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Kamešnica under snow
|Elevation||1,855 m (6,086 ft) |
Canton 10, Bosnia and Herzegovina
|Parent range||Dinaric Alps|
Kamešnica is a mountain in the Dinarides on the border between Bosnia and Herzegovina (Canton 10) and Croatia (Dalmatia). It is 1,851 metres (6,073 ft) tall. It is part of the Dinaric Alps and is an extension of the Dinara range that stretches from the northwest white road pass Vaganj (1173 m) to the Buško Blato artificial lake. The two tallest peaks named Konj (Horse) 1,855 metres (6,086 ft) and Kurljaj 1,567 metres (5,141 ft) belong to Bosnia and Herzegovina and offer views of both sides of the border. In clear weather, it is possible to see the most remote areas of the Adriatic Sea and its islands. The vicinity's many trails and caves make it popular with hikers.
Kamešnica is a favorable habitat for many species of plants and animals. The ecosystem of the northern parts of the mountain has been completely preserved due to its isolated location and the thick forest that surrounds it.
Most of Kamešnica's peaks are covered by snow for six to seven months of the year.
Most of Kamešnica has a climate characterized by its position in two main climate regions; continental (northern side which is surrounded by Livanjsko field, 700 m above sea-level with mean annual temperature of 9 °C) and submediterranean (southern side which is surrounded by Sinjsko field, 300 m above sea-level where the mean annual temperature is 12.5 °C). Only the highest parts of Kamešnica (above 1300 m), have a snowy-forested climate.
The weather and the mean annual air temperature can be compared using data of Zavizan metro station (1594 m). The lowest temperature on Kamešnica during the winter approximately measures -20 °C. Mean annual quantity of precipitation on Kamešnica ranges from 1200 mm to 2500 mm (maximum quantity on the peaks Konj, Kurljaj, Burnjaca and Gareta). In general, the climate of Kamešnica is very similar to the climate of Velebit.
The "Bura" is a dry and cold wind that blows from the northeast (from continent towards sea). While the bura is blowing, the peaks of Kamešnica are in the cloud called "Cap".
- Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2015). Statistički ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2015 [Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2015] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English). 47. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. p. 48. ISSN 1333-3305. Retrieved 27 December 2015.