Kalna Temple Complex
The Temple City
|• Body||Kalna Municipality|
|• MLA||Biswajit Kundu|
|• Total||6.9 km2 (2.7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||11 m (36 ft)|
|• Density||8,221/km2 (21,290/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Sex ratio||961 ♀/1000♂|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bardhaman Purba|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Kalna|
Best Kalna or Ambika Kalna is a city and a municipality in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the headquarters of the Kalna subdivision. It is situated on the western bank of the Bhāgirathi. The city is more popularly known as Ambika Kalna, named after a very popular deity, Goddess Kali, Maa Ambika. It has numerous historical monuments such as the Rajbari (the palace) and the 108 Shiva temples. The city of Kalna, is 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Bardhaman, the district headquarters.
"Ambika Kalna" Located on the west bank of the Bhagirathi, a distributary of the Ganges, Ambika Kalna or popularly known as Kalna, a sup-divisional town, a municipality in Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal, is a small unit of larger multi dimensional background in Indian History. The first reference to Ambika Kalna is found in a 6th century text name Kubjika Tantra.
According to General Alexander Cunningham, the founder of the Archaeological Survey of India, Ambika Kalna was a frontier city of the Tamralipta Kingdom in 7th century AD. During the reign of Shashanka in 7th century, a hyper naval-base was founded at Kalna. Kalna houses the only chaitannya temple built in Sri Chaitannya's life time. It is the renowned abode of pilgrimage for the Baisnabites. It was a celebrated place during the Muhamedan rule in the 15th century.https://www.tatobhumiprakashani.in/2019/11/historyAmbikaKalna.html
It reached its pinnacle of glory during the late 18th century under the patronage of the Maharajas of Bardhaman, who built several magnificent temples with intricate terracotta ornamentation.
Every edifice in Ambika Kalna oozes history. It bears the testimony to the diversity of India's enriched cultural and religious heritage.
|Cities and towns in the Kalna subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district|
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre. H: historical/ religious place.
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly
Kalna is located at  It has an average elevation of 11 metres (36 ft)..
The town can be accessed by rail or road or river. By rail it is connected on the loop line route from Howrah towards Katwa. Ambika Kalna, 81 km from Howrah, is the main railway station. There are several local trains as well as express trains on the route and almost all of them stop at the Ambika Kalna rail station. By road, the town can be accessed from Krishnanagar, Katwa, Bandel, Pandua, Boinchi, Memari and Barddhaman.
Though part of the Burdwan district of West Bengal, it is located near the border with Nadia and Hooghly District, and is very near to the pilgrimage place called Nabadwip and Mayapur, known for the centre of ISKCON.
As per the 2011 Census of India Kalna had a total population of 56,722, of which 28,793 (51%) were males and 27,929 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 4,557. The total number of literates in Kalna was 45,403 (80.04% of the population over 6 years).
As of 2001[update] India census, Kalna had a population of 52,176. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Kalna has an average literacy rate of 84.4%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 90.1%, and female literacy is 78.4%. In Kalna, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Steady flow of refugees from East Pakistan swelled the population of the area in the fifties.
Hinduism is majority religion in kalna with 94.75% followers. Islam is second most popular religion in kalna with approximately 4.88% following it. In kalna,Most of the Muslim population situated in jabari para. Christinity is followed by 0.12%, Jainism by 0.01%, Sikhism by 0.02% and Buddhism by 0.07% formally they came from assam and Bangladesh. Around 0.15% stated No Particular Religion.
Popularised by the sage Bhaba Pagla, the temple of Debi Bhabani holds a special puja on the last Saturday of the Bengali month of Baisakh. Close to it is Sri Gauranga Mandir. The temple complex houses Sri Chaitanya's manuscripts and personal belongings. A major landmark is the Siddheshwari Temple. It is dedicated to Debi Ambika, and it is after her that Kalna is also known as Ambika Kalna.The temple is nearly 800 years old.
A major attraction is the Nava Kailash or
108 Shiv Mandirs. Built in 1809, the temples are constructed in two circles. One consists of 74 temples while the other circle has 34. The former has white marble and black stone shivlingas, while the latter has only white marble ones. Due to its ingenious planning, all the shivlingas can be seen from the centre of the temple complex.
The Krishna Chandra Mandir (A.D. 1751-1752), with its 25 steeples, is another popular landmark. Scenes from the epics are depicted on its terracotta walls. Doors remain closed from 1 p.m. to 4 p.m.Worthwhile mentioning are also Lalji Mandir (A.D.1739) with 25 steeples and Pratapeshvara Mandir (A.D.1849)of the rekha style.This temple has magnificent terracotta designs.
Maijir Bari was established in 1752 A.D and has the Shyamchand Radharani Mondir. It has preserved a tradition of nearly 300 years and even today festivals like Dol Purnima, Rath yatra, Jhulan Purnima, Annakot and Rash are celebrated every year involving the people of the region irrespective of caste, creed or religion.
Projapoti Bari is also quite well known. This landmark house has a huge butterfly emblem on top. Hemanta Banerjee who inherited the house from his father also owned Sur-O-Sathi. Apurba Banerjee, brother of Hemanta Banerjee, started Kali puja in 1947.
Gopalbari Mandir consisting of 25 steeples signifies a perfect sculpture. On the walls of this Temples many Terracotta are ornamented. There is an image of copulation engraved here. A hall adjacent to the Temple for devotional dancing and musical performances was erected. It is an indication of traditional sculpture, located in Bhaduri Para.
In the year 688 A.D, Siddheswari Kali Mandir was established by Rishi-Amburish. First time the Goddess was worshipped through the ritual of earthen-pot (ghatt). The ghatt sticks to a stone winnowing tray. This auspicious image is made of a single Neem log. This image represents the Bamakali Idol. The responsibility of this Goddess was shouldered on the part of -1.Sri Taraprassana Adhikari, 2. Kaliprassana Adhikari and now, the 7th generation persionality Sri Sonatan Adhikari and Gopal Adhikari are the priest of this Temple. Long ago scarifies of human to the altar of the Temple was in vogue. But at present he-goat, sugarcane, gourd etc. instead of human. The Goddess is worshipped during the new moon in the month of Kartik.
Anantabasudev Mandir is situated at Shyamrai Para. It is about 250 years old. His Honour, Maharaj Bahktipromode Puri Goswami had renovated this Temple about 60 years back. Now Maharaj's nephews, nieces and their husband have got the responsibility of looking after it. About 250 years back, his Highness Maharaj of Burdwan founded this Temple.
Buddha Mandir is situated at Bara-Mitra-Para it is the oldest Buddhist temple in ‘Purba Burdwan District’ about 37 years old, a small Theravada Buddhist community (Barua) looking after it. in the temple shrine a six feet tall gold-plated metallic Buddha statue from Thailand and an old marble Buddha statue originating from Burma is the two main attractions.
There is also the famous Tamarind tree, more than 500 years old, below which Sri Chaitanya came and met Nityananda.
In the past Pathuria Mahal Ghat was used for the purpose of Ferry-ghat. Now it has got its identity as an auspicious bathing-ghat in the name of Late Naresh Chandra Kumar, an extraordinary personality and donor of the Bathing-Ghat. It is located at Pathuriyamahal, Kalna.
Recently, Kalna Porjoton Utsab is being organized on every winter (2nd Week of January). Since 2014, the entire Rajbari Temple Complex has been illuminated. Ras Manch is the main attraction there at evening.
Saraswati Puja is a festival of Kalna, which attracts people from all part of the state. Large decorated pandals, illuminated with artistic idols pay homage to Goddess Saraswati.
Another festival of Kalna is Mahishmardini Puja in which people gather from all corners of Kalna Subdivision and even from out side. The puja lasts for 4 days. A fair takes place encircling the religious festival, covering almost half of the area of Kalna. Merry-go-rounds, Toy Train, Puppet Show, and Magic Show are the attractions of the fair.
Kalna College, one of the oldest colleges under the University of Burdwan, is founded in 1943. It is accredited B++ by NAAC. Kalna Polytechnic is established in 2000. Besides, there are several Higher Secondary and Secondary schools. Some reputed schools in Kalna
- Kalna Maharaja's High School
- Ambika Mahishmardini High School
- Hindu Girls' High School
- Mahishmardini Boys Institution
- Mahishmardini Girls' Institution
- Nigamananda High School
- Sasibala Saha High School
- Mayasundari High School
- Gajalaxmi High School
- Acme Academy(ISC Board)
- Holy Child School
- Kalna Polytechnic
- Kalna Primary Teacher's Training Institute
Kalna is famous for rice, food grains, potato and jute production. Agriculture based economy is flourishing here. There are several rice mills and cold storages here. After partition of India, many skilled weavers of Dhaka came and settled in West Bengal around Shantipur in Nadia district and Kalna of Bardhaman district, both traditionally renowned centres for hand-woven fabrics. With government encouragement and support, the talented weavers soon revived their ancestral occupation and the art of exquisite weaving once again flourished. Today, finely woven feather-touch textiles and saris in exotic designs and colours are being produced in the vast weaving belt of Shantipur, Phulia, Samudragarh, Dhatrigram and Ambika Kalna – each centre producing superb fabrics in its own unique weaving style. Kalna is famous for tangails and gorgeous jamdanis. The produce is marketed through co-operatives and various undertakings. Rakhi and Bindi are manufactured at Kalna. In fine it is one sort of cottage industry here. Many people specially women are placed at the cottage industry and earn their living. However the main business related to agriculture. Several banks like SBI, UBI, UCO, ICICI, Axis, HDFC, BOI, OBC Bank of Baroda, Kalna Town Credit Co-operative Bank(KTCCBL). PNB having their branches here at Kalna.
Being situated at the junction of three districts(Bardhaman, Hooghly and Nadia), Kalna has a well-developed transportation network. The main mode of local transport is cycle rikshaw and auto rikshaw. In this year our Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee launched a River bridge project between Kalna to Shantipur.
Though the main railway station of the town is Ambika Kalna railway station, the northern part of the city can also be accessed through Baghnapara railway station. Ambika Kalna is 42 km and Baghnapara is 46 km from Bandel on the Bandel-Katwa Branch Line. There are many local trains (EMU) and a few express and passenger trains from Howrah and Sealdah. From Howrah, it takes around 2 hours to reach Kalna by local trains.
|15959||19:02||Howrah-Dibrugarh Kamrup Express||15960||03:28|
|13465||16:34||Howrah-Malda Town Intercity Express||13466||11:02|
|13141||15:31||Sealdah-New Alipurduar Teesta Torsha Express||13142||02:11|
|13163||22:00||Sealdah-Saharsa Hatey Bazarey Express||13164||04:11|
|53003||23:02||Howrah-Malda Town Fast Passenger||53004||00:35|
Kalna is linked to important cities of South Bengal by road. The main bus stand is situated beside the STKK Road (SH 6). Many private local and long route express buses are available. There is a Govt. bus depot of South Bengal State Transport Corporation(SBSTC). Long distance express buses, connecting various cities(Asansol, Durgapur, Bardhaman, Bankura, Dumka, Digha, Malda, Bishnupur, Balurghat etc.) of West Bengal and Jharkhand, are in service from SBSTC bus depot. Bus services are available for Krishnanagar, Shantipur, Phulia and Ranaghat from Kalna Ghat bus stand on the bank of Bhagirathi River.
Kalna Subdivisional Hospital is a good support to the people belonging to all corners of the Kalna Subdivision. The hospital is established in 1971. It is on the STKK Road spreading over 13.53-acre (54,800 m2) and having total bed capacity of 300. There is a reputed eye hospital(Lions Eye Hospital), veterinary hospital and several nursing homes in the city. Kalna is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by arsenic contamination of ground water.
Temples at Kalna
04.Mahaprabhu Temple 05.Mahismardini Mata temple 06.Nityananda temple (Known as Shyamsunder Mondir) 07. Theravada Buddha Mondir
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kalna
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (in Bengali), Vol I, p. 15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 19
- "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
- "Purba Bardhaman District Police". Police Station. West Bengal Police. Archived from the original on 27 September 2018. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
- "2011 Census - Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (in Bengali), Vol I, p57, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
- "kalna Religion 2011". Retrieved 15 April 2017.
- Railway local time table
- Arsenic contamination
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ambika Kalna.|
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