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Native name
Public Joint Stock Company
Traded as MCXKMAZ
Industry Automotive
Founded 1969; 48 years ago (1969)
Headquarters Naberezhnye Chelny, Tatarstan, Russia
Key people
Sergey A. Kogogin, General Director
Products Trucks and buses
Revenue $1.99 billion[1] (2016)
$36.9 million[1] (2016)
$9.78 million[1] (2016)
Owner Rostec (49.9%)
Avtoinvest Limited (23.54%)
Daimler (15%)[2]
Number of employees
Website www.kamaz.ru/en/

KAMAZ (Камский Автомобильный Завод – КАМАЗ / Kamskiy Avtomobilny Zavod – translated: Kama Automobile Plant) is a Russian brand of trucks and engines manufacturer located in Naberezhnye Chelny, Tatarstan, Russian Federation. It is famous for its cab over trucks. KAMAZ is a portmanteau which stands for a factory on Kama River.

KAMAZ opened its doors in 1976. Today, heavy duty models are exported to many areas of the world including the CIS, Latin America, the Middle East, Africa. The trucks have won the Dakar Rally a record fourteen times. KAMAZ is the largest truck producer in Russia and the CIS. The factory produces 43,000 trucks a year (2014).[3] Reinforced KAMAZ trucks are used by the Russian army.


USSR 1974 postage stamp featuring a KamAZ truck

In 1969, the Resolution of the Central Committee of the USSR Communist Party and the USSR Council of Ministers was approved which envisaged construction of a complex of heavy duty truck production plants. 70 potential sites to locate the facilities were investigated. Choice went in favor of Naberezhnye Chelny, then a small town on the Kama River. Its advantages were obvious. So far as its geographical situation was concerned, Naberezhnye Chelny was right in the center of the former Soviet Union. The navigable rivers – the Kama River and the Volga River – as well as proximity of the railway line, were central to meeting all the logistical needs of the construction site for materials, raw materials, equipment, components while, going forward, to meeting the need to ship ready-made trucks to customers. The fact that the huge construction company “KamGESenergostroy” existed in the region allowed construction of plant buildings and apartment blocks for prospective KAMAZ employees to be completed.

Workers and engineers, representing more than 70 ethnicities, converged on Naberezhnye Chelny to fuse into a “melting pot” of the construction project personnel. Orders placed by KAMAZ to procure construction materials and equipment were filled by all the ministries and departments, a total of over 2000 enterprises. Over 100,000 personnel were employed at the construction site itself. The would-be truck plant was being provided with the most state-of-the-art manufacturing equipment by the contemporary standards. More than 700 international firms were among equipment vendors for KAMAZ facilities, including such globally known corporations as Swindell-Dressler, Holcroft, CE-Cast, Ingersoll Rand, Ex-Cello (U.S.A.), Hueller-Hille, Liebherr (West Germany), Morando, Fata (Italy), Renault (France), Sandvik (Sweden), Komatsu and Hitachi (Japan).

On December 13, 1969, ground was broken and the first bucket of soil was excavated at the construction site of the Kama River Truck Plant which was rated for production of 150,000 heavy duty trucks and 250,000 engines per year. The Complex of Plants on the Kama River sprawled over a vast territory measuring 57 square km. Concurrent to construction of the truck plant, huge social challenges were tackled. Hundreds of thousands of people were provided by KAMAZ with comfortable housing, modern educational facilities, kindergartens and creches, hospitals and clinics, numerous cultural, sporting, recreational and leisure centers. KAMAZ was instrumental in transforming the Kama River Area into a powerful industrial and scientific research hub and developing the infrastructure for the suburban agricultural zone.

Every year the population of the city grew by another 30-40 thousand or so. Whereas before construction of KAMAZ got underway, 27,000 residents had lived in Naberezhnye Chelny, the current population has now reached more than half a million.

Group structure[edit]

Owners and management[edit]

The main shareholders of Kamaz are the state corporation Rostec (49.9%), Avtoinvest Limited (23.54%), a Cyprus-registered company whose main beneficiaries have never been officially disclosed, and Daimler (15%).[2] After the Panama Papers leak it was alleged that this Cyprus-based company can be traced to Sergei Roldugin, a concert cellist and personal friend of Vladimir Putin.[4]

At the same time, a 4% stake in the company is publicly traded on the Moscow Exchange,[5] leading the company to have many minority shareholders (more than 76,000 individuals in 2007).[6]

In early March, 2008 the Board of Directors of KAMAZ was elected, which included 15 people, including:[7]

The mayor of the city of Naberezhnye Chelny (April 2010 - Prime Minister of Tatarstan) - Ildar Khalikov, head of the management Federal Agency for State Property Management (Rosimushchestvo) - Ivan V. Aksenov, and the Director-General of the "Russian Technologies State Corporation" Sergey Chemezov.


KAMAZ Publicly Traded Company has more than 110 subsidiaries and affiliates, it owns shares in the authorized capital of more than 50 different companies and businesses. Together they form KAMAZ Group.
The group includes:

  • Truck Assembly Plant (Naberezhnye Chelny)
  • Metallurgical Complex, KAMAZ PTC
    KAMAZ Foundries (now one of the largest in Russia[8])
    KAMAZ Forge
    KAMAZ Truck Assembly Plant
  • KAMAZ Press and Stamping Plant
  • Engine Plant, KAMAZ PTC
  • Remdiesel (Engine Re-Manufacture Plant)
  • KAMAZ Trade and Finance Company JSC
  • Neftekamsk Automotive Plant (NEFAZ) - manufactures buses and vehicles on KAMAZ chassis
  • Auto Trailer Plant OJSC (formerly СЗАП (En:SZAP) of Stavropol)
  • KAMAZ Technical Service OJSC
  • KAMAZ Auto Technology
  • RIZ OJSC (formerly of KAMAZinstrumentspetsmash)
  • KIP Master OJSC

The main production facilities of the plant are located in the industrial area of Naberezhnye Chelny. Nefaz buses are produced in Neftekamsk (Bashkortostan).

There are also foreign manufacturing facilities in the following locations: Vietnam, India, Kazakhstan (KAMAZ-Engineering JSC).


Kamaz vehicles have won the truck category of the Dakar Rally 14 times as of 2017.[9] All 14 of the 2010 Dakar Rally stages in the truck category were won by Kamaz trucks.


No years of release Features Photo
1 1976-2000 (with changes issue remains army trucks) Diskless wheels. Low cabin roof. Corrugated sidewalls sleeping compartment. Lights on the front of the cab. Kamaz 1-st generation.jpg
2 1995- Increased height of the cab roof. Disc wheels. Rectangular lights on the bumper. New bumper with sidewalls. Underride underbody. Kamaz 2 generation.jpg
3 2004- New surround bumper (double for tractors). New headlamps with headlamp swivel sections, which call on the sidewalls of the bumper. We haul tractors appeared high cab. Smooth walls of the sleeping compartment. Voluminous front fenders. Some of the trucks new plastic dashboard instead of metal Integrated Safety and Security Exhibition 2013 (500-39).jpg
4 2010- Large-scale modernization. All new front of cabin, including new radiator grille. New front bumper. New headlight lens type in one case with swivel headlights. Plastic dashboard with electronic instrument cluster. Part of trucks equipped with Cummins engine manufacturing joint venture Cummins and KAMAZ in Naberezhnye Chelny. Kamaz 4 generation.jpg
5 2014- cabin from Mercedes-Benz Axor with some modifications KAMAZ 6580 family.jpg
6  ? Being developed – completely new cab – jointly with South Korean engineering company DMEC. Prototype trucks already presented


Russia's President Vladimir Putin speaks about the 2,000,000th truck produced by KamAZ around the world, 2012.


3rd Generations of KAMAZ. KAMAZ 65117
Firefighting vehicle ATs-5,0-100 on KAMAZ-65224 chassis (4th Generation of KAMAZ trucks

From 1976 - 2015, KAMAZ has produced trucks as follows :

  • KAMAZ 4308 4x2 Medium-range truck & 4x2 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 4326 4x4 Side truck & 4x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 4326-9 Dakar 4x4 Dakar Rally Sport truck
  • KAMAZ 4911 Extreme 4x4 Civilian Sport truck Dakar Rally
  • KAMAZ 43114 6x6 Flat bed truck & 6x6 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 43118 6x6 Flat bed truck & 6x6 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 43253 4x2 Flat bed truck & 4x2 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 53205 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 53215 6x4 Flat bed truck & 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 53228 6x6 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 53229 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 53205 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 52212 6x4L Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 52213 6x4L Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 53605 4x2 Dump truck
  • KAMAZ 5513 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit & 6x4 Garbage truck
  • KAMAZ 5320 6x4 Flat bed truck & 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 53202 6x4 Flat bed truck & 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 53212 6x4 Flat bed truck & 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 53213 6x4 Flat bed truck & 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 53229 6x4 Flat bed truck & 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 53228 6x6 Flat bed truck & 6x6 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 5511 6x4 Dump truck
  • KAMAZ 5512 6x6 Dump truck
  • KAMAZ 45141 6x6 Dump truck
  • KAMAZ 54115 6x4 Tractor truck & 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 55111 6x4 Dump truck & 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 6520 6x4 Dump truck & 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 6522 6x6 Dump truck & 6x6 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 6540 8x4 Dump truck & 8x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 6560 8x8 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 5360 4x2 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 53602 6x2 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 43082 6x2 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 6360 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 53228 6x6 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 53229 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 5523 6x6 Logging truck
  • KAMAZ 63968 Typhoon 6x6 Armored infantry transport
  • KAMAZ 65111 6x6 Dump truck
  • KAMAZ 65115 6x4 Dump truck & 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 65116 6x4 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 65117 6x4 Flat bed truck & 6x4 Cab and Chassis Unit
Military tank transporter KAMAZ 65225 with an SU-85 at the parade rehearsal in Red Square

Tractor truck[edit]

  • KAMAZ 6440 6x4 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 65116 6x4 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 6460 "Continent" 6x4 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 6460-73 6x4 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 5460 "Continent" 4x2 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 5460-73 4x2 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 5460-06 "Cummins" 4x2 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 5470 4x2 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 5490 4x2 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 5410 6x4 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 54101 6x4 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 54102 6x4 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 54112 6x4 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 54105 6x4 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 5415 4x2 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 5415M 4x2 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 5425 4x2 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 5425M 4x2 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 44108 6x6 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 65225 6x6 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 65226 6x6 Tractor truck
  • KAMAZ 65228 8x8 Tractor truck

Engines KAMAZ Engines

  • KAMAZ 740.10 180 - 210 HP V8
  • KAMAZ 740.31 225 - 240 HP V8 Turbo Euro 0
  • KAMAZ 740.73 400 HP V8 Turbo Euro 4
  • KAMAZ 740.622 280 HP V8 Turbo Euro 3
  • KAMAZ 740.632 400 HP V8 Turbo Euro 4
  • KAMAZ 740.662 300 HP V8 Turbo Euro 4
  • KAMAZ 740.602 360 HP V8 Turbo Euro 3
  • KAMAZ 740.652 260 HP V8 Turbo Euro 3
  • KAMAZ 7403.10 260 HP V8 Turbo Euro 0
  • KAMAZ 74037.10 260 HP V8 Turbo Euro 0
  • KAMAZ 74006.10 220 HP V8 Turbo
  • KAMAZ 7409 series 180 - 360 HP V8 Turbo (240HP - 360HP) Euro 3 - 4 (240HP - 360HP)

KAMAZ Cummins

  • Cummins ISB6.7e4 245 - 300 HP I6 Turbo Euro 2 - 4
  • Cummins ISB6.5e4 185 HP I6 Turbo Euro 2
  • 1989 360HP Cummins L6 Turbo Euro 2

KAMAZ Mercedes

  • Daimler OM457LA 428 HP I6 Turbo Euro 5

Other vehicles[edit]

  • KAMAZ 4310 6x6 Cab and Chassis Unit
  • KAMAZ 43269 Vystrel (BPM-97) Wheeled armoured vehicle
  • KAMAZ Barhan 4x4 multipurpose vehicle, a large prototype SUV built on a Kamaz-43501 chassis, made by CaRS, a private company. Original prototype was on a GAZ-66 chassis.

Kamaz Mustang[edit]

The Kamaz Мустанг (Mustang) is a family of general military utility trucks with numerous variants.[10] The family is based on the 1st generation KamAZ family launched in the early 1980s. A three-person cab is standard across the Mustang range. It has a sleeping berth and tilts forward for engine access. This cab can be fitted with an add-on armour kit.

The Mustang family is available in eight (8) models:[10]

Original three:

And the Kamaz-43501, -5450, -6450, and -5350 trucks with armoured cabs.:[10]



  1. ^ a b c https://www.kamaz.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?event1=download&event2=%2Fupload%2Fiblock%2F0ef%2F0ef9e6e4dca253ef2c2993300cb7cf25.pdf&event3=&goto=%2Fupload%2Fiblock%2F0ef%2F0ef9e6e4dca253ef2c2993300cb7cf25.pdf; financial statement.
  2. ^ a b "Крупным совладельцем «Камаза» оказался Виталий Мащицкий". Vedomosti. 22 May 2016. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  3. ^ "Новости. ОАО "КАМАЗ"". Kamaz.net. Archived from the original on 2013-05-12. Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  4. ^ Thompson, David (3 April 2016). "Panama Papers: Putin associates linked to 'money laundering'". BBC News. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  5. ^ "Коэффициент free-float (доля ценных бумаг в свободном обращении) по состоянию на 28.08.2017". Московская Биржа. Archived from the original on 5 July 2017. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  6. ^ Stolyarov, Gleb; Fedorinova, Yulia (2007-05-17). ""Kamaz" does not pay the Federal Property Management Agency". Vedomosti, № 88 (1862) (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2013-05-12. (Subscription required (help)). 
  7. ^ www.dp.ru (7 March 2008). ""KAMAZ" approved candidates to the Board". Business Petersburg (Online) / Moscow / (in Russian). ISSN 1606-1829. 
  8. ^ KAMAZ-Metallurgy Archived 2013-05-12 at the Wayback Machine. / / ROSFINPROM.
  9. ^ "Russian Kamaz Master occupies 2015 Dakar Rally’s entire podium". Russian News Agency "TASS". 17 January 2015. Archived from the original on 19 January 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c "Military Horizons of «Mustang» Trucks". Archived from the original on 2014-05-25. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 

External links[edit]