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Kalpataru, the divine tree of life being guarded by mythical creatures Kinara and Kinari, flying Apsara and Devata. 8th century Pawan temple, Java, Indonesia.

Kalpavriksha (Devanagari: कल्पवृक्ष), also known as kalpataru, kalpadruma or kalpapādapa, is a wish-fulfilling divine tree in Hindu mythology. It was mentioned in Sanskrit literature from the earliest sources onwards.[citation needed] Sage Durvasa meditated under the Kalpavriksha. Shiva's daughter Ashok Sundari was created from Kalpavriksha tree by Devi Parvati, to alleviate her loneliness.

The kalpavriksha originated during the Samudra manthan or "churning of the ocean of milk" along with the kamadhenu, the divine cow providing for all needs. The king of the gods, Indra, returned with this tree to his paradise.

A kalpavriksha is mentioned in the Sanskrit work Mānāsara as a royal emblem. In Hemādri's work Caturvargacīntama, the kalpavriksha is said to be a tree of gold and precious stones.[1]

Identification with other trees[edit]

Other trees are also referred to as the Kalpavriksha.

  • At Mangaliyawas near Ajmer, Rajasthan, two revered trees (Male and Female) are more than 800 years old. Known as kalpavrikshas, they are worshipped on an Amavasya day in the Hindu month of Shravan.
Kalpavriksha in Mangaliyawas (near Ajmer, Rajasthan in India)
  • There is a kalpavriksha trees (Male and Female) which are more than 1000 years old in Banswara District of Rajasthan.
  • There is a famous and very old Klipvriksha tree at Bilara Dist Jodhpur.
  • According to the Padma Purana, a unique baobab near Barabanki is the Parijaat tree, Kintoor.


Main article: Jain Cosmology

Kalpavriksha are wish-granting trees which fulfills the desires of people in initial stages of worldly cycle as per Jain Cosmology. In initial times children are born in pairs (boy and girl) and don't do any karma.[2] There are 10 Kalpavriksha which grants 10 distinct wishes:

  • place to live
  • clothes
  • pots and pans
  • good food
  • fruits
  • sweets
  • harmonious music
  • jewelry
  • beautiful flowers
  • radiant lamps and a bright light at night
The wall painting of Kalpavruksha in Jain Basadi, Moodbidri, Karnataka

See also[edit]


External links[edit]