JR Kamakura Station
|Location||1-1-1 Komachi, Kamakura, Kanagawa
|Passengers (FY2008, JR East)||40,374 daily|
Kamakura Station is served by the Yokosuka Line and Shōnan-Shinjuku Line. It is located 4.5 km from the junction at Ōfuna Station, and 53.9 km from Tokyo Station. It is also the terminal station for the Enoshima Electric Railway, whose station is adjacent.
JR East Station
JR Kamakura Station has a single island platform connected to the station building by two underpasses. Beside the two main lines there is also one additional line where trains can stop. Because the platform is built on a hill, its elevation is higher than the ticket gates and Enoden platform.
Because the station serves a popular tourist area, there are many extra trains at weekends and holidays. However, in spite of the extra side line for trains to stop in, trains cannot change direction at this station, so many trains meant to serve this station have to run between Zushi and Tamachi Depot. In the evening, passenger trains also run from Tamachi Depot to Zushi, then back to Kamakura.
At the station's east exit there were previously several shops, especially restaurants. However, this area was rebuilt as Ekisuto Kamakura (エキスト鎌倉?), a shopping facility which opened on 31 October 2007. Besides a convenience store and a Kamakura tourist information center, the first floor consists entirely of eateries. There is a "Midori no Madoguchi" staffed ticket counter the east entrance, which operates during the hours 7:00 to 20:00.
Enoshima Electric Railway Station
The Enoshima Electric Railway (Enoden) has a ground-level bay platform around two tracks. The platforms are numbered in coordination with the JR lines, so that Enoden uses lines designated as 3 through 5, the signs of which are controlled by machine, usually displaying only 3 and 4. Line 5 is used only for the early morning train that departs at 5:47. During this time, there is already a train in line 3, and in order to change the order of trains on the tracks (that of two-car and four-car trains) line 5 is used. In the periods around New Year, Golden Week, and other busy times, a special, staggered schedule using the two lines 3 and 5.
An entrance ticket at other Enoden stations is 190 yen (as of September 2012), but in order to match JR, which shares the Kamakura station, the ticket is 130 yen at Kamakura station, although this ticket can only be used on the Enoden side.
|1||■ Yokosuka Line||for Zushi, Yokosuka, and Kurihama|
|2||■ Yokosuka Line||for Ōfuna, Yokohama, Tokyo, (Sōbu Line (Rapid)) Chiba, Narutō, (Sotobō Line) Kazusa-Ichinomiya, (Uchibō Line) Kimitsu, (Narita Line) Narita Airport, and (Kashima Line) Kashima-Jingū|
|■ Shōnan-Shinjuku Line||for Ōfuna, Yokohama, Shinjuku, Ōmiya, and Utsunomiya|
Enoshima Electric Railway platforms
|3||■ Enoshima Electric Railway||for Hase, Enoshima, and Fujisawa|
|4||■ Enoshima Electric Railway||Alighting passengers only|
|5||■ Enoshima Electric Railway||for Hase, Enoshima, and Fujisawa|
|Enoshima Electric Railway|
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Kamakura Station opened on 16 June 1889 as a station on a spur line from Ōfuna on the Japanese Government Railways (JGR), the pre-war predecessor to the Japan National Railways (JNR) to serve the Yokosuka Naval Arsenal and related Imperial Japanese Navy facilities at Yokosuka. This line was renamed the Yokosuka Line in October 1909. The terminus of the Enoshima Electric Railway was relocated to Kamakura Station on 1 March 1949. All freight operations were stopped in 1962. The station building was rebuilt in October 1984. The station came under the management of JR East upon the privatization of the Japanese National Railways (JNR) on 1 April 1987.
- Harris, Ken and Clarke, Jackie. Jane's World Railways 2008–2009. Jane's Information Group (2008). ISBN 0-7106-2861-7
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