Kamal Abu Eita
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Kamal Abu-Eita (also spelled Abu 'Ayta; Arabic: كمال أبو عيطة ), is a long-time Egyptian labor activist. He also formerly served as the Minister of Manpower and Emigration (Egypt), until being replaced by Nahed Ashri in March 2014.
Pre-January 25 Revolution
As a long-time activist, he organized labor movements and led the challenge against the state-affiliated Egyptian Trade Union Federation. In 2007, he led major strikes and sit-ins outside the Ministry of Manpower - the institution he would lead six years later.
He was active in supporting the January 25th revolution. For several years he was a member of the outlawed Nasserist Dignity Party. He represented the party as an MP after being elected in 2011, having run as a member of the FJP-affiliated Democratic Alliance for Egypt.
He gained notoriety for helping to establish the Real Estate Tax Authority Independent General Union in 2009 - the country’s first independent trade union. The move was aggressively rejected by the state-tied Egyptian Trade Union Federation.
Egyptian Federation of Independent Trade Unions (EFITU)
While a senior leader of the EFITU, the CTUWS decided to withdraw from the union. By October 2011 the CTUWS and 148 other unions established the EDLC. In the 2014, the EDLC and EFITU are estimated to represent nearly two million Egyptian workers.
Minister of Manpower
Abu-Eita was originally appointed Minister of Manpower during the 2012 Morsi Cabinet. His appointment was aggressively rejected by the ETUF, viewing him as animus towards the group.
Upon being nominated to the ministry, he announced that his primary objective as minister would be promoting the long-sought minimum wage law. The law would raise public sector salaries from a minimum of 700LE to LE1,200 per month.
Only month after being appointed Minister, security forces crushed a strike at the Suez Steel Company. Abu Eita reportedly did not comment on the issue. Members of the EFITU executive committee would later complain about Abu Eita's committing the union to abandoning "the strike weapon" at times, without consultation. In this way, he was seen as instrumentalizing the independent union rather than representing its interests.
Abu-Eita was co-founder of the Nasserist Dignity Party.
- Charbel, Jano (30 September 2013). "Labor Activist Wades into the Deep State". Mada Masr. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
- Beinin, Joel (June 2012). "The Rise of Egypt's Workers" (PDF). Carnegie Endowment for International Peace: 16. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
- Beinin, Joel (23 August 2013). "Egyptian Workers After June 30". Middle East Research and Information Project. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
- Azouz, Ashraf (12 January 2014). "Kamal Abu Eita: ‘I am a Nasserist and I do not support capitalism’". Cairo Post. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
- "Labour Leader Abu Eita to be appointed Egypt's Manpower Minister". Ahram Online. 15 July 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2015.