The name of the community is derived from the two Persian words Kamaan, which means a bow, and Gar which means maker. Thus Kamangar means bow-makers or weapon-makers. Kamangar must not confused with Kamboh.
History and origin
The Kamangars were originally believed to be Turkic and Pashtun soldiers who ended up as Lohar (Blacksmith).
In North India
The traditional occupation of the Kamangar was the making of bows and arrows. They now manufacture toys made of bamboo, as well as Ta'ziya for Ashura. The community is urban and semi-urban, and many are now wage labourers. Many have also been involved in drawing pictures of Hindu gods and goddesses. They have other Backward caste status. The community in Uttar Pradesh are found in Fatehpur, Ferozabad, Budaun, Agra, Varanasi, Sultanpur and Eta, while in Gujarat they are found in Kutch, Mandvi, Bhuj, and Mundra. In Uttar Pradesh, the community speak Urdu and various local dialects like Braj Bhasha and Khari Boli. They have a caste council that deals with disputes within their community. The community belong to the Sunni sects of Islam.
There is a community of Kamangar found in the districts of Sukkur, Shikarpur, Multan and Dadu, in the provinces of Sindh and Punjab in Pakistan. A well known Kamangar family is living in Distt. Chiniot Punjab. They migrated from Afghanistan in 17th century and permanently settled at Mohallah Kamangran.
In West Iran
Kamangar is a tribe in Iran. Living in the West, Kurdistan province (Kavana; Pirmogha, Voshtrml village) and Kermanshah province (Gharavays and satyari village), kamyaran City (Koreh Dare olya and sofla, Afrian olya and sofla, Marab, Gorgan, Masan, Kolasara, Taa, Tfen, Hane man, Sarchi, Dolaw, Kalateh village) and Marivan (Dadane Kamangar Village)
There is some evidence that a branch of this family are living in Klar, Sharazor (in kani hamza and darah shiish village), Kfri (Ashtokan), Dozkormato, Darbandikhan city (Plis village).
Religion and Sect
- People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Two edited by A Hasan & J C Das pages 688 to 690
- People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 690
- People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII edited by A Hasan & J C Das page 507