in the Archdiocese of Thyateira and Great Britain of the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Following his consecration, Ware continued to teach at the University of Oxford and served in the Greek Orthodox parish in Oxford. On 30 March 2007, the Holy Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate elevated the Diocese of Diokleia in Phrygia to a titular metropolitan diocese and Ware to the rank of metropolitan.[5]

Since his retirement in 2001, Ware has continued to publish and to give lectures on Orthodox Christianity. He served as chairman of the board of directors of the Institute for Orthodox Christian Studies in Cambridge, and is chairman of the Friends of Orthodoxy on Iona (Scotland) and of the Friends of Mount Athos.


In 2017, Ware was awarded the Lambeth Cross for Ecumenism by the Archbishop of Canterbury "for his outstanding contribution to Anglican-Orthodox theological dialogue".[6]


Ware is a prolific author and lecturer. He has authored or edited over a dozen books, numerous articles in a wide range of periodicals, essays in books on many subjects, as well as providing prefaces, forwards or introductions to many other books. He is perhaps best known as the author of the book The Orthodox Church, published when he was a layman in 1963 and subsequently revised several times.[7] In 1979 he produced a companion volume, The Orthodox Way. He has collaborated in the translation and publication of major Orthodox ascetic and liturgical texts. Together with G. E. H. Palmer and Philip Sherrard, he translated the Philokalia (four volumes of five published as of 2018); and with Mother Mary he produced the Lenten Triodion and Festal Menaion. St Vladimir's Seminary Press published a Festschrift in his honour in 2003: Abba, The Tradition of Orthodoxy in the West, Festschrift for Bishop Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia, eds. John Behr, Andrew Louth, Dimitri Conomos (New York: SVS Press, 2003).[4]


  • The Orthodox Church (1st ed. Pelican, 1963; 2nd ed. Penguin, 1993 ISBN 0-14-014656-3); 3rd. ed., Penguin, 2015 ISBN 978-0141980638).
  • Eustratios Argenti: A Study of the Greek Church under Turkish Rule (Clarendon, 1964, ASIN B0006BMI94; reprint with a new Introction, Wipf and Stock, 2013 ISBN 978-1625640826)).
  • The Festal Menaion (translated with Mother Mary) (Faber & Faber, 1977 ISBN 978-1878997005)).
  • (Editor with Colin Davey), Anglican–Orthodox Dialogue: The Moscow Statement Agreed by the Anglican–Orthodox Joint Doctrinal Commission 1976 (London: SPCK, 1977 ISBN 978-0281029921)).
  • The Lenten Triodion (translated with Mother Mary) (Faber and Faber 1978; St. Tikhon's Seminary Press, 2002 ISBN 1-878997-51-3).
  • The Philokalia: The Complete Text (translated with G. E. H. Palmer and Philip Sherrard. London: Faber and Faber. Vol. 1, 1979 ISBN 0-571-11377-X; Vol. 2, 1982 ISBN 0-571-15466-2; Vol. 3, 1986 ISBN 0-571-17525-2; Vol. 4, 1999 ISBN 0-571-19382-X.
  • The Orthodox Way (Mowbray, 1979 ISBN 0-264-66578-3).
  • Communion and Intercommunion: A Study of Communion and Intercommunion Based on the Theology and Practice of the Orthodox Church (Light & Life, 1980; rev.ed. 2002 ISBN 0-937032-20-4).
  • The Power of the Name - The Jesus Prayer in Orthodox Spirituality (SLG Press, 1982 ISBN 978-0551016903).
  • Praying with Orthodox Tradition (Abingdon, 1990 ISBN 0-281-04431-7).
  • How Are We Saved?: The Understanding of Salvation in the Orthodox Tradition (Light & Life, 1996 ISBN 1-880971-22-4).
  • The Ordination of Women in the Orthodox Church (with Elisabeth Behr-Sigel)(Geneva: WCC Publications, 2000 ISBN 978-2825413364).
  • The Inner Kingdom: Collected Works, Vol. 1 (St Vladimir's Seminary Press, 2000 ISBN 0-88141-209-0).
  • Orthodox Theology in the Twenty-First Century (Geneva: World Council of Churches, 2012 ISBN 978-2825415719).

Selected articles[edit]

  • "Review of Panagiotis N. Trembelas, Dogmatique de l’Église orthodoxe,Eastern Churches Review 3, 4 (1971), 477–480.
  • "God Hidden and Revealed: The Apophatic Way and the Essence-Energies Distinction", Eastern Churches Review 7 (1975).
  • "The Debate about Palamism", Eastern Churches Review 9 (1977).
  • "Wolves and Monks: Life on the Holy Mountain Today", Sobornost 5, 2 (1983).
  • "Athos after Ten Years: The Good News and the Bad", Sobornost 15, 1 (1993).
  • "Through Creation to the Creator", Third Marco Pallis Memorial Lecture, Ecotheology, 2 (London: Friends of the centre, 1996) <www.incommunion.org/2004/12/11/through-creation-to-the-creator> (12.03.2011).
  • "Dare We Hope for the Salvation of All?” Theology Digest, 45.4 (1998). Reprinted in The Inner Kingdom (Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 2001).
  • "Man, Woman and the Priesthood of Christ", in Thomas Hopko, ed., Women and the Priesthood (Crestwood, NY: St Vladimir's Seminary Press, revised edition, 1999).
  • "God Immanent yet Transcendent: The Divine Energies according to Saint Gregory Palamas" in Philip Clayton and Arthur Peacocke, eds., In Whom We Live and Move and Have Our Being: Panentheistic Reflections on God's Presence in a Scientific World (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2004) (ISBN 978-0-8028-0978-0).
  • "Sobornost and Eucharistic Ecclesiology: Aleksei Khomiakov and His Successors", International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church 11, 2-3 (2011).
  • "Orthodox Theology Today: Trends and Tasks", International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church 12, 2 (2012).

Videos (selection)[edit]

"The Present and Future of Orthodox Theology" (New York, St. Vladimir's Orthodox Seminary, 8 September 2011)[8]


External links[edit]