The Kalrayan Hills (Tamil : கல்வராயன் மலை) are a major range of hills situated in the Eastern Ghats of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Along with the Pachaimalai, Javadi, and Shevaroy hills, they separate the Kaveri River basin to the south from the Palar River basin to the north. The hills range in height from 2000 feet to 3000 feet and extend over an area of 1095 square kilometres.
The hills straddle a number of Tamil Nadu districts, extending northeast from the Salem District. The range serves as a boundary between the Salem and Villupuram districts. The Kalrayans are divided into two sections — the northern section, referred to as the Chinna ("little") Kalrayans, and the southern section, called the Periya ("big") Kalrayans. The Chinna Kalrayans average 2700 feet in height, while the Periya Kalrayans average 4000 feet.
The range as a whole is fairly smooth, with soil well-suited for plant growth. Scrub jungles reach up to 400 metres in altitude, while deciduous forests can be found between above 800 metres. Sholas, a type of high-altitude stunted evergreen forest, can be found growing on isolated plateaus. Though the forest stand is growing, due to "habitat uniqueness, human impacts and cultural tradition," conservation efforts are needed.
Karumanthurai is the big village panchayat in kalrayan hills, here situated in Primary school, Higher Secondary School, Primary Health Center, Police Station, regulated market, giant orchard for fruit(near 1 km) here farmers are grown all English vegetable.
Pappanaikan Patti Dam:
This Place Wonderful Scenario place.the Official Name is Kariya Koil Reservoir Project Dam. Total height of dam is 52 feet. Salem To Pappanaikan Patti Dam Distance Around 40 km Time Being available Bus only
This waterfall is situated 5 km from Kachirayapalayam, Kallakurichi. The waterfall is 500 meters high from top of the hill whose roar can be heard from a quite good distance. Mainly, rainy season begins from July to October which comes under the South East monsoon and this hill does not fall under the part of Western Ghat
Periyar falls is situated approximately 15 km away from Gomukhi Dam. Periyar Falls is situated near Vellimalai village. Normally, this falls has less water flow but it is flooded during monsoon. People from nearby area come here to take bath in the falls during monsoons. Best season to visit here is September to December.
Manimukthnadhi Dam has a maximum height of 20 feet and holds 737 Metric Cube feet of water. It was established in 1970.The dam is situated near Agarakottalam Village. This dam is constructed across the Manimudha River. This dam dampens Villupuram and Cuddalore districts. This dam is situated around 10 kilometers from Kallakurichi. This place can be visited all round the year.
How to reach
By Road: Kallakurichi is the nearest city. It is situated 56 km from Kalrayan Hills. Frequent Buses are available from Kallakurichi and Villupuram. Road Distance from Salem to Kalrayan Hill Forest: 71 km (29 miles)
By Train: Villupuram is the adjacent railway station where one can alight to get to Kalrayan Hills. Villupuram is easily accessible from Pondicherry and Chennai by train.
By Air: Tiruchirapalli is the nearest airport which is 175 km away.
Distance from Major Nearby Cities to Kalyaran Hills: Chennai: 275 km, Coimbatore: 243 km, Tiruchirapalli: 175 km, Pondicherry: 166 km, Bangalore: 280 km. Villupuram: 133 km
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- Nazer, M. (2004). "A Study of Land Alienation and Indebtedness among Tribals in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka states" (PDF). Planning Commission, Government of India. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
- Kadavul, K., N. Parthasarathy (19 April 1999). "Structure and composition of woody species in tropical semi-evergreen forest of Kalrayan hills, Eastern Ghats, India". Trop. Ecol. 40 (2): 247–260. ISSN 0564-3295. Retrieved 2007-03-16.