K. Chandrashekar Rao

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Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao
Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao.png
1st Chief Minister of Telangana
Assumed office
2 June 2014
GovernorE.S.L. Narasimhan
Preceded byOffice Established
Minister of Labour and Employment (Government of India)
In office
22 May 2004 – 22 August 2006
Prime MinisterManmohan Singh
Deputy Speaker of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
In office
Minister of Transport (Government of Andhra Pradesh)
In office
Minister of Drought & Relief (Government of Andhra Pradesh)
In office
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
ConstituencyMahbubnagar (Telangana)
In office
ConstituencyKarimnagar (Telangana)
Member of the Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
ConstituencyGajwel (Telangana)
In office
ConstituencySiddipet (Telangana)
Personal details
Born (1954-02-17) 17 February 1954 (age 64)
Siddipet, Hyderabad State, India
(now in Telangana, India)
Political partyTelangana Rashtra Samithi
RelationsDevanapalli Anil Kumar (son-in-law)
T. Harish Rao (nephew)
Joginapally Santosh Kumar (nephew)
ChildrenK. T. Rama Rao (son)
K. Kavitha (daughter)
ResidencePragathi Bhavan
Alma materOsmania University

Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao (born 17 February 1954)[citation needed] better known and abbreviated as K.C.R.,[1][2][3] is an Indian politician and the first Chief Minister of Telangana, a new state formed by the division of Andhra Pradesh in 2014. He is the leader and Founder of the Telangana Rashtra Samithi, a regional party in India.[4] He is a Member of the Legislative Assembly (Telangana) from the Gajwel constituency of Siddipet District in Telangana. Previously, he served as the Member of the Legislative Assembly (Andhra Pradesh) from Siddipet and also as the Member of Parliament from Mahbubnagar, Karimnagar and Medak. He took oath as the first Chief Minister of the new state of Telangana on 2 June 2014.[5] He went for early elections in 2018, when his cabinet recommended to dissolve the legislative lower house, Nine months before the completion of his term . He again took oath as the Chief Minister of Telangana for the second term on 13th December 2018.

Early life[edit]

Rao was born to Kalvakuntla Raghava Rao and Venkatamma at Chintalamadaka village of Siddipet Mandal in Medak District on 17 February 1954.[6] He attained a MA degree in Literature from Osmania University, Hyderabad.[7]

Political career[edit]

Congress Party[edit]

KCR started his career with the youth Congress party in Medak district.[8] Later he joined Telugu Desam Party led by NT.Rama Rao.

Telugu Desam Party[edit]

KCR joined the TDP in 1983 and contested against A.Madan Mohan and lost that election. He won four consecutive Assembly elections from Siddipet 1985 and 1999. From 1987–1988, he worked as Minister of Drought & Relief in N. T. Rama Rao's cabinet. In 1990, he was appointed as TDP convener for Medak, Nizamabad, and Adilabad districts. In 1996, he worked as Transport minister in Chandrababu Naidu's cabinet. He also served as the deputy speaker of the Andhra Pradesh Assembly from 2000–2001.[9]

Telangana Rashtra Samithi[edit]

K. Chandra Shekhar Rao assumes the office of Labour and Employment Minister in New Delhi on November 28, 2004

On 27 April 2001, Rao resigned as Deputy Speaker, TDP Party as well.[10] He stood for the people of the Telangana region were being discriminated and believed that separate state is the only solution.[11] In April 2001, he formed the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) Party at Jala Drushyam, Hyderabad to achieve Telangana statehood.[10] In the elections of 2004, Rao won the Siddipet state assembly constituency and also the Karimnagar Lok Sabha constituency, both as a TRS candidate. The TRS fought the 2004 general elections in alliance with the Indian National Congress with a Promise of Congress Party to give Telangana State and Rao was one of the five TRS candidates who was returned as MPs.[12]

TRS was part of the United Progressive Alliance coalition government, led by Congress. He went on to become a Union Cabinet minister of Labour and Employment in the United Progressive Alliance government at the Centre with his party colleague Aelay Narendra who became minister of Rural Development and Jannu Jakaraiah as Chairman for National Minimum Wages Advisory Board. The party later withdrew from the coalition, saying that the Alliance was not minded to support a separate Telangana state.[13]. He has resigned as MP in 2006 on a challenge of Congress and Won with a Huge Majority of more than 200,000 votes. Again he resigned as MP in agitation of Telangana movement and won with a minor Majority. In 2009, Rao fought and won the Mahbubnagar Lok Sabha elections. The TRS party fought the general elections as part of the opposition coalition led by TDP. In 2014, KCR was elected as MLA from Gajwel Assembly Constituency of Medak Dist of Telangana State with a majority of 19,218 and as MP from Medak (Lok Sabha constituency) with a majority of 397029 on 16 May 2014.

After formation of Telangana State[edit]

In Telangana, the TRS, which led the campaign for a separate State for more than a decade, emerged victorious by winning 11 of the 17 Lok Sabha seats and 63 of the 119 Assembly seats, and emerged as the party with the largest vote share.[14]

Chief Minister of Telangana (2014 - present)[edit]

KCR was sworn in as the first chief minister of the Telangana state at 12.57 pm on 2 June 2014. Rao, a staunch believer in astrology, numerology and Vaastu, is reported to have fixed this time for his inauguration as per the advice of priests to suit his lucky number ‘six’.[15][16][17] KCR was re-elected 8 times as TRS president [18]

His welfare programs are aimed at reviving the rural economy and are focused on the development of each community. An intensive household survey, Samagra Kutumba Survey (SKS) was done in a single day on 19 August 2014 across the state to arrive at citizen information for rolling out welfare programs. The data collected pertaining to 94 parameters, covered one crore four lakh households in the State.[19]


He launched the ambitious irrigation project, Kaleshwaram with a capital outlay of ₹85,000 crores to irrigate one crore acres and phase 1 to be launched in June 2018 and completed by early 2019.

Farmers welfare[edit]

He started his welfare program by loan waiver scheme of ₹17,000 crores, owed by 38 lakh farmers in the state. He started Mission Kakatiya for restoration and rejuvenation of 46,000 lakes and tanks.[20] The 24-hour uninterrupted and quality power was given to farmers for free, from earlier policy of 9 hours free power to farmers. A scheme to increase greenery, Haritha Haram was launched in 2014.

A farmers investment support scheme, Rythu Bhandu, with ₹4000 per acre per crop, for two seasons in a year, is launching on 20 April 2018.[21]


The agriculture godowns in the state in 2014 were at 4 MTC, the newly scientifically built godowns increased to 22 MTC by 2015, the highest in India.[22]

The 44 state agriculture markets were connected to national electronic agriculture market platform, e-NAM.

New Districts[edit]

As promised in the manifesto, 21 new districts were created to the existing 10 districts, a total of 31 districts on Dasara, 11 October 2016. They were created to ease administration, access to the government closer to the people.[23]


Telangana State has the highest number of residential schools in India – 875, for all communities, including 577 residential schools launched in three years.

Land Records purification[edit]

A land record purification exercise, which was earlier taken up in 1931 by the Nizam, to update the land records across the state was started in September 2017 and was completed in three months. A new pattadhar passbook, with highly secure, tamper-proof, with 22 features will be launched in April 2018. An online up to date land records database will be available on Dharani website of the government. The MRO was given the power to carry out registration. The whole exercise will simplify and reduce land disputes significantly.

Traditional craft occupations[edit]

For shepherds, a sheep distribution program was started in June 2017 with a budget of ₹12,000 crores to increase their financial position, Telangana Sheep Distribution scheme.[24]

For fisherman community, the State provided 51 crore fish seed to increase the fishing industry significantly. After its success, the 82 crore fish seeds will be provided in 2018-19.[25]

For milkman community, the government distributed a buffalo each to around two lakh dairy farmers at a subsidised rate of 50 percent.[26]


A 2BHK house for the poor, Double Bedroom Housing scheme was launched in 2015 with a capital outlay of ₹20,000 crores for building houses for 2.72 lakh beneficiaries.

Industrial policy[edit]

After the formation of the government, restoration of 24-hour uninterrupted power supply to industries was taken as a top priority and was achieved by 2015. A new widely acclaimed, industrial license clearance named TS-iPASS was launched for fast-track clearances. In 2017, on Ease of Doing Business Index in India, Telangana, with a score of 60.48%, stood first, while Haryana and West Bengal scored 53.49% and 43.28%.

India's largest incubator for startups, T-Hub was started in November 2015.

Women and child health[edit]

He started Amma ODI & KCR Kit scheme, a highly successful program for pregnant, lactating woman and Child support health kit in June 2017. A nutritional program for mal-nourished, Aarogya Lakshmi scheme for woman and child. A scheme to distribute a saree to each woman over 18 years was launched in September 2017 with a budget of ₹225 crores. The Sarees were distributed during the festival of Bathukamma called as Bahtukamma Sarees. The saree making was given to beleaguered weavers of Siricilla.

Kalyana Lakshmi - Shaadi Mubarak, a financial incentive of ₹1,00,116 to the poor, to prevent child marriages and to meet marriage expenses was launched in 2015.[27]


The old age, widow pension scheme, Aasara pension was launched in 2014 with increased pensions from ₹200 to ₹1000 per month. And for the physically disabled to ₹1500 per month.[28]

Purified drinking water[edit]

The scheme to provide potable drinking water reaching all people in the state called Mission Bhagiratha was started in 2017 and to be completed by April 2018 with a capital outlay of ₹45,000 crores.[29]


A new health initiative for free health check-ups for everyone, Telangana State Health Profile was announced and is slated to begin in April 2018.[30]

Dalit welfare[edit]

The government is providing up to 3 acres of agriculture land for the landless or partial owners of the land. This scheme is a long-term plan which could take 10 years to fulfill the promise.

Government services delivery through IT[edit]

The citizen IT interface is top in India for digital transactions for various services of the government are met by Mee Seva. The Electronic Service Delivery (ESD) provides 40 government departments and 600 private related services through the Internet and mobile apps.

Personal life[edit]

Kalvakuntla Chandrashekhar Rao is married to Shobha and has two children.[7] His son, K. T. Rama Rao, is a legislator from [Sircilla Rajanna District], previous Karimnagar district, Telangana and is the cabinet minister for IT, Municipal Administration & Urban Development Departments. His daughter, Kalvakuntla Kavitha, is an M.P. from Nizamabad, Telangana. His nephew, Harish Rao, is MLA for the Siddipet constituency and is now the cabinet minister for Irrigation, Legislative Affairs, and Marketing in the Telangana government. KCR has 9 sisters and 1 elder brother. KCR has good command over languages like Telugu, English, Urdu, and Hindi. He lives with his family at the official chief minister residence, Pragathi Bhavan in Hyderabad City.

Political statistics[edit]

Year Contested For Constituency Opponent Votes Majority Result
1 1983 MLA Siddipet Ananthula Madan Mohan (tdp ) 27889–28766 – 887 Lost
2 1985 T. Mahender Reddy] (INC) 45215–29059 16156 Won
3 1989 Ananthula Madan Mohan (INC) 53145–39329 13816 Won
4 1994 64645–37538 27107 Won
5 1999 Mushinam Swamy Charan (INC) 69169–41614 27555 Won
6 2001 By Polls Mareddy Srinivas Reddy (TDP) 82632–23920 58712 Won
7 2004 Jilla Srinivas (TDP) 74287–29619 44668 Won
8 2004 MP Karimnagar Chennamaneni Vidyasagara Rao (BJP) 451199–320031 131168 Won
9 2006 By Polls T. Jeevan Reddy (INC) 378030–176448 201582 Won
10 2008 By Polls 269452–253687 15765 Won
11 2009 Mahabubnagar Devarakonda Vittal Rao (INC) 366569–346385 20184 Won
12 2014 MLA Gajwel Pratap Reddy Vanteru (TDP) 86694–67303 19391 Won
13 2014 MP Medak Narendara Nath (INC) 657492–260463 397029 Won
14 2018 MLA Gajwel Pratap Reddy Vanteru (INC) 125444–67154 58290 Won



  1. ^ Telangana (13 March 2015). "KCR: The First Chief Minister of Telangana State". Telangana State Portal – Latest News Updates.
  2. ^ "Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao KCR Profile, Wiki". Telangana State Information, History , Tourism, News, Govt Jobs & Results.
  3. ^ "'Make in Telangana' should be a global standard: KCR". thehindu.com. The Hindu.
  4. ^ "Telangana CM, K Chandrashekar Rao, a Hindi, but not English speaking CM in south India". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
  5. ^ Telangana is born as 29th state, K Chandrasekhar Rao takes oath as first CM – Times of India. Timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2 June 2014). Retrieved on 2017-06-16.
  6. ^ "6,000 priests to hold special pujas on K Chandrasekhar Rao's birthday".
  7. ^ a b "Fifteenth Lok Sabha Members Bioprofile". Parliament of India. Archived from the original on 31 March 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  8. ^ "K Chandrasekhar Rao: An obscure Congress foot soldier who became mascot of Telangana pride".
  9. ^ "KCR to enter Congress via Telangana?". IBN Live. 26 February 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
  10. ^ a b "Dy. Speaker resigns, launches new outfit". hindu.com. The Hindu. 28 April 2001. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
  11. ^ "Telangana finds a new man and moment". Hinduonnet.com. 19 May 2001. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  12. ^ "Politics of separation". Frontline. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
  13. ^ "Telangana isn't scary". hindustantimes.com. Hindustan Times. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  14. ^ "TRS wins in Telangana". Deccan-Journal. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  15. ^ "KCR to Be Sworn in Telangana State's First CM on June 2". Deccan-Journal. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  16. ^ "KCR to Be Sworn in Telangana State's First CM on June 2". Deccan-Journal. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  17. ^ "Politics of separation". Frontline. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  18. ^ KCR re-elected 8 time as TRS president. INDToday. Retrieved on 16 June 2017.
  19. ^ http://www.thehansindia.com/posts/index/Telangana/2018-02-24/Training-programme-for-senior-ISS-officers-ends/361313
  20. ^ http://ns.umich.edu/new/releases/22935-desilting-ponds-in-india-benefit-farmers-environment
  21. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ani/kcr-govt-to-allocate-Rs-12-000-cr-for-crop-investment-support-118022600048_1.html
  22. ^ http://telanganatoday.com/ts-has-highest-godown-capacity-in-country-harish
  23. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/Telangana-gets-21-new-districts/article15479100.ece
  24. ^ https://telanganatoday.com/sheep-distribution-scheme-going-great-guns-telangana
  25. ^ http://telanganatoday.com/telangana-provide-82-crore-fish-seedlings-2018-19
  26. ^ https://telanganatoday.com/pisciculture-sees-a-sea-change-in-telangana
  27. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/kalyana-lakshmi-scheme-from-dasara/article6436108.ece
  28. ^ https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/over-24-lakh-people-to-benefit-from-telangana-governments-aasara-pension-scheme/articleshow/45204147.cms
  29. ^ https://www.livemint.com/Politics/GGys7IpJPrbYFGTxOqvMyJ/Narendra-Modi-launches-Mission-Bhagiratha-other-projects-in.html
  30. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-telangana/state-mulls-health-profiling-of-all-364-crore-citizens/article23248566.ece
  31. ^ Telangana (17 March 2015). "CM KCR Bagged Indian of the Year 2014". Telangana State Portal – Latest News Updates.
  32. ^ "CBI examines Telangana CM K Chandrasekhar Rao for 2006 order as Union minister". The Times Of India.
  33. ^ "Telangana CM examined by CBI team in 2006 case". The Hindu.
  34. ^ "CBI Questions to KCR on UPA Era Case Raise a Few Eyebrows". The New Indian Express.
  35. ^ Telangana (19 August 2017). "CM KCR gets "Agricultural Leadership Award 2017"". Telangana State News.
  36. ^ ET Bureau (18 November 2018). "CM KCR gets "Economic Times business reformer of the year 2018 award"". Economic Times.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Position Established
Chief Minister of Telangana
2 June 2014 – current
Succeeded by