Kameido Tenjin Shrine
|Kameido Tenjin Shrine|
Kameido Tenjin Shrine in Tokyo, with the Tokyo Skytree in the background
|Destroyed||1945, later rebuilt|
|Glossary of Shinto|
The Kameido shine was built in honor of Sugawara no Muchizane, a prominent Japanese politician and scholar. Despite a long and successful career serving multiple Japanese emperors, Muchizane was eventually demoted from his position in the imperial court by the political machinations of Fujiwara no Tokihira. Upon Muchizane's death several years later, a series of natural disasters struck Japan; some attributed these events to the ghost of Muchizane. To placate the departed scholar's spirit, a number of shrines were built (including one in Kyoto, then the imperial capital) in his honor, with many shrines portraying Muchizane as a kami; even after the disasters subsided, this tradition of honoring Muchizane's skill continued and many more shrines were built in his name.
The Kameido Tenjin Shrine was built in Tokyo in 1646. Tokyo was at time a port city of some importance, but was not yet the capital of Japan. Regardless, many people from Tokyo paid homage to Muchizane at the shrine between 1646 and 1945. The original Kameido shrine, built out of wood, was destroyed during World War II when the United States Air Force conducted a firebombing campaign against Tokyo; these bombings resulted in the destruction of large parts of the city. In the years after the war, the shrine was rebuilt with more modern materials, such as concrete. The restored shrine is famous for a number of its prominent features; the shrine's grounds contain a number of ponds bridged by drum bridges, and compound also has an abundance of plum trees.
Every year on 25 January, the custodians of the shire present a carved good luck charm to a visitor. Between April and May, the Fuji Matsuri festival is held at the shrine. The festival entails the celebration of flowers, namely the-then in bloom Wisteria.
- "Kameido Tenjin Shrine - An Impressive Shrine Worth a Visit". Taiken Japan. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
- "Kameido Tenjin Shrine | Travel Japan - The Official Japan Guide". Japan National Tourism Organization (JNTO). Retrieved 2018-11-07.
- Morris, I. (1975). The Nobility of Failure: Tragic Heroes in the History of Japan
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