Kamayo language

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Kamayo
Native to Philippines
Region Surigao del Sur and Davao Oriental
Ethnicity Kamayo people
Mandayas
Native speakers
360,000 (2000 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 kyk
Glottolog kama1363[2]

Kamayo (Kinamayo or alternatively spelled as Camayo), also called Kadi, Kinadi, or Mandaya, is a minor Austronesian language of the central eastern coast of Mindanao in the Philippines.

Distribution[edit]

Spoken by some areas of Surigao del Sur (the city of Bislig and the municipalities of Barobo, Hinatuan, Lingig, Tagbina, Lianga, San Agustin & Marihatag) and Davao Oriental, Kamayo varies from one municipality to another. Lingiganons are quite different from other municipalities on the way they speak the Kamayo language. Ethnologue also reports that Kamayo is spoken in the Agusan del Sur Province border areas, and in Davao Oriental Province between Lingig and Boston.

Kamayo is a language widely used by the Mandayas in the Davao Oriental areas. It is closely related to Tandaganon and Surigaonon. Dialect variations are caused by mixed dialect communications such as the Cebuano language in barangays Mangagoy & Pob. Bislig. The towns of Barobo, Hinatuan, and Lingig has a distinct version spoken. A suffix is usually added in most adjectives in superlative forms; for example, the word "gamay" in Cebuano (English: small) is gamay-ay in Bislig while the word "dako" (English: big) is spoken as dako-ay.

Dialects are North Kamayo and South Kamayo (Ethnologue).

Vocabulary[edit]

Common phrases

Kamayo Tagalog English
Adi Dito Here
Ngadto Doon There
Ampan Wala Nothing
Aron Meron Have
Basi / Basin Baka Maybe
Butang Lagay Put
Hain Saan Where
Idtu Ayon That
Inday Ewan I Don't Know
Ini / Ngini Ito This
Itun Ayan That is
Kamang Kuha Take
Kinu Kailan When
Nanga sa Bakit Why
uNaan / Naan Ano What
Pila Magkano How Much
Sinu / Sin-u Sino Who
Tagi Bigay Give
Unuhon Paano How
Wara Wala None
Isu Bata Child
hinuod Matanda Old person
Irong Ilong Nose

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kamayo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Kamayo". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.