Kalna I

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kalna I
কালনা I
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Kalna I is located in West Bengal
Kalna I
Kalna I
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°13′00″N 88°22′00″E / 23.21667°N 88.36667°E / 23.21667; 88.36667
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purba Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Bardhaman Purba
Assembly constituency Kalna, Purbasthali Dakshin
Area
 • Total 65.28 sq mi (169.08 km2)
Elevation 39 ft (12 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 206,945
 • Density 3,200/sq mi (1,200/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 713409 (Kalna)
713405 (Dhatrigram)
Telephone/STD code 03454
Vehicle registration WB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate 75.81 per cent
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Kalna I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Kalna subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Kalna is located at 23°13′N 88°22′E / 23.22°N 88.37°E / 23.22; 88.37.

Kalna I CD Block is part of the Bhagirathi basin. The Bhagirathi forms the eastern boundary of the CD Block. The region has many swamps and water-logged areas. The soil is fertile, as it consists mainly of silt deposits.[1]

Kalna I CD Block is bounded by Purbasthali I CD Block on the north, Santipur CD Block, in Nadia district across the Bhagirathi, on the east, Kalna II CD Block on the south and Memari II CD Block on the west.[2][3]

It is located 55 km from Bardhaman, the district headquarters.[2]

Kalna I CD Block has an area of 169.08 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 9 gram panchayats, 154 gram sansads (village councils), 100 mouzas and 98 inhabited villages. Kalna police station serves this block.[4] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Rangapara.[5]

Gram panchayats of Kalna I block/panchayat samiti are: Atghoria-Simlon, Bagnapara, Begpur, Dhatrigram, Hat-Kalna, Kankuria, Krishnadebpur, Nandai and Sultanpur.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Kalna I CD Block had a total population of 206,945, of which 186,138 were rural and 20,807 were urban. There were 105,696 (51%) males and 101,294 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 20,853. Scheduled Castes numbered 59,242 (28.63%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 20,962 (10.13%).[7]

As per 2001 census,Kalna I block had a total population of 190,687, out of which 97,903 were males and 92,784 were females. Kalna I block registered a population growth of 21.40 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[8] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[9]Scheduled castes at 58,225 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 21,222.[10]

Census Towns in Kalna I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Dhatrigram (9,955), Piarinagar (3,678) and Uttar Goara (7,178).[7]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Kalna I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Nandai (8,406), Gramkalna (11,973), Briddhapara (5,525), Radhanagar (5,984), Krishnadebpur (13,665) and Hatkalna (4,196).[7]

Other villages in Kalna I CD Block include (2011census figures in brackets): Atgharia (2,188), Simlon (3,908), Begpur (1,354), Sultanpur (1,304), Kakuria (3,206)[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Kalna I CD Block was 141,069 (75.81% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 78,164 (82.15% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 62,905 (69.14% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 13.01%.[7]

As per 2001 census, Kalna I block had a total literacy of 66.45 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 75.23 per cent female literacy was 57.16 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[11]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

In 2001 Bengali was the mother-tongue of 79.9% of the population of Bardhaman district, Hindi was the mother-tongue of 10.9%, Santali 4.9%, Urdu 2.8%, Bhojpuri 0.1% and Oraon 0.1%. There were other languages spoken by small percentages. However, as of 2017, CD Block-wise/ other region-wise break-up of mother tongue is not available in census/ other official sources.[12]

Religion in Kalna I CD Block
Hindu
  
68.60%
Muslim
  
29.00%
Christian
  
0.12%
Others
  
2.28%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 141,970 and formed 68.60% of the population in Kalna I CD Block. Muslims numbered 60,006 and formed 29.00% of the population. Christians numbered 255 and formed 0.12% of the population. Others numbered 4,714 and formed 2.28% of the population.[13]

In Bardhaman district the percentage of Hindu population has been declining from 84.3% in 1961 to 77.9% in 2011 and the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 15.2% in 1961 to 20.7% in 2011.[14]

Rural poverty[edit]

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Kalna I CD Block was 40.99%.[15]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Kalna I CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 15.15%, agricultural labourers 47.03%, household industry workers 9.34% and other workers 28.48%.[16]

Kalna I CD Block is part of the area where agriculture dominates the scenario but the secondary and tertiary sectors have shown an increasing trend.[17]

Infrastructure[edit]

All 100 or 100% of mouzas in Kalna I CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[16]

All 100 mouzas in Kalna I CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 77 fertiliser depots, 14 seed stores and 52 fair price shops in the CD Block.[16]

Agriculture[edit]

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Kalna I CD Block

  Bargadars (6.60%)
  Patta holders (14.87%)
  Small farmers (5.10%)
  Marginal farmers (17.65%)
  Agricultural labourers (55.78%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[18] Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture Kalna I could be classified as follows: bargadars 6.60%, patta (document) holders 14.87%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 5.10%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 17.65% and agricultural labourers 55.78%.[16]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Kalna I Block was 14,068 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 11,348 hectares.[19]

In 2013-14, Kalna I CD Block produced 36,365 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 11,875 hectares, 20,786 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 5,285 hectares, 23,084 tonnes of jute from 1,045 hectares and 23,876 tonnes of potatoes from 2,376 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[16]

In Bardhaman district as a whole Aman paddy constituted 64.32% of the total area under paddy cultivation, while the area under Boro and Aus paddy constituted 32.87% and 2.81% respectively. The expansion of Boro paddy cultivation, with higher yield rates, was the result of expansion of irrigation system and intensive cropping.[20] In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Kalna I CD Block was 11,050.53 hectares, out of which 6,489.00 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 2,255.81 hectares by river lift irrigation and 2,305.72 hectares by deep tube wells.[16]

Weaving[edit]

With the partition of India many skilled weavers from Dhaka settled around Santipur in Nadia district and Ambika Kalna in Bardhaman district, both with long traditions in weaving and the entire weaving belt spread across Santipur, Phulia, Samudragarh, Dhatrigram and Ambika Kalna, produces quality hndloom products in exotic designs and colours.[21]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Kalna I CD Block had offices of 6 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[16]

Transport[edit]

Kalna I CD Block has 6 ferry services and 13 originating/ terminating bus routes.[16]

The Bandel-Katwa branch line passes through this CD Block and there are stations at Dhatrigram and Ambika Kalna.[22]

State Highway 6 (West Bengal) running from Rajnagar (in Birbhum district) to Alampur (in Howrah district) passes through this block.[23]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Kalna I CD Block had 112 primary schools with 9,703 students, 11 high schools with 10,220 students and 11 higher secondary schools with 12,310 students. Kalna I CD Block had 353 institutions for special and non-formal education with 12,046 students. Kalna (municipality), outside the CD Block area, had 1 general college with 4,866 students.[16]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Kalna I CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 3 primary health centres with total 36 beds and 4 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 22 family welfare subcentres. 1,954 patients were treated indoor and 157,631 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[16]

Kalna I Block has a block primary health centre at Atgheria, and primary health centres at Sultanpur, Baghnapara and Bitra.[24][25]

Kalna I CD Block is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by a moderately high level of arsenic contamination of ground water.[26]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Kalna I Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "Census of India 2011: District Census Handbook Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 11: Population by Mother-tongue in Barddhaman district (1961-2001), page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  14. ^ "Census of Indiia 2011: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 9: Population by religion in Badhaman district (1961-2011), Page 50. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intensity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Occupational Structure, Status and levels of Livelihood, page 55. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "A Traditional Panorama - Bengal Art". Arts and Crafts in India. India Profile. Retrieved 3 March 2016. 
  22. ^ "37913 Howrah-Katwa local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  23. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  24. ^ "Bardhaman district". Medical Institutions. Bardhaman district administration. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  25. ^ "2011 District Census Handbook Bardhaman Part XII A" (PDF). Kalna I Block Map on page 858. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  26. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Bardhaman. SOES. Retrieved 9 September 2011.