Kamaz

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KamAZ Inc.
Native name
КамАЗ
Public
Traded as MCXKMAZ
Industry Automotive
Founded 1969
Headquarters Naberezhnye Chelny, Tatarstan, Russia
Key people
Sergey A. Kogoghin, Director General
Products Trucks and buses
Revenue Increase US$ 3 billion
Owner Russian Technologies State Corporation(49.9 %)
Troika Dialog (27.3 %)
Daimler AG (11 %)
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (4 %)
Number of employees
35,000
Website www.kamaz.ru/en/

KamAZ (Камский Автомобильный Завод – КАМАЗ / Kamskiy Avtomobilny Zavod – translated: Kama Automobile Plant) is a Russian truck manufacturer located in Naberezhnye Chelny, Tatarstan, Russian Federation. KAMAZ opened its doors in 1976. Today, heavy duty models are exported to many areas of the world including Eastern Europe, Latin America, China, the Middle East, Indonesia, Singapore, India and North Africa. The trucks have won the Dakar Rally a record thirteen times. KAMAZ is the largest truck producer in Russia and the CIS. The factory produces 43,000 trucks a year (2014).[1] Reinforced KAMAZ trucks are used by the Russian army.

History[edit]

KamAZ-53501
KamAZ-6560
USSR 1974 postage stamp featuring a KamAZ truck

In 1969, the Resolution of the Central Committee of the USSR Communist Party and the USSR Council of Ministers was approved which envisaged construction of a complex of heavy duty truck production plants. 70 potential sites to locate the facilities were investigated. Choice went in favor of Naberezhnye Chelny, then a small town on the Kama River. Its advantages were obvious. So far as its geographical situation was concerned, Naberezhnye Chelny was right in the center of the former Soviet Union. The navigable rivers – the Kama River and the Volga River – as well as proximity of the railway line, were central to meeting all the logistical needs of the construction site for materials, raw materials, equipment, components while, going forward, to meeting the need to ship ready made trucks to customers. The fact that the huge construction company “KamGESenergostroy” existed in the region allowed construction of plant buildings and apartment blocks for prospective KAMAZ employees to be completed.

Workers and engineers, representing more than 70 ethnicities, converged on Naberezhnye Chelny to fuse into a “melting pot” of the construction project personnel. Orders placed by KAMAZ to procure construction materials and equipment were filled by all the ministries and departments, a total of over 2000 enterprises. Over 100 thousand personnel were employed at the construction site itself. The would-be truck plant was being provided with the most state-of-the-art manufacturing equipment by the contemporary standards. More than 700 international firms were among equipment vendors for KAMAZ facilities, including such globally known corporations as Swindell-Dressler, Holcroft, CE-Cast, Ingersoll Rand, Ex-Cello (U.S.A.), Hueller-Hille, Liebherr (West Germany), Morando, Fata (Italy), Renault (France), Sandvik (Sweden), Kamatsu and Hitachi (Japan).

On December 13-th 1969, ground was broken and the first bucket of soil was excavated at the construction site of the Kama River Truck Plant which was rated for production of 150 thousand heavy duty trucks and 250 thousand engines a year. The Complex of Plants on the Kama River sprawled over a vast territory measuring 57 square km. Concurrent to construction of the truck plant, huge social challenges were tackled. Hundreds of thousands of people were provided by KAMAZ with comfortable housing, modern educational facilities, kindergartens and creches, hospitals and clinics, numerous cultural, sporting, recreational and leisure centers. KAMAZ was instrumental in transforming the Kama River Area into a powerful industrial and scientific research hub and developing the infrastructure for the suburban agricultural zone.

Every year the population of the city grew by another 30-40 thousand or so. Whereas before construction of KAMAZ got underway, 27 thousand residents had lived in Naberezhnye Chelny, the current population has now reached more than half a million.

Owners and management[edit]

The authorized capital of "KAMAZ" is 35.36 billion rubles. The shareholders of the plant as of June 2010 are:[2] 49.9 % of the shares owned by the state corporation "Russian Technologies State Corporation"; 27.3 % controlled by the company "Troika Dialog"; 11 % owned by Daimler (package of 10% was sold to "Daimler" Company "Troika Dialog" for $250 million in early December, 2008); 4 % owned by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

At the same time, "KAMAZ" has a lot of minority shareholders (more than 76,000 individuals).[3]

In early March, 2008 the Board of Directors of KAMAZ was elected, which included 15 people, including:[4] The mayor of the city of Naberezhnye Chelny (April 2010 - Prime Minister of Tatarstan) - Ildar Khalikov, head of the management Federal Agency for State Property Management (Rosimushchestvo) - Ivan V. Aksenov, and the Director-General of the "Russian Technologies State Corporation" Sergey Chemezov.

Group structure[edit]

The Public Company "KAMAZ" has more than 110 subsidiaries and affiliates, it owns shares in the authorized capital of more than 50 different companies and businesses. Together they form the "Group of KAMAZ".
The group includes:

  • Automobile Plant (Naberezhnye Chelny)
  • Metallurgical Complex OJSC "KAMAZ"
    Kama Foundry (now one of the largest in Russia[5])
    Kamsky forging plant
    Kama Automotive Plant
  • "Kama Press and Stamping Plant"
  • Engine plant OJSC "KAMAZ"
  • Company Remdizel
  • JSC "Trade finance company" KAMAZ ""
  • Of "Neftekamsk Automotive Plant" (NEFAZ) - manufactures buses and machinery on KAMAZ chassis
  • Of "Trailer KAMAZ Inc." (formerly СЗАП (En:SZAP) of Stavropol)
  • Dealership "Auto-force"
  • OAO KamazTehObsluzhivanie
  • Company "KAMAZavtotehnika"
  • OAO RIZ (formerly of KAMAZinstrumentspetsmash)
  • OAO "KIP" Master ""
  • Company "KAMAZ-FINANCE"
  • OAO "KAMAZ-CAPITAL"Scientific-Technical Center "KAMAZ"

The main production facilities of the plant are located in the industrial area of Naberezhnye Chelny. Nefaz buses are produced in Neftekamsk (Bashkortostan).

There are also foreign manufacturing facilities in the following locations: Afghanistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, India, Indonesia, Iran, Kazakhstan (AO "KAMAZ-Engineering), Malaysia, North Korea <! - According to the official website ->Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Poland, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Chile, Ethiopia.

Competition[edit]

Kamaz vehicles have won the truck category of the Dakar Rally 13 times as of 2015.[6] All 14 of the 2010 Dakar Rally stages in the truck category were won by Kamaz trucks.

Generations[edit]

No years of release Features Photo
1 1976-2000 (with changes issue remains army trucks) Diskless wheels. Low cabin roof. Corrugated sidewalls sleeping compartment. Lights on the front of the cab. Kamaz 1-st generation.jpg
2 1995- Increased height of the cab roof. Disc wheels. Rectangular lights on the bumper. New bumper with sidewalls. Underride underbody. Kamaz 2 generation.jpg
3 2004- New surround bumper (double for tractors). New headlamps with headlamp swivel sections, which call on the sidewalls of the bumper. We haul tractors appeared high cab. Smooth walls of the sleeping compartment. Voluminous front fenders. Some of the trucks new plastic dashboard instead of metal Integrated Safety and Security Exhibition 2013 (500-39).jpg
4 2010- Large-scale modernization. All new front of cabin, including new radiator grille. New front bumper. New headlight lens type in one case with swivel headlights. Plastic dashboard with electronic instrument cluster. Part of trucks equipped with Cummins engine manufacturing joint venture Cummins and KAMAZ in Naberezhnye Chelny. Kamaz 4 generation.jpg
5 2014- cabin from Mercedes-Benz Axor with some modifications KAMAZ 6580 family.jpg
6  ? Being developed – completely new cab – jointly with South Korean engineering company DMEC. Prototype trucks already presented

Models[edit]

Russia's President Vladimir Putin speaks about the 2,000,000th truck produced by KamAZ around the world, 2012.

Trucks[edit]

3rd Generations of KAMAZ. KAMAZ 65117
Firefighting vehicle ATs-5,0-100 on KAMAZ-65224 chassis (4th Generation of KAMAZ trucks

From 1976 - 2015, KAMAZ has produced trucks as follows :

  • KAMAZ 4308 4x2 Medium-range truck & 4x2 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 4326 4x4 Side truck & 4x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 4326-9 Dakar 4x4 Dakar Rally Sport truck
  • KAMAZ 4911 Extreme 4x4 Civilian Sport truck Dakar Rally
  • KAMAZ 43114 6x6 Side truck & 6x6 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 43118 6x6 Side truck & 6x6 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 43253 4x2 Side truck & 4x2 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 53205 6x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 53215 6x4 Side truck & 6x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 53228 6x6 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 53229 6x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 53205 6x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 52212 6x4L Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 52213 6x4L Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 53605 4x2 Dump truck
  • KAMAZ 5513 6x4 Chassis truck & 6x4 Trash truck
  • KAMAZ 5320 6x4 Side truck & 6x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 53202 6x4 Side truck & 6x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 53212 6x4 Side truck & 6x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 53213 6x4 Side truck & 6x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 53229 6x4 Side truck & 6x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 53228 6x6 Side truck & 6x6 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 5511 6x4 Dump truck
  • KAMAZ 5512 6x6 Dump truck
  • KAMAZ 45141 6x6 Dump truck
  • KAMAZ 54115 6x4 Prime mover & 6x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 55111 6x4 Dump truck & 6x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 6520 6x4 Dump truck & 6x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 6522 6x6 Dump truck & 6x6 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 6540 8x4 Dump truck & 8x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 6560 8x8 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 5360 4x2 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 53602 6x2 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 43082 6x2 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 6360 6x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 53228 6x6 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 53229 6x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 5523 6x6 Logging truck
  • KAMAZ 63968 Typhoon 6x6 Armored infantry transport
  • KAMAZ 65111 6x6 Dump truck
  • KAMAZ 65115 6x4 Dump truck & 6x4 Chassis truck
  • KAMAZ 65116 6x4 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 65117 6x4 Side truck & 6x4 Chassis truck
Military tank transporter KAMAZ 65225 with an SU-85 on parade rehearsal in Red Square

Prime mover[edit]

  • KAMAZ 6440 6x4 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 65116 6x4 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 6460 "Continent" 6x4 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 6460-73 6x4 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 5460 "Continent" 4x2 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 5460-73 4x2 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 5460-06 "Cummins" 4x2 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 5470 4x2 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 5490 4x2 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 5410 6x4 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 54101 6x4 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 54102 6x4 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 54112 6x4 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 54105 6x4 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 5415 4x2 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 5415M 4x2 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 5425 4x2 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 5425M 4x2 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 44108 6x6 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 65225 6x6 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 65226 6x6 Prime mover
  • KAMAZ 65228 8x8 Prime mover

Engines KAMAZ Engines

  • KAMAZ 740.10 180 - 210 HP V8
  • KAMAZ 740.31 225 - 240 HP V8 Turbo Euro 0
  • KAMAZ 740.73 400 HP V8 Turbo Euro 4
  • KAMAZ 740.622 280 HP V8 Turbo Euro 3
  • KAMAZ 740.632 400 HP V8 Turbo Euro 4
  • KAMAZ 740.662 300 HP V8 Turbo Euro 4
  • KAMAZ 740.602 360 HP V8 Turbo Euro 3
  • KAMAZ 740.652 260 HP V8 Turbo Euro 3
  • KAMAZ 7403.10 260 HP V8 Turbo Euro 0
  • KAMAZ 74037.10 260 HP V8 Turbo Euro 0
  • KAMAZ 74006.10 220 HP V8 Turbo
  • KAMAZ 7409 series 180 - 360 HP V8 Turbo (240HP - 360HP) Euro 3 - 4 (240HP - 360HP)

KAMAZ Cummins

  • Cummins ISB6.7e4 245 - 300 HP I6 Turbo Euro 2 - 4
  • Cummins ISB6.5e4 185 HP I6 Turbo Euro 2
  • 1989 360HP Cummins L6 Turbo Euro 2

KAMAZ Mercedes

  • Daimler OM457LA 428 HP I6 Turbo Euro 5

Other vehicles[edit]

Kamaz Mustang[edit]

The Kamaz Мустанг (Mustang) is a family of general military utility trucks with numerous variants.[7] The family is based on the 1st generation KamAZ family launched in the early 1980s. A three-person cab is standard across the Mustang range. It has a sleeping berth and tilts forward for engine access. This cab can be fitted with add-on armour kit.

The Mustang family is available in eight (8) models:[8]

Original three:

And the Kamaz-43501, -5450, -6450, and -5350 trucks with armoured cabs.:[9]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Новости. ОАО "КАМАЗ"". Kamaz.net. Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  2. ^ Nepomnyashchii, Alex (2010-06-21). ""Troika" depart to partners". Vedomosti № 111 (2629) (in Russian). (subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ Stolyarov, Gleb; Fedorinova, Yulia (2007-05-17). ""Kamaz" does not pay the Federal Property Management Agency". Vedomosti, № 88 (1862) (in Russian). (subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ www.dp.ru (7 March 2008). ""KAMAZ" approved candidates to the Board". Business Petersburg (Online) / Moscow / (in Russian). ISSN 1606-1829. 
  5. ^ KAMAZ-Metallurgy / / ROSFINPROM.
  6. ^ "Russian Kamaz Master occupies 2015 Dakar Rally's entire podium". Russian News Agency "TASS". 17 January 2015. 
  7. ^ http://kamaz.net/en/news/2003/12/22/
  8. ^ http://kamaz.net/en/news/2003/12/22/
  9. ^ http://kamaz.net/en/news/2003/12/22/

External links[edit]