Kama Reservoir

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Kama Reservoir
Perm Reservoir
Камское водохранилище.PNG
View from the confluence area of the Chusovaya River.
Coordinates58°59′N 56°10′E / 58.983°N 56.167°E / 58.983; 56.167Coordinates: 58°59′N 56°10′E / 58.983°N 56.167°E / 58.983; 56.167
Lake typereservoir
Primary inflowsKama, Chusovaya, Sylva, Obva, Inva, Kosva
Primary outflowsKama
Basin countriesRussia
Max. length272 km (169 mi)
Max. width30 km (19 mi)
Surface area1,915 km2 (739 sq mi)
Average depth6.3 m (21 ft)
Max. depth30 m (98 ft)
Water volume12.2 km3 (2.9 cu mi)
Surface elevation108.5 m (356 ft)
SettlementsPerm, Dobryanka, Chyormoz, Berezniki, Usolye, and Solikamsk

The Kama Reservoir, also known as the Perm Reservoir (Russian: Камское водохранилище, Пермское водохранилище), is a reservoir formed by the dam of the Kama Hydroelectric Station near Perm (constructed in 1954-1956). The Kama Reservoir has a surface area of 1,915 km² and a water volume of 12,2 cubic km. Its length along the Kama is 272 km, major width - up to 30 km, average depth - 6,3 m (with maximum depth equaling 30 m). The Kama Reservoir was created for the benefit of transportation, energetics, and water supply. It also performs seasonal flow regulation. The cities of Perm, Dobryanka, Chyormoz, Berezniki, Usolye, and Solikamsk are located on the shores of the Kama Reservoir.

This article includes content derived from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969–1978, which is partially in the public domain.