Kambot language

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Not to be confused with Apma language.
Kambot
Ap Ma
Native to Papua New Guinea
Region East Sepik Province
Native speakers
10,000  (2010)[1]
Ramu–Lower Sepik
  • (unclassified)
    • Kambot
Dialects
Kambaramba
Language codes
ISO 639-3 kbx
Glottolog apma1241[2]

Kambot AKA Ap Ma (Ap Ma Botin, Botin, also Karaube), is a Ramu–Lower Sepik language of Papua New Guinea of unclear affiliation.

Kambot was assigned to the Grass family within Ramu by Laycock and Z'graggen (1975). However, Foley (2005) finds the data does not support this assignment. Foley and Ross (2005) agree that the language belongs to the Ramu – Lower Sepik family; however, its position in the family remains uncertain.[3]

Foley (1986) proposed that Kambot had borrowed its pronouns from the Iatmul language of the Sepik family (Ndu languages). His suggestion was that nyɨ 'I' (1sg), wɨn 'thou' (2sg), and nun 'ye' (2pl) are taken from Iatmul nyɨn 'thou', wɨn 'I', and nɨn 'we', with a crossover of person. That is, the Iatmul may have called the Kambot nyɨn "you", and they then used that pronoun for themselves, resulting in it meaning "I". However, Ross (2005) and Pawley (2005) show that the pronoun set has not been borrowed. The Kambot pronouns are indigenous, as they have apparent cognates in Ramu languages. Similarly, the Iatmul pronouns have not been borrowed from Kambot, as they have cognates in other Ndu languages.[3]

Comparison of Kambot PNs with Ramu languages
PN Kambot Kambaramba Banaro Langam Arafundi
1sg nyɨ ni (uŋɡu) ñi ñiŋ
2sg wɨn u wo (nan)
2pl nun (wɨni) nu (wuni) nuŋ

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kambot at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Ap Ma". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ a b Andrew Pawley, 2005, Papuan pasts, p 56.
  • Foley, William A. (1986). The Papuan Languages of New Guinea. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-28621-2. OCLC 13004531. 
  • Foley, William A. (2005). "Linguistic prehistory in the Sepik–Ramu basin". In Andrew Pawley, Robert Attenborough, Robin Hide, Jack Golson, eds. Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782. 
  • Pawley, Andrew; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson, eds. (2005). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. ISBN 0-85883-562-2. OCLC 67292782. 
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley, Robert Attenborough, Robin Hide, Jack Golson, eds. Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.